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Lesson #1: Safeguarding Science

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that current financial conflict‐of‐interest (COI) policies are severely limited in their ability to prevent powerful interest groups from hijacking university research. It ... More


Bias and Democracy

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter surveys the many kinds of political bias. These include special interest bias, “knowledge falsification” by the majority, innate majoritarian bias, status quo bias, cultural cognition ... More


Introduction

Vineeta Yadav

in Political Parties, Business Groups, and Corruption in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735907
eISBN:
9780199894789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735907.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces the concepts and the structure employed by this book to address three questions on corruption: Why do some developing democracies experience much higher levels of corruption ... More


Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Pollution kills hundreds of thousands of people annually. This book shows why this environmental epidemic continues. Campaign contributors, lobbyists, and special interests often control information ... More


Formulating Foreign Policy in a Factocracy

Lawrence Davidson

in Foreign Policy, Inc.: Privatizing America's National Interest

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125244
eISBN:
9780813135021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125244.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter suggests that the American political system is a factocracy, a democracy not of individuals but of competing interest groups or factions. Using their collective resources, factions are ... More


Barriers to Trade in Services 1

Panagiotis Delimatsis

in International Trade in Services and Domestic Regulations: Necessity, Transparency, and Regulatory Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533152
eISBN:
9780191714528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533152.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter reviews trade policy in services, which serves to introduce the reader not only to the peculiar role of domestic regulations in services trade, but also to the need to tackle the adverse ... More


Conclusion

Lawrence Davidson

in Foreign Policy, Inc.: Privatizing America's National Interest

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125244
eISBN:
9780813135021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125244.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

History has shown that American foreign policy influenced by the power of special interest groups has often lead to disaster, as in the case of the Vietnam War and the invasion of Iraq. Yet the ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


How Copyright Has Been Captured and Why It Matters

Christina Bohannan and Herbert Hovenkamp

in Creation without Restraint: Promoting Liberty and Rivalry in Innovation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199738830
eISBN:
9780199932702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738830.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Competition Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter introduces the problem of special-interest influence and overbreadth in copyright law. Clearly Congress is stuck. Over the past few decades it has tended to listen only to rights holders ... More


The Factocracy Diversifies

Lawrence Davidson

in Foreign Policy, Inc.: Privatizing America's National Interest

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125244
eISBN:
9780813135021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125244.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines several ethnic and ideological lobby groups and how they work to influence the country's foreign policy. These groups include the American Friends of Vietnam, which stood for ... More


For the Many or the Few: The Initiative, Public Policy, and American Democracy

John G. Matsusaka

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226510811
eISBN:
9780226510873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226510873.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Direct democracy is alive and well in the United States. Citizens are increasingly using initiatives and referendums to take the law into their own hands, overriding their elected officials to set ... More


For the Many or the Few

in For the Many or the Few: The Initiative, Public Policy, and American Democracy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226510811
eISBN:
9780226510873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226510873.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter takes up the central question of the book: Does the initiative benefit the many or the few? In several ways, the initiative has changed tax and spending policies in the states over the ... More


Dewey Defeats Truman

Simon Topping

in Lincoln's Lost Legacy: Republican Party and the African American Vote, 1928–1952

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032283
eISBN:
9780813038971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032283.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

As the election of 1948 and the prospect of the Truman defeat approached, the Republicans gained a confidence that made them believe that the 1948 presidential election would be theirs. This chapter ... More


Regulation at the centre of government: the Ministerial Code

David Hine and Gillian Peele

in The regulation of standards in British public life: Doing the right thing?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780719097133
eISBN:
9781526109873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097133.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The chapter examines the Ministerial Code and its antecedents, and explores recent efforts to shift aspects of the Code away from the Prime Minister’s exclusive hands: towards Parliament for content, ... More


Interest-Group Goals

in Lobbying for Inclusion: Rights Politics and the Making of Immigration Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804751759
eISBN:
9780804767750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804751759.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the policy preferences of various of interest groups as revealed in contests over immigration policy after passage of the Hart Cellar Act in 1965. Some groups are concerned ... More


Is Tax Reform Good for Business? Is a Pro-business Tax Policy Good for America?

Joel Slemrod

in Fundamental Tax Reform: Issues, Choices, and Implications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042475
eISBN:
9780262271707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042475.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines whether tax reform is good for business and whether a tax reform that is good for business is also good for the country. It looks at official positions of various business ... More


Latin American Currency Policy, 1970–2010

Jeffry A. Frieden

in Currency Politics: The Political Economy of Exchange Rate Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173849
eISBN:
9781400865345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173849.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter gives an overview of Latin American currency policy since the collapse of the Bretton Woods monetary order in the early 1970s and provides a statistical analysis of exchange rate ... More


Jockeying, Buck-Passing, and Double-Talk

Simon Topping

in Lincoln's Lost Legacy: Republican Party and the African American Vote, 1928–1952

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032283
eISBN:
9780813038971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032283.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

After the death of Franklin Roosevelt in April 1954, the Republican Party's hopes of regaining the African American vote, and more importantly the White House, increased and widened. Dewey was shaped ... More


Why Public Funding?

Michael G. Miller

in Subsidizing Democracy: How Public Funding Changes Elections and How It Can Work in the Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452277
eISBN:
9780801469527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452277.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers the objectives of public financing in America and how it shapes the behavior of candidates and voters. Elections in America today are expensive, and the high price of running ... More


Committed to Victory: The Kentucky Home Front During World War II

Richard E. Holl

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813165639
eISBN:
9780813166674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165639.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Manufacture of arms and munitions for the American military became a high priority for Kentucky companies after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Supervised by federal agencies such as the Office ... More


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