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The Unity of Consciousness

Tim Bayne

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

One of the features of consciousness that has been largely overlooked in recent treatments of the topic is its unity. What is the unity of consciousness? To what degree might consciousness be ... More


The Split-Brain Syndrome

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The received view within psychology and philosophy is that the split‐brain (commissurotomy) procedure leads to a breakdown in the unity of consciousness. Disunity models of the split‐brain can be ... More


Being in Two Minds

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the breakdown of unity and continuity shown by people with split brains, the case where two centres of consciousness in one body work separately but simultaneously. It continues ... More


Michael S. Gazzaniga

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Michael S. Gazzaniga carried out original studies of human brain laterality and function in split-brain patients, work that has rich implications for consciousness, free will, and the self. He ... More


The Mental Transparency Assumption

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and discusses the assumption that minds are transparent to themselves (in a way that they aren't, of course, transparent to other people). Some such assumption has been ... More


Why can’t I control my brain? Aspects of conscious experience

MICHAEL S. GAZZANIGA

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Humans have a specialized system that carries out interpretative synthesis, and it is located in the brain’s left hemisphere. The author calls this the ‘interpreter’: a system that seeks explanations ... More


Brain modularity: towards a philosophy of conscious experience

Michael S. Gazzaniga

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter deals with functional neurological models as the brain basis of consciousness. Here, the chapter asks whether there is anything about brain organization that tells about consciousness. ... More


Two brains—my life in science

Michael S. Gazzaniga

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at developments in the split-brain studies during the past fifty years from a personal perspective. It describes experiments in split-brain research and the discovery of the ... More


On the ubiquity of conscious–unconscious dissociations in neuropsychology

Lawrence Weiskrantz

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses some examples of neuropsychological defects in which awareness is disconnected from a capacity to discriminate or to remember or to attend or to read or to speak. Some of these ... More


Partial Unity of Consciousness:: A Preliminary Defense

Elizabeth Schechter

in Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027786
eISBN:
9780262319270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027786.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The debate about the unity of consciousness in split-brain subjects has for the most part been pitched between two positions: that a split-brain subject has a single, unified stream of consciousness, ... More


Counting Minds and Mental States

Jonathan Vogel

in Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027786
eISBN:
9780262319270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027786.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Jonathan Vogel explores the important conceptual and metaphysical issues that arise when we try to understand the mental lives of “split-brain” subjects. How many distinct streams of ... More


Automatic Thinking: Hypotheses, Biases, and Inductive Reasoning

Bradley E. Alger

in Defense of the Scientific Hypothesis: From Reproducibility Crisis to Big Data

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190881481
eISBN:
9780190093761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190881481.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter introduces the role of “automatic thinking,” in hypothesis formation. Automatic thinking refers to the default operations of our mind that affect how we view and understand the world. ... More


Corpus Callosum: Mike Gazzaniga, the Cal Tech Lab, and Subsequent Research on the Corpus Callosum

Mitchell Glickstein and Giovanni Berlucchi

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter, the authors pay tribute to Mike Gazzaniga, who graduated from Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, and pioneered human split-brain research along with Roger W. Sperry and ... More


Interhemispheric Cooperation Following Brain Bisection

Steven A. Hillyard

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Mike Gazzaniga, along with his colleagues Roger W. Sperry and Joseph Bogen, revealed that the two separate mental systems, one in each hemisphere, were created by the surgical bisection of the ... More


From the Integrated Mind to the Emotional Brain

Joseph LeDoux

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0063
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter briefly mentions how the book The Integrated Mind came to be published and explores further the regulation of emotional expressions in the brain. The author mentions that The Integrated ... More


Mike’s Attentional Network

Alan Kingstone

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the attentional mechanism of the disconnected hemispheres. Jeffrey D. Holtzman, who conducted numerous attention studies on split-brain patients, found that a common ... More


My Dinner with Mike

Michael B. Miller and Scott A. Guerin

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0082
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores whether the disconnection of hemispheres had any impact on the mind. When each of the disconnected hemispheres analyzed in isolation led to the discovery of the classic ... More


The Politics of Cerebral Asymmetry and Racial Difference

Michael E. Staub

in The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell Curve

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469643595
eISBN:
9781469643618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643595.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Split-brain theorizing became the lingua franca of the 1970s and 1980s, with the left hemisphere considered the seat of rationality and language while the right hemisphere housed intuition and ... More


Mysteries in the Cranium

Marcello Massimini and Giulio Tononi

in Sizing up Consciousness: Towards an objective measure of the capacity for experience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198728443
eISBN:
9780191841828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728443.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter exposes a series of fundamental paradoxes about the relationships between consciousness and the brain—why does the cortex support consciousness, but not the cerebellum, which has four ... More


Hemispheric Specialization, Art, and Aesthetics

Dahlia W. Zaidel

in Art, Aesthetics, and the Brain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199670000
eISBN:
9780191793479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670000.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Interest in brain and art gained momentum when findings on the complete commissurotomy (“split-brain”) patients in Roger Sperry’s laboratory at Caltech started to appear in the scientific literature. ... More


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