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DETECTORS FOR SYNCHROTRON TOMOGRAPHY

Heinz Graafsma and Thierry Martin

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Efforts are underway to optimize two-dimensional X-ray detectors, which have become a standard at synchrotron sources for practically all applications including tomography. Area detectors can be ... More


Spatial Discretizations

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter considers two ways of employing a spatial resolution that varies with position within a finite-difference method: using a nonuniform grid and mapping to a new coordinate variable. It ... More


Concepts of spatial resolution

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Various methods have been proposed for generation of images by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). However, only the variants of the Fourier technique are used on a routine basis in clinical imaging. ... More


Spatial and temporal resolution in fMRI

Ravi S. Menon and Bradley G. Goodyear

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter addresses the limitations imposed by the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique and suggests some strategies to improve spatial and temporal resolution. It begins with ... More


Motion Encoding in Language and Space

Mila Vulchanova and Emile van der Zee (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661213
eISBN:
9780191745348
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661213.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

This volume in the Explorations in Language and Space series contains a unique collection of chapters on the way in which motion is encoded in language. Although the way in which people encode motion ... More


Intracellular Calcium Control Mechanisms in Glia

Maria Luisa Cotrina and Maiken Nedergaard

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Glial cells rely on calcium ions to display a large variety of signaling capabilities inside the cell and among neighboring cells. These calcium activities are key to regulating not only the growth ... More


Selection of the optimal pulse sequence for functional MRI

Peter A. Bandettini

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter assists the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) user in making an informed decision regarding the choice of functional MRI pulse sequence, and presents the pulse sequence ... More


Vision

Graham R. Martin

in The Sensory Ecology of Birds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199694532
eISBN:
9780191839979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694532.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Vision is the primary source of information about the environments in which birds live. But vision is not ‘all-seeing’; it is subject to many constraints, trade-offs, and compromises. Furthermore, ... More


Neutorn powder diffraction

Richard M. Ibberson and William I.F. David

in Structure Determination from Powder Diffraction Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205530
eISBN:
9780191718076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205530.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

There is an old adage in powder diffraction that ‘neutrons’ are for structure refinement only, whilst X-rays are for structure determination. This chapter reviews the technique of neutron powder ... More


The signal

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Whatever brain imaging method is used, it is essential to understand the nature of the measurement that is taken. Positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) ... More


Introduction

Emile van der Zee and Mila Vulchanova

in Motion Encoding in Language and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661213
eISBN:
9780191745348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661213.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter lays the foundation for the collection of chapters included in the current volume. It addresses the importance of studying motion encoding in spatial language and how it has been ... More


Imaging inflammation in the brain

Richard B. Banati

in Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter evaluates the different techniques for imaging of brain inflammation. The findings suggest that the spatial resolution of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is relatively poor and ... More


Introduction

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Neurons and their interactions give rise to the bewildering complexity that underlies our perceptions, memories, intentions and emotions. This chapter describes the relationship of single neuron ... More


The Visual Presence of Determinable Properties

James Stazicker

in Phenomenal Presence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199666416
eISBN:
9780191858284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199666416.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and defends a way of understanding the idea that properties of things, such as their shapes and colours, are visually present to a subject of experience. One central challenge ... More


Birds Underwater: A Paucity of Information

Graham R. Martin

in The Sensory Ecology of Birds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199694532
eISBN:
9780191839979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694532.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Entering beneath the water surface produces a radical change in perceptual challenges. The eye is no longer able to focus adequately and, with increasing depth, light levels decrease and the spectral ... More


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