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Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Ulrike Heuer and Gerald Lang (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises eleven chapters which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929–2003). Various themes of ... More


Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Jerome H. Barkow (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Sociologists and social and cultural anthropologists have largely missed a major intellectual revolution of our time: the application to our own species of the Darwinian framework that has been ... More


Animal welfare: Philosophy meets science

Larry Carbone

in What Animals Want: Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161960
eISBN:
9780199790067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161960.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter presents select influential philosophical approaches to animal welfare, to see how they have and how they could enlighten animal welfare policy. Topics discussed include the concept of ... More


The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Paul Waldau

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This is a study of the ways in which animals have been viewed in the Buddhist and Christian religious traditions. The concept of speciesism is used to explore basic questions about which animals, ... More


Eating Meat and Eating People

Cora Diamond

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter presents commentaries on Peter Singer's approach to animal rights. It contends that Singer's attack on ‘speciesism’ mischaracterises the moral issues at stake and contends that if people ... More


Animals as Objects, or Subjects, of Rights

Richard A. Epstein

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter focuses on the two conceptions of animals: as objects and as subjects. It examines the historical rules that comprised the law of animals and which set the backdrop for the modern ... More


Martha C. Nussbaum: Human Capabilities, Female Human Beings

Susan Wolf

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Wolf endorses Martha Nussbaum's stance and offers constructive criticism of some of its ambiguities and complications. Wolf's caveats point out that (1) Nussbaum's discussion of ‘human beings’ (as ... More


Exclusion and the Concept of Speciesism

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Focuses on the origin, history, and conceptual structure of “speciesism”. The central question asked is whether the notion of speciesism, under which inclusion of all humans within the purview of ... More


Criticisms of Speciesism

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Criticisms of “speciesism” by various philosophers are engaged to provide a test for assessing limitations of the notion generally. Analogies of speciesism to racism and sexism are evaluated. The ... More


Animal Minds

Donna Yarri

in The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195181791
eISBN:
9780199835744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181794.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The question of animal minds is a central one in the debate on the ethical treatment of animals in general, and on the issue of animal experimentation in particular. This chapter argues that animals ... More


Discrimination, Partial Concern, and Arbitrariness

Gerald Lang

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Drawing on some of Bernard Williams's work, especially his essays ‘The Idea of Equality’ and ‘The Human Prejudice’, this chapter argues that ‘speciesism’ is very unlike racism or sexism, and that ... More


On Self‐Defence and Utilitarian Calculations: Democritus of Abdera and Hermarchus of Mytilene

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter looks at the idea that some beasts threaten human well being, while others are conducive towards it. The views of Hermarchus on the need to wage war on the undesirable creatures, and to ... More


Mental Deficiency, Breakdown, and Insanity

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the condition of the insane adult. It explores the scope of the condition that persons are rational beings. It looks at the sort of moral and practical stance appropriate to ... More


The Animal Question: Why Non-Human Animals Deserve Human Rights

Paola Cavalieri

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143805
eISBN:
9780199833122
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143809.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What we call moral progress can for the most part be seen as the history of the replacement of hierarchical visions in favor of equality. Yet, we currently use nonhuman animals as means to our ends – ... More


Introduction: Sometimes the Bus Does Wait

Jerome H. Barkow

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Sociology and social-cultural anthropology have trailed other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences in engaging with the evolution revolution. This is in part because of the horrific ... More


Speciesism

Paola Cavalieri

in The Animal Question: Why Non-Human Animals Deserve Human Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143805
eISBN:
9780199833122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143809.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Despite bioethical discussions of its moral irrelevance, membership in the species Homo sapiens is still appealed to as a criterion for access to superior moral status. Along the lines of the authors ... More


Response to Commentaries

Stuart J. Youngner

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0048
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When scholars grant wisdom to their own emotions, they become advocates (political or religious) pushing some cause or another. Dr. Mills gives us no way of deciding which emotions should be given ... More


Reasons and Reactions

Roger Teichmann

in Nature, Reason, and the Good Life: Ethics for Human Beings

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606177
eISBN:
9780191729461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Reasons for action are elicited by such a question as, ‘Why are you doing that?’, the rationale for which depends on the context in which it is asked. Contexts of enquiry have for their background a ... More


Introduction: Wildlife and Criminology

Angus Nurse and Tanya Wyatt

in Wildlife Criminology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529204346
eISBN:
9781529204384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529204346.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter defines wildlife criminology as a criminology concerned not only with wildlife trafficking, but considers criminological perspectives on animals and wildlife within a broader context. ... More


Wildlife as Food

Angus Nurse and Tanya Wyatt

in Wildlife Criminology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529204346
eISBN:
9781529204384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529204346.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter further explores the theme of wildlife as human property and exploitable natural resource with an examination of the sale and exploitation of wildlife for food. Wildlife as food is a ... More


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