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Concepts in Spin Electronics

Sadamichi Maekawa (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nowadays, information technology is based on semiconductor and ferromagnetic materials. Information processing and computation are performed using electron charge in semiconductor transistors and ... More


Formal means

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter elucidates various mathematical formulas. Based on expressions for Gaussian integrals in one and many dimensions, the methods of stationary phase and steepest descent are deduced, ... More


Quantum Physics in One Dimension

Thierry Giamarchi

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525004
eISBN:
9780191711909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525004.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents correlated systems in one dimension. Recent progress in nanotechnology and material research has made one-dimensional systems a crucial part of today's physics. After an ... More


SPIN SUSCEPTIBILITY AND NMR

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the contributions of superconducting fluctuations to the spin susceptibility and the NMR relaxation rate. It is shown that for both these effects, the interplay of different ... More


REMARKS ON THE EDWARDS–ANDERSON PAPER

P. W. Anderson

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents a brief history of the inspirations and ideas behind the famous seminal spin glass paper of Edwards and Anderson, together with some of the further work it stimulated.


Bipolar spintronics

Igor Žutić and Jaroslav Fabian

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

By incorporating spin-dependent properties and magnetism in semiconductor structures, new applications can be considered which go beyond magnetoresistive effects based on metallic systems. ... More


Information, Physics, and Computation

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book presents a unified approach to a rich and rapidly evolving research domain at the interface between statistical physics, theoretical computer science/discrete mathematics, and ... More


Short-Range Spin Glasses: Some Basic Questions

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter discusses short-range spin glasses. It considers realistic spin glass models, in particular the Edwards–Anderson (EA) model. Both the EA and the Sherrington–Kirkpatrick (SK) models are ... More


Spin injection and spin transport in hybrid nanostructures

S. Takahashi, H. Imamura, and S. Maekawa

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the basics of spin injection and spin transport in magnetic nanohybrid structures. Particular emphasis is placed on the nonlocal spin transport in a spin injection and ... More


Quantum Hall systems: Braid groups, composite fermions and fractional charge

Lucjan Jacak, Piotr Sitko, Konrad Wieczorek, and Arkadiusz Wójs

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528708
eISBN:
9780191713477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528708.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book presents the wide range of topics in two-dimensional physics of quantum Hall systems, especially fractional quantum Hall states. It starts with the fundamental problems of quantum statistics ... More


Spin Glasses and Complexity

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Spin glasses are disordered magnetic systems that have led to the development of mathematical tools with an array of real-world applications, from airline scheduling to neural networks. This book ... More


Statistical Physics of Spin Glasses and Information Processing: An Introduction

Hidetoshi Nishimori

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509417
eISBN:
9780191709081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509417.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Spin glasses are magnetic materials with strong disorder. Statistical mechanics has been a powerful tool to theoretically analyse various unique properties of spin glasses. A number of new analytical ... More


f o u r f o u r The Conversion to Newton

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s studies from 1754 to 1757, the application of his dynamic perspectives to fire, tides, the Earth’s rotation, climate, winds, and earthquakes. Section 1 surveys the ... More


NUCLEAR AND MOLECULAR INTERACTIONS IN FREE MOLECULES

Norman F. Ramsey

in Molecular Beams

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520214
eISBN:
9780191706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520214.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the interactions of different components with each other. The magnetic moment of one nucleus in a molecule can interact directly with the magnetic field from another nucleus in ... More


The open innovation model: Implications for innovation in Japan

Henry W. Chesbrough

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter explores the implications of the transition from closed to open innovation over the past two decades, which Japanese companies have been relatively late to address. Examples of the fate ... More


Anatomy of Cluster Development: Emergence and Convergence in the US Human Biotherapeutics, 1976–2003

Elaine Romanelli and Maryann Feldman

in Cluster Genesis: Technology-Based Industrial Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207183
eISBN:
9780191708886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter examines the spatial and temporal dimension of a variety of forms of entrepreneurship across cities in the United States in the human biotherapeutics. The first finding is that clusters ... More


Optical phenomena in magnetic semiconductors

H. Munekata

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on the manipulation of ferromagnetism by the band-to-band optical excitation in III-V-based magnetic alloy semiconductors (III-V-MAS). This class of semiconductor materials ... More


Black Hole Spin

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the spin of a black hole. The spin is usually described as a nondimensional parameter, which can range from zero (a nonspinning black hole) to one (a situation described as ... More


MODERN TRENDS IN SEMICONDUCTOR SPINTRONICS

Emmanuel I. Rashba

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the fundamentals of semiconductor spintronics and recent developments in this field. In order to manipulate and control the electron spin, such methods as electrical spin ... More


 Network Analysis of the Significance of Hippocampal Subfields

Gergely Papp and Alessandro Treves

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the evolutionary changes in the mammalian nervous system that distinguished it from reptilians and birds. It then discusses differentiation of the hippocampus ... More


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