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Forest structure and composition

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes methods that can be used to characterize communities of tree species based on a field survey, focusing on the methods that are most commonly used today. Information is also ... More


The Ecology of Exotic Birds in Novel Locations

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers how exotic birds interact with native species, and how they serve to re-shape global biodiversity patterns. Both exotic and native species are distributed unevenly across the ... More


Mammal Species Richness in Africa

Peter Andrews and Eileen M. O’Brien

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0047
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The distribution and diversity of mammals across Africa have long been attributed to differences in vegetation or climate. In southern Africa, variability in woody plant species richness alone ... More


The Role of Location in Establishment Success

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter reviews the influence of the recipient location on the probability of establishment success in exotic birds. This subject is another that has a long history within invasion ecology ... More


Ant Conservation: Current Status and a Call to Action

Leeanne E. Alonso

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Given the ecological importance of ants, effective conservation of this taxon is critical. Particular efforts are needed to protect ants that are endemic, threatened, habitat specialists, dependent ... More


Biodiversity and biogeography of deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although there is a common perception that deserts support few species, some deserts have high local diversity, largely because organisms are able to exploit patches of high productivity. This ... More


The conservation biologist's toolbox – principles for the design and analysis of conservation studies

Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook, discuss measures of biodiversity patterns followed by an overview of experimental design and associated statistical paradigms. Conservation ... More


Community ecology meets epidemiology: the case of Lyme disease

Richard Ostfeld, Felicia Keesing, and Katheleen Lo Giudice

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

A single case of Lyme disease involves at least six species: the human patient, the bacterial pathogen, the tick vector, and a vertebrate host for each of the three blood-feeding life stages of the ... More


Major Biogeographic and Phylogenetic Patterns

James S. Albert, Paulo Petry, and Roberto E. Reis

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268685
eISBN:
9780520948501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268685.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes the major patterns of biodiversity and biogeography in Neotropical freshwaters. It describes latitudinal and altitudinal gradients in species richness and species-area ... More


Bird diversity survey methods

Colin J. Bibby

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The chapter focuses on the design and methods of bird survey programmes. It deals with issues such as survey design and selection of study areas, effect of time of day and time of year on counts, how ... More


Observed Patterns of Global Biodiversity

Boris Worm and Derek P. Tittensor

in A Theory of Global Biodiversity (MPB-60)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691154831
eISBN:
9781400890231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154831.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes and synthesizes known biodiversity patterns, and analyzes them for congruency over space and time. The discussion is limited to macroecological patterns at continental to ... More


Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients

Sean R. Connolly

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The practice of attributing geographical variation in species richness to coincident variation in environmental conditions has a long history. In the marine realm, species richness gradients have ... More


Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Lars Werdelin (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This volume is a comprehensive review of the African mammalian fossil record over the past 65 million years. The book includes current taxonomic and systematic revisions of all African mammal taxa, ... More


Drivers and Predictors of Global Biodiversity

Boris Worm and Derek P. Tittensor

in A Theory of Global Biodiversity (MPB-60)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691154831
eISBN:
9781400890231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154831.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the driving factors that may cause global patterns of biodiversity to exist. The goal is to confront published hypotheses about putative drivers of diversity with comprehensive ... More


Species Richness and Cladal Diversity

James S. Albert, Henry J. Bart, and Roberto E. Reis

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268685
eISBN:
9780520948501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268685.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes relationships between species richness and cladal diversity in the two largest regional ichthyofaunas of the Americas: the Amazon and Mississippi superbasins. It explains that ... More


Conclusion

Steven L. Chown and Sue W. Nicolson

in Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter integrates the major conclusions from the book. It focuses on how much is known about variation in insect physiology from the phylogenetic and geographic perspectives, raising the issue ... More


Conservation Applications

Boris Worm and Derek P. Tittensor

in A Theory of Global Biodiversity (MPB-60)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691154831
eISBN:
9781400890231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154831.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the following question: How can our knowledge of global biodiversity patterns and our understanding of underlying processes and drivers help us to apprehend, project, and ... More


The analysis of biodiversity–ecosystem function experiments: partitioning richness and density-dependent effects

Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi and Elena Maggi

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines a biodiversity-ecosystem function experiment, which includes the manipulation of algal richness and abundance in factorial combinations, using mixed-effect models. It also ... More


Nestedness and Assembly Rules

Martin L. Cody

in Plants on Islands: Diversity and Dynamics on a Continental Archipelago

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247291
eISBN:
9780520932722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247291.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the measurement and meaning of nestedness in species-by-sites matrices (SSMs) and SSM analysis of assembly rules. Species occurrences over a range of sites are represented in ... More


Herbaceous Layer Species Richness of Southeastern Forests and Woodlands: Patterns and Causes

Robert K. Peet, Kyle A. Palmquist, and Samantha M. Tessel

in The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199837656
eISBN:
9780190267865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines species richness patterns in the herbaceous layer vegetation of forests and woodlands of southeastern North America. It demonstrates the changing importance of various drivers ... More


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