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The Special Theory of Relativity and the Unreality of the Future

Michael Tooley

in Time, Tense, and Causation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the Special Theory of Relativity, there is no such thing as absolute simultaneity, contrary to the view defended in the book. However, this chapter demonstrates that the Special Theory ... More


The Speed of Light

David M. Wittman

in The Elements of Relativity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199658633
eISBN:
9780191863653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199658633.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

You have probably heard that nothing can go faster than the speed of light. In this chapter, we will see that the speed of light is even more remarkable: it is the same in all frames. From this ... More


Effective Theory Of Superfluidity

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses how the effective theory incorporates the low-energy dynamics of the superfluid vacuum and the dynamics of the system of quasiparticles in Bose liquids. The effective theory of ... More


The Seventeenth-Century Response

A. Mark Smith

in From Sight to Light: The Passage from Ancient to Modern Optics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174761
eISBN:
9780226174938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174938.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The ways in which the Keplerian turn discussed in the previous chapter manifested itself during the seventeenth century is the subject of this chapter, which examines three particular developments ... More


Einstein: The Great Clarification

John C. H. Spence

in Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

The confused state of theoretical physics in 1900 and the great unresolved issues are summarized, one of which led to the birth of quantum mechanics, and the other to relativity. How it seemed ... More


Cosmological Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Inductive cosmological arguments are prima facie more promising for the natural theologian than deductive arguments, such as the Kalam cosmological argument, which is not sound. In the cosmological ... More


The Third Analogy: Interaction

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a detailed analysis and a critique of Kant’s attempt in the Third Analogy to prove that all substances stand in relations of causal reciprocity. It discusses implications of ... More


Einstein’s Derivation of E=mc2: The Equivalence of Mass and Energy

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Hamiltonian mechanics did not rid the structure of its dependence on Newton’s absolute space and time. And Maxwell’s electrodynamics demanded an ether that could not be found, no matter how hard the ... More


Introduction

John C. H. Spence

in Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

This book tells the human story of one of mankind’s greatest intellectual adventures - how we understood that light travels at a finite speed, so that when we look up at the stars we are looking back ... More


Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

This book tells the human story of one of mankind’s greatest intellectual adventures—how we understood that light travels at a finite speed, so that when we look up at the stars we are looking back ... More


Time Skew

David M. Wittman

in The Elements of Relativity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199658633
eISBN:
9780191863653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199658633.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explores one major consequence of the invariance of c: events that are simultaneous in one frame are not necessarily simultaneous in other frames.We will find that the time coordinates ... More


The Bothersome Question of Units⋆

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Converting units is a pain. Celsius, Kelvin, and degrees Farenheit; feet, fathoms, and meters, American dollars and British pounds are examples. Physicists attempt to simplify units at maximum. Thus ... More


Objective images of time

George Jaroszkiewicz

in Images of Time: Mind, Science, Reality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198718062
eISBN:
9780191787553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718062.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physical factors that contribute to our conventional view of time. This includes the role of sunlight and how it helps create the visual appearance of the world around us. ... More


Ole Roemer, Who Started It All

John C. H. Spence

in Lightspeed: The Ghostly Aether and the Race to Measure the Speed of Light

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841968
eISBN:
9780191878084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841968.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

The story of the first measurement of the speed of light by Ole Roemer in 1676. Galileo had discovered the moons of Jupiter with his new telescope, and proposed using observations of their eclipse ... More


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