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Beyond Regression: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered, and this book offers openings. To the society at large, quantitative social scientists presently seem no better at prediction than ... More


SUMMARY OF PARAMETRIC IMAGE REGISTRATION

Jan Modersitzki

in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528418
eISBN:
9780191713583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the techniques discussed so far in this book. The techniques are all based on the minimization of a certain distance measure, and the distance measure is based on image ... More


Simulation-based Econometric Methods

Christian Gouriéroux and Alain Monfort

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774754
eISBN:
9780191596339
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774753.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book deals with a new generation of econometric methods leading to criterion functions without simple analytical expression. The difficulty often comes from the presence of integrals of large ... More


Goodness of Fit

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The criteria for judging the adaptability of the model for describing income distribution are illustrated. These include the mean absolute deviation, chi-squared statistic, mean squared error, and ... More


The Mean Duration of Cabinets

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Again the quantity to watch is the ‘seat product’. The inverse square law of cabinet durations says that the mean cabinet duration in a country is approximately forty-two years divided by the square ... More


Statistical Methods of Mobility Research

Richard Breen

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Introduces and explains, in a fairly non-technical fashion, the main quantitative methods employed in the study of intergenerational mobility. These include methods for modelling mobility tables, in ... More


Why We Should Shift to Symmetric Regression

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

When data are scattered, Ordinary Least-Squares (OLS) regression produces two quite distinct regression lines – one for y versus x and another for x versus y – and both may differ appreciably from ... More


‘Form’ discrimination

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

D. B.'s ability to discriminate shapes by forced-choice guessing was studied using various letters, rectangles vs. squares, and degrees of curvature of triangles. Both projected and back-illuminated ... More


General Theorems From Specific Images

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter shows that some general arithmetical theorems almost certainly can be discovered by visualizing. First, it describes two examples of what look like acceptable routes to general theorems ... More


Blackface Minstrels, Black Minstrels, and Their European Reception

Derek B. Scott

in Sounds of the Metropolis: The 19th Century Popular Music Revolution in London, New York, Paris and Vienna

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309461
eISBN:
9780199871254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309461.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter explores the reception of black and blackface minstrelsy outside of the USA. Europeans first acquired knowledge of the music-making of African Americans through the distorting medium of ... More


Existential Import and the Square of Opposition

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The sixth chapter discusses the issue of how the reconstruction of the relevant parts of Buridan’s logic and medieval logic in general, using restricted variables, validates the attribution of ... More


 From 11/9/1989 to 9/11/2001 and Beyond: The Return of Jeremiad and the Specter of Secularization

Joshua Yates

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines leading figures and institutions of the Religious Right in the United States and the distinctive narrative form its public and political activism has taken from the fall of the ... More


Youth First in Jackson Square! (¡Jovenes Primero!): Case Study: Boston, Massachusetts

Melvin Delgado and Lee Staples

in Youth-Led Community Organizing: Theory and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195182767
eISBN:
9780199865192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182767.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

This chapter presents a case study to illustrate how youth-led community organizing can be done and how local circumstances help shape these efforts. Hyde/Jackson Square is an area that has been ... More


The mathematics of John Pell

Jacqueline Stedall

in John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This second part of the book presents the mathematical works of John Pell. Pell's published works were few: the Controversiae pars prima in 1647, An Introduction to Algebra in 1668, and the Table of ... More


Projection Procrustes problems

J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis

in Procrustes Problems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter considers projection Procrustes where T is an orthonormal matrix P, which has an interpretation of rotating an orthogonal projection of the P 1-dimensional ... More


Methodologies for root selection

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter studies the specific problem of selecting a root of an estimating equation with more than one root, for instance, using methods by removing the irregularity of the estimating function or ... More


PRO-SUBJECTIVE APPROACH LOSES AS SAMPLING THEORY GAINS GROUND

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

In the first half of the 19th century, Laplace, Gauss, and a number of other contributors enriched statistical thought. The quest for a suitable model for the distribution of observational errors led ... More


Analysis of variance framework

J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis

in Procrustes Problems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter continues the discussion of the multi-set problem, presenting several forms of analysis of variance which have only a rudimentary form for the two sets Procrustes problem but which give ... More


Links with other methods

J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis

in Procrustes Problems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The multi-set Procrustes problem may be viewed as a part of the family of three-mode multidimensional scaling methods. This chapter discusses links with other three-mode methods, especially PINDIS, ... More


On the application of the method of least squares to some cases, in which a combination of certain types of inhomogeneous random sources of errors gives these a ‘systematic’ character

T. N. Thiele

in Thiele: Pioneer in Statistics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509721
eISBN:
9780191709197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509721.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter presents Thiele's first paper on the method of least squares. This paper was so far ahead of its time that only a few appreciated the results. Thiele's recursive algorithm developed in ... More


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