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A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

A. H. Halsey

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Literary claims to ownership of the third culture of sociology are considered and the rise of scientific method traced. The institutional history is summarized from the establishment of a chair of ... More


Co-movement of Spreads: Fundamentals or Investor Behavior?

Paolo Mauro, Nathan Sussman, and Yishay Yafeh

in Emerging Markets and Financial Globalization: Sovereign Bond Spreads in 1870-1913 and Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199272693
eISBN:
9780191603488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272697.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on co-movement of spreads across different countries, and on the frequency of crises shared by more than one country — contagion. Overall, co-movement of spreads among emerging ... More


From Neighborhoods to Nations: The Economics of Social Interactions

Yannis M. Ioannides

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691126852
eISBN:
9781400845385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691126852.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Just as we learn from, influence, and are influenced by others, our social interactions drive economic growth in cities, regions, and nations—determining where households live, how children learn, ... More


Analyzing Functional and Effective Connectivity with fMRI

Klaas Enno Stephan and Karl J. Friston

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Functional neuroimaging techniques, e.g. positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and neurophysiological methods, e.g. electroencephalography (EEG) and ... More


Modernization Dreams and Public Policy Reform

Helen Margetts

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter does not attempt to verify the validity of the claims made for modernization, nor to develop the ‘theory of modernization’, but rather to discern from them analytically some meaning of ... More


Institutional Variation and Coordination Patterns in CMEs: Swiss and German Corporate Governance in Comparison

Alexander Börsch

in Beyond Varieties of Capitalism: Conflict, Contradictions, and Complementarities in the European Economy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199206483
eISBN:
9780191709715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206483.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter explores differences in the coordination mechanisms of coordinated market economies (CMEs). The VoCs perspective argues that national institutions, which are linked through ... More


Alternative pathways to competitiveness within CMEs: the subsector specialization argument

Steven Casper

in Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Coordinated market economies such as Germany or Sweden do not have appropriate institutional infrastructures to sustain large numbers of radically innovative firms. However, alternative strategies to ... More


Pollination Syndromes—The Evidence

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The concept of the pollination syndrome has underlain much of floral biology for many years. This chapter assesses the usefulness of the concept in understanding flowers and flowering. It begins by ... More


An Experiment of Flexible Specialization in Cyprus

Chrisanthi Avgerou

in Information Systems and Global Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263424
eISBN:
9780191714252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263424.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines a ten-year effort to reform the furniture manufacturing sector of Cyprus, according to the industrial model of flexible specialization. The reform initiative involved the ... More


Being a Professional: Problems and Promises

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter addresses the domain of the professional, taking seriously the notion that the professional is personal, in addition to being social, political, and ethical. The chapter traces the ... More


Invasive Exotic Plant-Bee Interactions

Karen Goodell

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the interactions between exotic invasive plants focusing on the following questions: How do bees contribute to invasive plant establishment and spread? How do resident bee ... More


Specificity of Skills and Reallocation

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses implications, from a European perspective, of the theory concerning the specificity of skill acquisition. It also discusses how institutions such as those giving employment ... More


Evolutionary Novelties: The Origin of Homologs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evolutionary processes that led to the origin of body parts, with particular emphasis on the concept of “novelties.” It first considers the distinction between the evolution ... More


Consensus, Benign Neglect, and Specialized Knowledge: Spanish Intellectuals and Europe *

Carlos Closa and Antonio Barroso

in European Stories: Intellectual Debates on Europe in National Contexts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594627
eISBN:
9780191595738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594627.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Theory

Carlos Closa and Antonio Barroso show that Spanish intellectuals have long shown a “benign neglect” towards the EU and European integration. As a result of the link established between ... More


The Optical Building Blocks of Eyes

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the optical building blocks of eyes. Irrespective of their optical specializations, all eyes have one thing in common: they collect and absorb light arriving from different ... More


Late Medieval Greek (11th–15th c. AD): the dominance of a single AVC

Theodore Markopoulos

in The Future in Greek: From Ancient to Medieval

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539857
eISBN:
9780191716317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539857.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This bulky chapter is devoted to the examination of Late Medieval Greek (11th–15th c. AD), the first period after late antiquity which provides us with material in a “vernacular” variety of Greek. ... More


Social Change in the Late Middle Ages

Bas van Bavel

in Manors and Markets: Economy and Society in the Low Countries 500-1600

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278664
eISBN:
9780191707032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278664.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The rise of market exchange, and the related competition, was the main dynamic force of the later Middle Ages and the motor behind social changes. This chapter shows how its force was refracted by ... More


The Economy in the Late Middle Ages: Agriculture and Industries

Bas van Bavel

in Manors and Markets: Economy and Society in the Low Countries 500-1600

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278664
eISBN:
9780191707032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278664.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Increasing population pressure and the growth of markets transformed agriculture. Specialization for the market greatly increased, but it took different forms per region. Some saw the rise of ... More


Types of Flower Visitors: Syndromes, Constancy, and Effectiveness

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines pollination syndromes, floral constancy, and pollinator effectiveness. Flowers show enormous adaptive radiation, but the same kind of flower reappears by convergent evolution in ... More


Pollination by Birds

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on pollination by birds. Bird pollination, or ornithophily, is a widespread phenomenon. Many common birds visit flowers by biting through or piercing their corollas, notably tits ... More


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