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Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides a cognitive scientific perspective to beliefs about supernatural agents. First, human intuitions about agents, agency, and counterintuitive concepts are outlined and explained. ... More


Summoning the Spirits

Susan Starr Sered

in Priestess, Mother, Sacred Sister: Religions Dominated by Women

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195104677
eISBN:
9780199853267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104677.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Possession trance is a pivotal component in the majority of women's religions. In nine out of the twelve women's religions cited in this book, possession trance occurs either frequently or ... More


What Is Candomblé?

Paul Christopher Johnson

in Secrets, Gossip, and Gods: The Transformation of Brazilian Candomblé

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150582
eISBN:
9780199834358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150589.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Here, the religion of Candomblé is described. Candomblé is presented as a relatively stable system of meanings and practices. Johnson maps out the contour lines along which variations occur, the ... More


Mimesis

Anne Storch

in Secret Manipulations: Language and Context in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199768974
eISBN:
9780199914425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768974.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Here, spirit languages are presented that contribute to perfect imitations and mimetic interpretations of foreigners, dominant groups, etc., by their speakers. Mimesis is also an interesting strategy ... More


Spirit Possessions and Avenging Ghosts: Stories of Supernatural Activity as Narratives of Terror and Mechanisms of Coping and Remembering

Veena Das, Arthur Kleinman, Margaret Lock, Mamphela Ramphele, and Pamela Reynolds

in Remaking a World: Violence, Social Suffering, and Recovery

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223295
eISBN:
9780520924857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223295.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter deals with two interrelated issues related to supernatural activity. It first describes and places in perspective the appearance of certain narratives that illustrate two different ... More


Trance Mediums and New Media: Spirit Possession in the Age of Technical Reproduction

Heike Behrend, Anja Dreschke, and Martin Zillinger (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823253807
eISBN:
9780823260966
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823253807.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This volume explores the interferences of trance mediums and new technical media to add a new perspective to the ongoing debates on the “renaissance of the religious” which has been challenging ... More


Possession and Transformation

Robert M. Torrance

in The Spiritual Quest: Transcendence in Myth, Religion, and Science

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520081321
eISBN:
9780520920163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520081321.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The literature of spirit possession repeatedly emphasizes the contrast between the convulsive spasms of the disoriented novice and the controlled trances of the authoritative medium who is no longer, ... More


Spectral Possession

Nancy Mandeville Caciola

in Afterlives: The Return of the Dead in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702617
eISBN:
9781501703478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702617.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the occurrences of spirit possession in Italy and Portugal. Belief in ghostly possession was an ancient idea that is traced to classical Roman paganism. However, the form in ... More


The Possessed and the Dispossessed: Spirits, Identity, and Power in a Madagascar Migrant Town

Lesley Sharp

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520080010
eISBN:
9780520918450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520080010.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This finely drawn portrait of a complex, polycultural urban community in Madagascar emphasizes the role of spirit medium healers, a group heretofore seen as having little power, and whom, the book ... More


How Ngoma Works: Of Codes and Consciousness

John M. Janzen

in Ngoma: Discourses of Healing in Central and Southern Africa

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520072657
eISBN:
9780520910850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520072657.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter seeks to understand how knowledge is constructed and used. It then covers the application of several academic analytic evaluations of ngoma, including the role of metaphor shaping, of ... More


Secret Manipulations: Language and Context in Africa

Anne Storch

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199768974
eISBN:
9780199914425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768974.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book deals with a specific form of language change: deliberate manipulations of a language by its speakers. These manipulations are based and depending on cultural and social contexts, they are ... More


Virtual Agency: When people project action to imaginary agents, they create virtual agents, apparent sources of their own action. This process underlies spirit possession and dissociative identity disorder as well as the formation of the agent self.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the experience of losing the authorship of one's action to an imagined agent. This transformation is sufficiently bizarre that it has been something of an obsession in both the ... More


Presence: The Work and Workings of Ḥāẓirī

Carla Bellamy

in The Powerful Ephemeral: Everyday Healing in an Ambiguously Islamic Place

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262805
eISBN:
9780520950450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262805.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter studies the complicated concept of the hāzirī, a central practice at Husain Tekrī. The hāzirī has both narrative and nonnarrative aspects, and is the medium where pilgrims are granted ... More


The final reformation

Lionel Laborie

in Enlightening Enthusiasm: Prophecy and religious experience in early eighteenth-century England

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719089886
eISBN:
9781526104007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089886.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 3 explores the French Prophets’ system of beliefs against the backdrop of contemporary denominations in an attempt to understand their spiritual appeal to an English audience. It explores ... More


Possession and the Bride: Emotions, the Elusive Phantom of Social Theory

Kalpana Ram

in Fertile Disorder: Spirit Possession and Its Provocation of the Modern

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836306
eISBN:
9780824871307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836306.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the phenomenology of emotions associated with spirit possession from the perspective of social theory by focusing on the case of Vijaya, a young bride from the coastal village ... More


Spaces of Refusal: Photophobic Spirits and the Technical Medium of Photography

Heike Behrend

in Trance Mediums and New Media: Spirit Possession in the Age of Technical Reproduction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823253807
eISBN:
9780823260966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823253807.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the West, photography and spirit, far from being opposites, have been seen as peculiarly analogous and adapted to one another. Since the beginning of spirit photography in the 1860s, the camera, ... More


Tragic Spirits: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia

Manduhai Buyandelger

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226086552
eISBN:
9780226013091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013091.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

When state socialism collapsed in Mongolia and the chaos of neoliberal “shock therapy” took hold, like most other herders throughout the country, the ethnic nomadic Buryats were left without means of ... More


From Abyssinia to Cairo: The Zar Ritual Complex

Hager El Hadidi

in Zar: Spirit Possession, Music, and Healing Rituals in Egypt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789774166976
eISBN:
9781617978135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166976.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

This chapter traces the history and origins of zar in order to elucidate how it migrated with Abyssinian slavery in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to Egypt. It lays the basis for ... More


You Can’t Talk behind the Holy Spirit’s Back: Christianity and Changing Language Ideologies in a Papua New Guinea Society

Joel Robbins

in Consequences of Contact: Language Ideologies and Sociocultural Transformations in Pacific Societies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195324983
eISBN:
9780199869398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324983.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter begins with the claim that language ideologies stand in complex relationships to ideologies of material exchange. It argues that in Melanesia, contemporary changes in language ideology ... More


Introduction

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

in Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140996
eISBN:
9780199834747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140990.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The introduction looks at the posthumous salvation of non‐Christians in the nineteenth‐century American context as practiced by Shakers and Latter‐day Saints (a.k.a. Mormons), in order to set the ... More


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