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Computational Models of the Spatial and Mnemonic Functions of the Hippocampus

Burgess Neil

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The use of computational models has been invaluable for exploring the link between neurons and behavior, enabling hypothetical mechanisms to be defined precisely and examined quantitatively. This ... More


A Theory of Referendum Behaviour

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter lays out a theoretical framework for understanding referendum behaviour. The core component of the theory is a model of voting behaviour, which outlines how attitudes shape vote choices, ... More


Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities

Leslie A. Real and James E. Childs

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

As new species invade novel geographic regions, they have the propensity to reorganize multi-species community interactions. The expansion of the rabies virus in Europe and across the eastern United ... More


Spatial Dynamics of Political Competition

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter sets up the core problem of the present volume. To demonstrate that this problem is analytically intractable, it uses results from a subfield of geometry that deals with “Voronoi ... More


Regional Output Differences in International Perspective

Ravi Kanbur and Anthony J. Venables

in Spatial Inequality and Development

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199278633
eISBN:
9780191602191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278636.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Accurate regional estimates of output are desired as an indicator of level of development and as a variable used to explain internal migration, demand patterns, fertility and other aspects of ... More


Spatial Inequality and Development

Ravi Kanbur and Anthony J. Venables (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199278633
eISBN:
9780191602191
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278636.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Drawing on data from 25 countries from all regions of the world, this book addresses questions that have become very important in recent years, as the spatial dimensions of inequality have begun to ... More


Spillovers, Subdivisions, and Flows: Questioning the Usefulness of ‘Bounded Container’ as the Dominant Spatial Metaphor in Demography

John W. Adams and Alice B. Kasakoff

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Foundational ‘bounded container’ models of demography do not allow for spillovers or subdivisions, and hence yield misleading statistical means. Four other spatial models are presented; a space of ... More


Models of Extraterritorial Application

Marko Milanovic

in Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights Treaties: Law, Principles, and Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199696208
eISBN:
9780191729805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696208.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter concludes the interpretative inquiry into the meaning of the jurisdiction clauses, and elaborates on the several possible models of extraterritorial application of human rights treaties. ... More


Mean Voter Representation Versus Partisan Constituency Representation: Do Parties Respond to the Mean Voter Position or to Their Supporters?

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Do political parties respond to shifts in the preferences of their supporters or to the mean voter position? Cross‐national analyses – based on observations from Eurobarometer surveys and parties' ... More


Statistical Methods in Spatial Epidemiology

Samson Y. Gebreab

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190843496
eISBN:
9780190843533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843496.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Most studies evaluating relationships between neighborhood characteristics and health neglect to examine and account for the spatial dependency across neighborhoods, that is, how neighboring areas ... More


Are Moderate Parties Rewarded in Multiparty Systems?

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Are moderate parties rewarded in multiparty systems? Cross‐national analyses estimate the vote shares for approximately eighty parties across twelve Western European democracies. The results indicate ... More


Introduction: Scope of the Book and Applications

Ludwig Fahrmeir and Thomas Kneib

in Bayesian Smoothing and Regression for Longitudinal, Spatial and Event History Data

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199533022
eISBN:
9780191728501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533022.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of semiparametric regression covering generalized linear models, generalized additive models, semiparametric mixed models, and spatial regression ... More


Parties' Policy Programs and the Dog that Did not Bark: No Evidence that Proportional Systems Promote Extreme Party Positioning

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

There is extensive theoretical research that explores the linkages between parties' policy positions, on the one hand, and the characteristics of the political system (i.e., voting rules and the ... More


Proximity and Votes for Mainstream and Niche Parties

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Cross‐sectional analyses of parties' vote shares in twelve Western European democracies are presented, which produce two central findings. The first is that parties, in general, gain more vote shares ... More


Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought

Markus Knauff

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018654
eISBN:
9780262313643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Many scholars believe that visual mental imagery plays a key role in reasoning. The following chapters in this book argues against this view, proposing that visual images are not relevant for ... More


Explaining the Myth of Thinking in Pictures

Markus Knauff

in Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018654
eISBN:
9780262313643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the interaction of visual images and spatial layout models in reasoning and shows how these two are affected by each other. It takes a network view of the neural basis of human ... More


Indeterminacy and Preferred Layout Models

Markus Knauff

in Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018654
eISBN:
9780262313643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the problem of indeterminacy in human reasoning and provides an explanation of how the construction and manipulation of spatial layout models takes place in spatial working ... More


Population ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in population ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections, and ends ... More


Icons and Images

Philip N. Johnson-Laird

in How We Reason

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199551330
eISBN:
9780191701580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551330.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains how to make spatial inferences. It is suggested that human beings can construct internal representations of spatial layouts, and these representations are referred to as mental ... More


Reasoning and Spatial Layout Models

Markus Knauff

in Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018654
eISBN:
9780262313643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the main representational assumptions of space to reason theory. It begins by discussing a theory of reasoning developed by cognitive psychologist Philip N. Johnson-Laird and ... More


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