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Biodiversity, Distributions, and Extinction

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function and stability. This subject is currently one of the most intensely studied topics in ecology. It is also of ... More


Biodiversity and aquatic food webs

Helmut Hillebrand and Jonathan B. Shurin

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Biodiversity in freshwater food webs can be considered in terms of the number of species occupying unique trophic positions or the number of species within a trophic position. Either can affect ... More


Landscape Effects on Community Structure and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecological communities consist of species that interact to varying degrees within the same geographical area, and so by definition exist within a landscape context. This chapter begins by reviewing ... More


Linking ecosystem and parasite ecology

Michel Loreau, Jacques Roy, and David Tilman

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Community ecology and ecosystem ecology provide different perspectives on ecological systems, and have followed increasingly divergent pathways for decades. Recent theoretical and experimental work ... More


Bird diversity survey methods

Colin J. Bibby

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The chapter focuses on the design and methods of bird survey programmes. It deals with issues such as survey design and selection of study areas, effect of time of day and time of year on counts, how ... More


Food-web theory provides guidelines for marine conservation

Enric Sala and George Sugihara

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine conservation priorities have been established mostly on the basis of species and habitat diversity, but little attention has been paid to food web diversity. Ecologists are aware of the ... More


Responses of Phytoplankton Communities to climate Variability

Andrea Belgrano, Mauricio Lima, Nils Chr. Stenseth, and Odd Lindahl

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents a general statistical approach to studying changes in phytoplankton species abundance in relation to climate variability. It then applies this method to an example where changes ... More


Disturbance and Diversity in Low-Productivity Ecosystems

Hugh D. Safford and Chris R. Mallek

in Serpentine: The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268357
eISBN:
9780520948457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268357.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Given the great differences in productivity between serpentine and nonserpentine habitats, coupled with the heightened presence of endemics and species of conservation concern in the former, it would ... More


Community Succession, Assembly, and Biodiversity

Jonathan M. Chase and Mathew A. Leibold

in Ecological Niches: Linking Classical and Contemporary Approaches

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226101798
eISBN:
9780226101811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101811.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter uses the species sorting process discussed in Chapter 7 to illuminate several processes of interest to community ecologists. Specifically, it discusses how species composition varies ... More


Biodiversity and invasive species

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Disturbance alters biodiversity directly by removing species and their functions or by altering their rates of reproduction or mortality. Indirect effects include altering species interactions, ... More


Climate Change and the Resilience of Coral Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan and Joshua E. Cinner

in Adapting to a Changing Environment: Confronting the Consequences of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199754489
eISBN:
9780199918843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754489.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter is a short introduction to the concepts of adaptation to environmental stress, followed by a review of climate change effect son coral reefs, and the environmental factors that cause ... More


The Question of Diversity

Megan Raby

in American Tropics: The Caribbean Roots of Biodiversity Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635606
eISBN:
9781469635613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635606.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Tracing the fieldwork and ideas of Robert H. MacArthur, Howard T. Odum, and Theodosius Dobzhansky, chapter 4 examines the post­World War II rise of efforts to capture the complexity of tropical ... More


Biogeography

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the geographical distribution of plants and animals within the region. Tropical East Asia is defined as the eastern half of the Oriental Region and the other biogeographical ... More


Productivity, dynamic stability, and species richness

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter takes a look at the energetically based food web processes that can explain the observed relationship between net primary productivity and species diversity. It looks first at ... More


The Bat Fauna of Costa Rica’s Reserva Natural Absoluta Cabo Blanco and Its Implications for Bat Conservation: La Fauna De MurciéLagos En La Reserva Natural Absoluta Cabo Blanco (Costa Rica) Y Sus Implicaciones En La ConservacióN De La Quiropterofauna

Robert M. Timm and Deedra K. McClearn

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter initiates a multiyear survey of bats in the reserve and the adjacent Refugio de Vida Silvestre Cueva Los Murciélagos to quantify species diversity, abundances, habitat use, seasonality, ... More


Biodiversity and Biogeography of Deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Productivity–diversity relationships have been well studied in some deserts and have helped us to understand the factors controlling ecosystem function at a large spatial scale. Studies of ... More


The Pacific Coastal and Marine Ecosystems

Jorge Cortés

in Costa Rican Ecosystems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226121505
eISBN:
9780226121642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226121642.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Costa Rica’s situation on the Central American Isthmus between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans produces a great deal of species diversity within and between the various ecosystems. This chapter ... More


Spaces of Diversity in Diverse Spaces

Paul Street

in Law and Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260744
eISBN:
9780191698675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260744.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

It is asserted that biodiversity can be understood only when it is set as a collection of continuous social processes. As such, this chapter draws attention to sites that account for cultural ... More


Potemkin Gardens: Biodiversity in Small Designed Landscapes

Martin F. Quigley

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although species diversity may be a useful shorthand for addressing ecosystem health and function in relatively circumscribed areas, plant species richness and its effect in small designed landscapes ... More


Biogeography

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199681341
eISBN:
9780191789175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681341.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter deals with the geographical distribution of plants and animals within the region. Tropical East Asia is defined as the eastern half of the Oriental Region, and the other tropical ... More


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