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Dead or Alive? The Status of the Standard Language

KEES VERSTEEGH

in Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199245062
eISBN:
9780191715129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245062.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses the value of written records as evidence of the historical linguistic circumstances. The focus is on the status of the standard language, that is, the language of prestige in ... More


Croatian: We are separate but equal twins

Robert D. Greenberg

in Language and Identity in the Balkans: Serbo-Croatian and Its Disintegration

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199208753
eISBN:
9780191717673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208753.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the Croatian language, including the link between language and politics in the history of the Croat people during the last two centuries. The history of the Croatian from Broz ... More


Montenegrin: A mountain out of a mole hill?

Robert D. Greenberg

in Language and Identity in the Balkans: Serbo-Croatian and Its Disintegration

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199208753
eISBN:
9780191717673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208753.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter analyses the complex language situation in Montenegro, focusing on the dialects and literary traditions, the debates surrounding the official language of Montenegro, and the ... More


Polishing the myths: The commercial side of politeness

Richard J. Watts

in Language Myths and the History of English

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195327601
eISBN:
9780199893539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327601.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The development of the ideology of the standard language in the eighteenth century can be seen as a wider and socially more significant ideology of “politeness”. The argument links social standards ... More


Dialects of Morality

Sarah Hillewaert

in Morality at the Margins: Youth, Language, and Islam in Coastal Kenya

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823286515
eISBN:
9780823288786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823286515.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at how language and linguistic varieties get imbued with social, political, and moral value. It examines how these language ideologies inform young Lamu residents’ everyday ... More


Sociolinguistic Matrices for Early Modern Literacies: Paternal Latin, Mother Tongues, and Illustrious Vernaculars

in Dido's Daughters: Literacy, Gender, and Empire in Early Modern England and France

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226243115
eISBN:
9780226243184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243184.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter explores the interlocking histories of French and English languages, in relation to Latin, as linguistic matrices for competing types of gendered literacy. It analyzes textual evidence ... More


Challenging the Standard

Ingunn Lunde

in Language on Display: Writers, Fiction and Linguistic Culture in Post-Soviet Russia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474421560
eISBN:
9781474444842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421560.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

After a brief exposition of the history and status of the standard language in Russia, this chapter looks at the various ways in which the standard language has been challenged in the post-Soviet ... More


Land and people, language and language planning

Ernst Håkon Jahr

in Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment: The Case of Modern Norwegian

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748637829
eISBN:
9781474400855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The first chapter forms the introduction to the book. Modern Norway stands out linguistically as unique in the European context. First, it has for more than a century maintained two written standards ... More


Voicing “Sexy Text”: Heteroglossia and Erasure in TV News Representations of Detroit’s Text Message Scandal

Lauren Squires

in Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199795437
eISBN:
9780199919321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795437.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents a case study examining the metadiscursive representation of politicians' text messages within television news broadcasts. The analysis shows that from the multimodal media ... More


The Literary Norm

Ingunn Lunde

in Language on Display: Writers, Fiction and Linguistic Culture in Post-Soviet Russia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474421560
eISBN:
9781474444842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421560.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses the new and changing conditions for linguistic norms in literary fiction of the post-Soviet era. In particular, it looks at how the interrelationship between the language of ... More


Archival Authorities and New Technologies

Francis X. Blouin Jr. and William G. Rosenberg

in Processing the Past: Contesting Authorities in History and the Archives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740543
eISBN:
9780199894673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740543.003.0004
Subject:
History, Historiography, History of Ideas

While it is obvious that the development of new information technologies has revolutionized communication, their effect on archives has been complicated and in some ways quite problematic. This ... More


Language Imprisoned by Identities; or, Why Language Should Be Defended

Milorad Pupovac

in After Yugoslavia: The Cultural Spaces of a Vanished Land

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804784023
eISBN:
9780804787345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784023.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter demonstrates how language should be defended from the phenomenon of “identitization” in South Slavic languages, and especially in cases when language has obtained the status of dialect ... More


Space and Time

Tim William Machan

in What is English?: And Why Should We Care?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199601257
eISBN:
9780191759031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601257.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

In order to write the history or grammar of English we require what Dr Johnson described as a “principle of selection”—a way to identify English from among a “speech copious without order, and ... More


Korean and the Korean dialects

Ho-Min Sohn

in The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198804628
eISBN:
9780191842849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents a structural overview of contemporary Korean. Following a brief introduction to the speakers, writing systems, and previous scholarship, the main body surveys the following six ... More


What Happened to Serbo-Croatian?

Ranko Bugarski

in After Yugoslavia: The Cultural Spaces of a Vanished Land

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804784023
eISBN:
9780804787345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784023.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents a brief overview of the unusual life story of a language bearing many names but internationally best known as Serbo-Croatian. Its course is traced from its construction at the ... More


Language, dialect, and the general public—or how not to popularize knowledge

Raf Van Rooy

in Language or Dialect?: The History of a Conceptual Pair

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198845713
eISBN:
9780191880865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845713.003.0023
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Chapter 23 explores the modern popularization of the language / dialect distinction, gathering steam in the last decades of the nineteenth century, when the standard language ideologies of ... More


A subjective touch: Language beats dialect

Raf Van Rooy

in Language or Dialect?: The History of a Conceptual Pair

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198845713
eISBN:
9780191880865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845713.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

From the late sixteenth century onwards, dialect was conceptualized as an anomalous deviation from the analogical language under which it resorted. Chapter 9 suggests that this interpretation may ... More


Languages and regional varieties

John Considine

in Small Dictionaries and Curiosity: Lexicography and Fieldwork in Post-Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198785019
eISBN:
9780191827211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785019.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, English Language

Regional varieties of a language can only become well-defined objects of inquiry when a standard variety has been defined so that they can be contrasted against it. The lexicography of regionalisms, ... More


Ray’s German contemporaries and successors

John Considine

in Small Dictionaries and Curiosity: Lexicography and Fieldwork in Post-Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198785019
eISBN:
9780191827211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785019.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, English Language

Among Ray’s contemporaries, the strongest interest in dialect lexicography was shown in German-speaking Europe, partly because of the diversity of the varieties of German. From the sixteenth century ... More


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