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Entrepreneurship as Creative Construction

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that entrepreneurship makes a unique contribution to economic growth by permeating the knowledge filter and ... More


IPR and Catch‐Up: The Case of Taiwan's IC Industry

Hsueh‐Liang Wu, Yi‐Chia Chiu, and Ting‐Lin Lee

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter illustrates how the changing roles of intellectual property right regime affected the technological catch‐up of Taiwan, analyzing the case of three semiconductor‐related sectors: IC ... More


Political Leadership in the European Commission: The Santer and Prodi Commissions, 1995–2005

Michelle Cini

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Expectations of the Commission's ability to provide leadership derived from its treaty functions, the cultivated spillover from them, and the Hallstein and Delors presidencies. Its functions of ... More


Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Public policy spanning a broad range of contexts, ranging from the European Union, to states, cities, and local communities around the globe has turned to entrepreneurship to provide the engine for ... More


Toward a European Social Policy—At Last?

Bruno Palier and Philippe Pochet

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The achievements in European social policy are generally considered weak at best. The European Union’s apparent liberal and supply-side bias lends credence to the idea of a convergence towards the ... More


Policy Evaluations

Michael Marsh

in The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296607
eISBN:
9780191599620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296606.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Spillover explanations of the progress of European integration are examined within the context of the attitudes of political elites. In particular, the linkage between perceptions of past success and ... More


University Spillovers and Entrepreneurial Location

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter asks whether the Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship also has a spatial component in that the startups tend to cluster within geographic proximity to knowledge sources. It ... More


Why Do Countries Repay Their Debts?

Jerome Roos

in Why Not Default?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691180106
eISBN:
9780691184937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180106.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

The striking puzzle at the heart of international lending has long been known as the “enforcement problem” of cross-border debt contracts: clearly there is some kind of cross-border enforcement at ... More


Supranational Delegation and National Judicial Review since the 1960s

Peter L. Lindseth

in Power and Legitimacy: Reconciling Europe and the Nation-State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195390148
eISBN:
9780199866397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390148.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the effort to translate the judicial dimension of the postwar constitutional settlement into supranational form. The chapter initially summarizes the critical role played by ... More


Knowledge, Globalization, and Regions: An Economist's Perspective

David B. Audretsch

in Regions, Globalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250011
eISBN:
9780191596216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250014.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The issues involving the links between the geography of economic activity and the emergence of the knowledge‐based economy addressed in the first chapter are examined in more detail in seven main ... More


Programmes, Principles, and Policies

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

in Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

Issue linkage and consequent spillover have been characteristic of the development of European Union environmental policy. In addition to the logic of spillover, however, it has also been seen that a ... More


Stereotype Threat Spillover: The Short- and Long-term Effects of Coping with Threats to Social Identity

Michael Inzlicht, Alexa M. Tullett, and Jennifer N. Gutsell

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experiencing prejudice has consequences. When people feel like they are being judged by a negative stereotype about their group, they perform poorly in the domain in which the stereotype applies—a ... More


Systematic Approaches to Program Evaluation and Evaluation Metrics

Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

in Public Goods, Public Gains: Calculating the Social Benefits of Public R&D

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199729685
eISBN:
9780199894697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199729685.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Four alternative approaches to program evaluation are discussed: the traditional Griliches/Mansfield method, the counterfactual method, the spillover method, and non-economic based methods. Each is ... More


Technologies for the Integration of Manufacturing Applications

Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

in Public Goods, Public Gains: Calculating the Social Benefits of Public R&D

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199729685
eISBN:
9780199894697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199729685.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Technologies for the Integration of Manufacturing Applications was a focused research program funded by the Advanced Technology Program. The goals of the publicly-funded privately-performed research ... More


Maximum versus Minimum Harmonization: Choosing between Unity and Diversity in the Search for the Soul of the Internal Market

Stephen Weatherill

in From Single Market to Economic Union: Essays in Memory of John A. Usher

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695706
eISBN:
9780191741302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695706.003.0010
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter takes a look at the debate surrounding the proper model of harmonization to select with regards to the consumer law field. It first studies consumer protection in the EU's legislation, ... More


Disease Constituencies

Rachel Kahn Best

in Common Enemies: Disease Campaigns in America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190918408
eISBN:
9780190918446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190918408.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

In the second half of the twentieth century, disease advocacy evolved from universal campaigns to patients’ constituencies. Changes in the experience of health and illness and the nationwide ... More


Performance of Foreign Firms

Sea-Jin Chang

in Multinational Firms in China: Entry Strategies, Competition, and Firm Performance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199687077
eISBN:
9780191766923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687077.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Chapter 5 considers the performance of foreign multinationals vis-à-vis local firms in terms of survival and profitability. In contrast to earlier concerns that FDI might negatively affect domestic ... More


Banking System Stability: A Cross-Atlantic Perspective

Philipp Hartmann, Stefan Straetmans, and Casper G. de Vries

in The Risks of Financial Institutions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092850
eISBN:
9780226092980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092980.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter reports the measures of the size of systematic relationships among United States and euro-area banks. It also describes how to evaluate banking system risk. The risk of multivariate ... More


Childhood experiences, educational attainment and adult labour market performance

Paul Gregg and Stephen Machin

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition): What do we know?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342539
eISBN:
9781447301738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter looks at what can be said about the kinds of associations between childhood factors and adult earnings, by drawing on the data from two British birth cohorts were born sometime in March ... More


Beyond dispersal: the role of animal movement in modern agricultural landscapes

Henrik G. Smith, Klaus Birkhofer, Yann Clough, Johan Ekroos, Ola Olsson, and Maj Rundlöf

in Animal Movement Across Scales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199677184
eISBN:
9780191785696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677184.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

In this chapter three major concepts relating animal population dynamics to landscape change mediated by animal mobility are outlined: meta-population/community dynamics (affecting many habitat ... More


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