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Introduction

Angela R. McLean, Robert M. May, John Pattison, and Robin A. Weiss

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This introductory chapter discusses the rationale behind this book on how to deal with emerging infections. It considers why such a study is necessary. It details how the topics were chosen and why ... More


Neuron Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Neuron model simulates the membrane potentials in vertebrate neurons, which are modeled as three serially connected compartments: dendrite, soma, and axon. The model is designed to simulate the ... More


Equations Underlying the Neuron Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Neuron model envisions a three-compartment neuron with dendrite, soma, and axon compartments. This chapter describes the equations used to emulate macroscopic conductances arising from a large ... More


The London Market for Sovereign Debt, 1870–1913 versus Today's Markets

Paolo Mauro, Nathan Sussman, and Yishay Yafeh

in Emerging Markets and Financial Globalization: Sovereign Bond Spreads in 1870-1913 and Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199272693
eISBN:
9780191603488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272697.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter describes the pre-World War I London market for sovereign bonds issued by emerging countries, and compares it with the corresponding market today. It shows that the London market was ... More


News and Sharp Changes in Bond Spreads

Paolo Mauro, Nathan Sussman, and Yishay Yafeh

in Emerging Markets and Financial Globalization: Sovereign Bond Spreads in 1870-1913 and Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199272693
eISBN:
9780191603488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272697.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter relates sharp changes in spreads on sovereign bonds of emerging economies to news articles in the London Times and the Investor’s Monthly Manual for the period 1870-1913, and to news ... More


Spreads, News, and Macroeconomics: A Multivariate Regression Analysis

Paolo Mauro, Nathan Sussman, and Yishay Yafeh

in Emerging Markets and Financial Globalization: Sovereign Bond Spreads in 1870-1913 and Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199272693
eISBN:
9780191603488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272697.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents a systematic attempt to identify the determinants of bond spreads. Using multivariate regression analysis, it relates emerging market bond spreads for 1870-1913 and for the ... More


Conclusion: Are Mixed‐Member Systems the Best of Both Worlds?

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the experiences of several existing mixed‐member electoral systems in an effort to assess the likely prospects for the continued spread of this mode of electoral reform. There are three ... More


Geographic Range Expansion of Exotic Birds

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Once an exotic species has successfully established a self-sustaining population, it may spread beyond its initial point of introduction and establish meaningful interactions with species native to ... More


Invasions and range expansion

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter explores the spatial dynamics of invading species, paying particular attention to the patterns formed as they spread, i.e., the rate of increase of the area invaded and the rate at which ... More


Equity Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Equity rights are the rights required for the equitable promotion of life prospects. They include negative opportunity rights (rights against discrimination), positive opportunity rights (rights to ... More


EPILOGUE

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses several issues concerning viruses. These include the increasing threat to humans posed by viruses, the settlement of virus families in the population, and the spread of viruses ... More


Standard Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Standard Chinese, including sound frequencies and onset, rhyme, syllable, and tonal frequencies. It also discusses ... More


Syllable and tone

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the impact of syllable structure on tone loss, tone spreading, and tonal inventory. When a syllable‐tone language loses complex rhymes, it undergoes massive tone loss, tone ... More


New Sources of Development Finance

A. B. Atkinson (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199278558
eISBN:
9780191601590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278555.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As their Millennium Development Goals, world leaders have pledged by 2015 to halve the number of people living in extreme poverty and hunger, to achieve universal primary education, to reduce child ... More


Variation in the Rate and Pattern of Spread in Introduced Species and its Implications

Mark Williamson

in Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199560158
eISBN:
9780191721557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The variation in spread rate both within and between species is considerable. Managers' attention is inevitably on those that spread fast. This chapter shows that those that spread slowly need to be ... More


Further Results of Sea Turtle Research and Conservation Biology

Frederick Rowe Davis

in The Man Who Saved Sea Turtles: Archie Carr and the Origins of Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195310771
eISBN:
9780199790098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310771.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Carr spent more than thirty years dedicated to the study of the ecology and migration of sea turtles. Many of the stories he had heard from the turtle captains had been confirmed through tag returns ... More


Functional ablation studies of CTA

Jan Bures

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

A striking feature of CTA is that the eliciting US can be applied to a rat anaesthetized for more then 30 minutes after the gustatory CS. On the other hand, CS administration during narcosis prevents ... More


Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

As people have spread around the world, they have taken with them a broad range of other species to satisfy a variety of human needs. Some of these species went on to establish wild populations well ... More


Dynamics of modern epidemics

Dirk Brockmann, Lars Hufnagel, and Theo Geisel

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The rapid global spread of SARS demonstrated the threat that an infectious disease poses in a closely interconnected and interdependent world. This chapter introduces a novel, probabilistic model to ... More


The International response to the outbreak of SARS, 2003

David L. Heymann

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

On 15 March 2003, the WHO issued an emergency alert to a novel severe disease spreading along the routes of international air travel. A case definition was provided and the new disease was named ... More


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