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Speciation and Geographic Differentiation

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of speciation in adaptive radiation of anoles and then examines the geographical context of anole speciation, beginning by discussing the mechanistic approaches to the ... More


Why Red?: The Evolution of Color Display

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are a number primary models for why males in bird species like the House Finch evolved bright feather coloration: the Fisherian model of sexual selection, the honest advertisement model, the ... More


Meet the Anoles!

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces anoles, describing their diagnostic characteristics and geographic distribution, as well as species diversity. Anoles are characterized by the possession of a dewlap and of ... More


Species of Decapoda (Crustacea) in the Fossil Record: Patterns, Problems, and Progress

Carrie E. Schweitzer and Rodney M. Feldmann

in Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226377445
eISBN:
9780226377582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226377582.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

Although the definition of species in the fossil record has been well understood for half a century and is generally congruent with the definition of extant species, both based primarily on ... More


Sexual Selection

David W. Pfennig and Karin S. Pfennig

in Evolution's Wedge: Competition and the Origins of Diversity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520274181
eISBN:
9780520954045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274181.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Character displacement can affect sexual selection by generating shifts in an organism's phenotype or in the habitat in which mating takes place. Character displacement also alters the underlying ... More


Mitonuclear mate choice

Geoffrey E. Hill

in Mitonuclear Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198818250
eISBN:
9780191859465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818250.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

At each new generation, sexual reproduction creates new combinations of nuclear and mitochondrial genes, and the potential arises for mitonuclear incompatibilities and reduced fitness. Sexual ... More


Variation in Advertisement Calls of Anurans across Zonal Interactions: The Evolution and Breakdown of Homogamy

Murray J. Littlejohn

in Geographic Variation in Behavior: Perspectives on Evolutionary Mechanisms

Published in print:
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082951
eISBN:
9780197560440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082951.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The allopatric mode of speciation has become a dominant paradigm (sensu Kuhn 1970) in evolutionary biology over the last 50 years (Mayr 1942, 1992). In this model, the geographic range of a species ... More


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