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The Split-Brain Syndrome

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The received view within psychology and philosophy is that the split‐brain (commissurotomy) procedure leads to a breakdown in the unity of consciousness. Disunity models of the split‐brain can be ... More


Michael S. Gazzaniga

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Michael S. Gazzaniga carried out original studies of human brain laterality and function in split-brain patients, work that has rich implications for consciousness, free will, and the self. He ... More


The Unity of Consciousness

Tim Bayne

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

One of the features of consciousness that has been largely overlooked in recent treatments of the topic is its unity. What is the unity of consciousness? To what degree might consciousness be ... More


Being in Two Minds

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the breakdown of unity and continuity shown by people with split brains, the case where two centres of consciousness in one body work separately but simultaneously. It continues ... More


Roger W. Sperry and Rita Levi-Montalcini: From Neural Growth to “Split Brains”

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Roger W. Sperry earned a reputation for his ability to design critical experiments that demanded looking at the growing and functioning nervous system in new ways. Sperry's most important discoveries ... More


Partial Unity of Consciousness:: A Preliminary Defense

Elizabeth Schechter

in Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027786
eISBN:
9780262319270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027786.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The debate about the unity of consciousness in split-brain subjects has for the most part been pitched between two positions: that a split-brain subject has a single, unified stream of consciousness, ... More


Perception without Awareness

Fred Dretske

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If psychologists can, as they say, really identify perception (of an object) without awareness (of that object), they must have a reasonably clear operational grasp of what perception and awareness ... More


Altogether Now—Not! Integration Theories of Consciousness and Pathologies of Disunity

Robert Van Gulick

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Robert Van Gulick explains how integration and unity play an important role in a number of current theories and models of consciousness. Normal consciousness is unified in a variety of ways but many ... More


The Politics of Cerebral Asymmetry and Racial Difference

Michael E. Staub

in The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell Curve

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469643595
eISBN:
9781469643618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643595.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Split-brain theorizing became the lingua franca of the 1970s and 1980s, with the left hemisphere considered the seat of rationality and language while the right hemisphere housed intuition and ... More


Two brains—my life in science

Michael S. Gazzaniga

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at developments in the split-brain studies during the past fifty years from a personal perspective. It describes experiments in split-brain research and the discovery of the ... More


Brain modularity: towards a philosophy of conscious experience

Michael S. Gazzaniga

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter deals with functional neurological models as the brain basis of consciousness. Here, the chapter asks whether there is anything about brain organization that tells about consciousness. ... More


The Unity Puzzle

Elizabeth Schechter

in Self-Consciousness and "Split" Brains: The Minds' I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809654
eISBN:
9780191846922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809654.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the major philosophical debate about the split-brain phenomenon. Split-brain surgery severs the major white matter fiber tract connecting the two cerebral hemispheres. A ... More


Do We Really Need Another Theory of Consciousness?

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Conscious Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195314595
eISBN:
9780199979059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314595.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter critically surveys some of the leading philosophical and scientific theories of consciousness. The philosophical theories include dualism, representationalism, and higher-order accounts. ... More


Why can’t I control my brain? Aspects of conscious experience

MICHAEL S. GAZZANIGA

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Humans have a specialized system that carries out interpretative synthesis, and it is located in the brain’s left hemisphere. The author calls this the ‘interpreter’: a system that seeks explanations ... More


How Many Minds?

Elizabeth Schechter

in Self-Consciousness and "Split" Brains: The Minds' I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809654
eISBN:
9780191846922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809654.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The previous chapters argued that within a split-brain subject there are two subjects of conscious experience and intentional agents, R and L. This chapter explains who these two thinking beings are ... More


The Mental Transparency Assumption

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and discusses the assumption that minds are transparent to themselves (in a way that they aren't, of course, transparent to other people). Some such assumption has been ... More


Bodies and Being One

Elizabeth Schechter

in Self-Consciousness and "Split" Brains: The Minds' I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809654
eISBN:
9780191846922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809654.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter concerns the relationship between the split-brain case and the non-split case. In the first half of the chapter, I consider arguments to the effect that if split-brain subjects have two ... More


Composite Subjectivity in Organisms, Organs, and Organizations

Luke Roelofs

in Combining Minds: How to Think about Composite Subjectivity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190859053
eISBN:
9780190859084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859053.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter looks at four potential cases of mental combination, to examine what the theory sketched in the previous chapter might say about them. It starts with the “Nation-Brain” thought ... More


Mike’s Attentional Network

Alan Kingstone

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the attentional mechanism of the disconnected hemispheres. Jeffrey D. Holtzman, who conducted numerous attention studies on split-brain patients, found that a common ... More


From the Integrated Mind to the Emotional Brain

Joseph LeDoux

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0063
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter briefly mentions how the book The Integrated Mind came to be published and explores further the regulation of emotional expressions in the brain. The author mentions that The Integrated ... More


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