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The spontaneous emission of radiation

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Starting from a classical model of the atom, the classical rate at which energy is radiated is obtained and then converted into a quantum-mechanical transition rate. The calculation of the radiative ... More


Interaction of light with matter

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a review of the semi-classical model of the interaction of charged particles with light, and then proceeds to the full quantum theory by replacing the classical fields with ... More


Quantized Fields and Coherent States

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574872
eISBN:
9780191722219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574872.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Chapter 6 begins by transforming the optical wave itself into a quantized form, and the full implications of the wave‐particle duality of Chapter 2 become clear. The electric field may be pictured as ... More


Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Alan Corney

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book gives an account of the progress that has been made in the fields of atomic physics and laser spectroscopy during the last fifty years. The first five chapters prepare the foundations of ... More


Interaction Hamiltonian and Spontaneous Emission

Peter W. Milonni

in An Introduction to Quantum Optics and Quantum Fluctuations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199215614
eISBN:
9780191868689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199215614.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The atom-field interaction is formulated within the fully quantized-field theory, starting from a detailed analysis of the transformation from the fundamental minimal coupling interaction Hamiltonian ... More


Interaction of radiation with charged particles

Efstratios Manousakis

in Practical Quantum Mechanics: Modern Tools and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749349
eISBN:
9780191813474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749349.003.0030
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter treats fully quantum mechanically the interaction of charged particles with a fluctuating electromagnetic field using time-dependent perturbation theory. It discusses absorption, ... More


Measurement of gain and emission

Peter Blood

in Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a description of methods for measurement of gain and spontaneous emission spectra on laser devices in the presence of round-trip amplification by observation of emission from ... More


Atom-Light Forces

John Weiner and Frederico Nunes

in Light-Matter Interaction: Physics and Engineering at the Nanoscale, Second Edition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796664
eISBN:
9780191837920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796664.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 11 presents the simplest and most intuitive approach to atom-optical interactions: the atom is modelled as a damped harmonic oscillator with spontaneous emission as the damping agent. The ... More


Laser action

Peter Blood

in Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Laser action arises from round-trip, coherent amplification of light brought about by optical feedback due to reflection at the end mirrors, initiated by emission coupled into the mode specified by ... More


Rate equations for laser operation

Peter Blood

in Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Rate equations for the electron and photon populations provide insight into the variation of light output with current and the high-frequency modulation response of the laser. Above threshold the ... More


Dipole Interactions and Fluctuation-Induced Forces

Peter W. Milonni

in An Introduction to Quantum Optics and Quantum Fluctuations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199215614
eISBN:
9780191868689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199215614.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Concepts considered in earlier chapters, especially vacuum field fluctuations and zero-point energy, are applied to van der Waals, Casimir, and dipole-dipole resonance interactions, and to field ... More


Gain and emission in quantum dots

Peter Blood

in Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The absorption, gain, and spontaneous emission spectra due to optical transitions in a layer of quantum dots in the slab waveguide of a laser are derived in terms of the dipole matrix element and ... More


Optics in Semiconductors

Alexey A. Toropov and Tatiana V. Shubina

in Plasmonic Effects in Metal-Semiconductor Nanostructures

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199699315
eISBN:
9780191799433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699315.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes basic optical processes in semiconductor crystals, including interband optical absorption, gain, and emission. The consideration is performed for the two types of crystal ... More


Quantized Fields and Coherent States

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198757450
eISBN:
9780191817830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757450.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Chapter 6 transforms the optical wave into a quantized form. The electric field is pictured as an infinite ladder of discrete states: this structure allows optical interactions to be described photon ... More


Quantum mechanical interaction of light with atoms

Peter Blood

in Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The quantum mechanical description of the interaction of light with atoms treats absorption, gain, and recombination as upward and downward induced transitions of electrons between two states by ... More


Optical transitions in quantum wells

Peter Blood

in Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Optical transitions in quantum wells occur between closely spaced states associated with unconfined motion in the plane of the well within sub-bands formed by confinement across the well. The energy ... More


Intersubband scattering processes

Jérôme Faist

in Quantum Cascade Lasers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198528241
eISBN:
9780191755545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528241.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyzes intrasubband scattering processes, namely spontaneous emission, phonon scattering, and elastic scattering. It then discusses experimental measurements of intersubband lifetime ... More


Field quantization

Ian R. Kenyon

in Quantum 20/20: Fundamentals, Entanglement, Gauge Fields, Condensates and Topology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198808350
eISBN:
9780191846052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808350.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Field or second quantization is carried through for electromagnetism, giving creation and annihilation operators for photons. Vacuum energy arises from field fluctuations, which causes the Casimir ... More


An Introduction to Quantum Optics and Quantum Fluctuations

Peter W. Milonni

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199215614
eISBN:
9780191868689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199215614.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book is an introduction to quantum optics for students who have studied electromagnetism and quantum mechanics at an advanced undergraduate or graduate level. It provides detailed expositions of ... More


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