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Index Numbers: Issues and Alternatives

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses the fact that creating index numbers for settlement of contracts requires some judgement, and that no single method is likely to be applicable to all circumstances—there are ... More


Statistical treatment

Thomas D. Wickens

in Elementary Signal Detection Theory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195092509
eISBN:
9780199893812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092509.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter collects several issues concerned with the statistical treatment of signal-detection data: variability of the parameter estimates (confidence intervals and hypothesis tests), measuring ... More


A Monte Carlo Comparison of OLS Estimation Errors and Design Efficiencies in a Two‐Stage Stratified Random Sampling Procedure for a Contingent Valuation Study

Kyeongae Choe, William R. Parke, and Dale Whittington

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In many settings, a random sample may not be cost‐inefficient, so that a two‐stage stratified random sample is adopted in contingent valuation (CV) studies. The first stage comprises identifying a ... More


Further Regression Issues in Labour Economics

Stephen Bazen

in Econometric Methods for Labour Economics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199576791
eISBN:
9780191731136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576791.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter discusses the four aspects of regression analysis as used in labour economics. Decomposing differences between groups — males and females, for example — is one of the key uses of ... More


Business Forecasting and Credit Decisions

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses one of the most reliable and commonly used techniques of business forecasting, and develops an appraisal methodology by applying this technique. Of the various statistical ... More


Introduction

Jonas Olson

in Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701934
eISBN:
9780191771620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701934.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter gives a rationale and a brief overview of the book. It is argued that moral projectivism is congenial to moral error theory. Moral projectivism is, however, compatible with a variety of ... More


Robustness Analysis and Statistical Inference

Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José Manuel Roche, and Paola Ballón

in Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199689491
eISBN:
9780191793745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689491.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The design of a poverty measure involves the selection of a set of parameters and poverty figures. In most cases, the measures are estimated from sample surveys. This raises the question of how ... More


Primary and Secondary Effects: Some Methodological Issues

Christiana Kartsonaki, Michelle Jackson, and David R. Cox

in Determined to Succeed?: Performance versus Choice in Educational Attainment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804783026
eISBN:
9780804784481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783026.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses a method for providing quantitative estimates of the relative importance of primary and secondary effects in creating educational inequalities, describes the method, and ... More


One-Sample and Difference-of-Means Tests

Quan Li

in Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190656218
eISBN:
9780190656256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656218.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates the types of questions one could ask about a continuous random variable of interest and answer using statistical inference. It provides conceptual preparation for ... More


Interval estimation and inference

M. D. Edge

in Statistical Thinking from Scratch: A Primer for Scientists

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198827627
eISBN:
9780191866463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827627.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Interval estimation is the attempt to define intervals that quantify the degree of uncertainty in an estimate. The standard deviation of an estimate is called a standard error. Confidence intervals ... More


Statistical Toolkit

Carey Witkov and Keith Zengel

in Chi-Squared Data Analysis and Model Testing for Beginners

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198847144
eISBN:
9780191882074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847144.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chi-squared analysis requires familiarity with basic statistical concepts like the mean, standard deviation and standard error, and uncertainty propagation. Interesting aspects are presented to ... More


Cross-National Test of the Theory

Ekrem Karakoç

in Inequality After the Transition: Political Parties, Party Systems, and Social Policy in Southern and Postcommunist Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198826927
eISBN:
9780191865831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826927.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The previous chapter posed the primary research question and offered a new theory that encompassed two interrelated arguments. This chapter produces three hypotheses derived from the new theory ... More


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