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Order in space: geography as a discipline in distance

Ron Johnston

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

The 1960s saw a series of major changes in geographical practice in Britain, which interacted with similar changes in North America, where they started in the mid-1950s. To some, these constituted a ... More


Spatial variation in risk

Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Timothy P. Robinson, Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers, and Archie C. A. Clements

in Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198509882
eISBN:
9780191709128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509882.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses spatial variation in risk. Epidemiological disease investigations should include an assessment of the spatial variation of disease risk, as this may provide important clues ... More


Spatial risk assessment and management of disease

Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Timothy P. Robinson, Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers, and Archie C. A. Clements

in Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198509882
eISBN:
9780191709128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509882.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the application of spatial analysis in disease management. Topics covered include spatial data in disease risk assessment, and data-driven and knowledge-driven models of ... More


Spatial Vision

Russell L. DeValois and Karen K. DeValois

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195066579
eISBN:
9780199872220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066579.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book presents an integrated view of how we perceive the spatial relations in our visual world, covering anatomical, physiological, psychophysical, and perceptual aspects. The book discusses the ... More


Spatial Analysis and National Culture

Claudio Lomnitz-Adler

in Exits from the Labyrinth: Culture and Ideology in the Mexican National Space

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520077881
eISBN:
9780520912472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520077881.003.0019
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter reports a spatial analysis of Mexican political forms. Most of the works on Mexican national culture emerged out of concern with the forms in which Mexico was or was not modernizing. The ... More


Child Sex Ratios and Their Regional Variation

Yong Cai and William Lavely

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines regional patterns of sex ratios for children aged 0 to 4 using county-level data collected by the 2000 census. Great regional disparities in sex ratios were observed among young ... More


Overview of statistical methods for disease mapping and its relationship to cluster detection

P. J Diggle

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes a theoretical framework for the analysis of spatial variation in disease risk, within which different formats of epidemiological data give rise to different statistical ... More


Clustering, cluster detection, and spatial variation in risk

J. C. Wakefield, J. E. Kelsall, and S. E. Morris

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses issues relating to, and reviews methods proposed for, cluster detection and clustering. The chapter proceeds as follows. Section 8.2 reviews of methods proposed for assessing ... More


Location, Competitiveness, and the Multinational Enterprise

Alan M. Rugman and Alain Verbeke

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241828
eISBN:
9780191596834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241821.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An overview is given of the key insights, resulting from recent international business research on the interactions between location advantages and the competitiveness of multinational enterprises ... More


Bias and confounding in spatial epidemiology

P. Elliott and J. C. Wakefield

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses some of the issues affecting the interpretation of spatial epidemiological studies. It separates the two concepts of bias and confounding. In general, bias and confounding are ... More


Health event data

A. Staines and L. Järup

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter serves as guide to those setting out to analyze large health-related datasets. It focuses on European systems, especially in the UK and the Scandinavian countries, although many of the ... More


Assessment of disease risk in relation to a pre-specified source

S. E. Morris and J. C. Wakefield

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews specific problems of the assessment of disease risk in relation to a pre-specified source. The chapter proceeds as follows. Section 9.2 provides a context for point-source ... More


Architectural Discourse and Sociocultural Structure at Los Guachimontones, Jalisco

Kimberly Sumano Ortega and Joshua D. Englehardt

in Ancient West Mexicos: Time, Space, and Diversity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813066349
eISBN:
9780813058566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066349.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Despite the importance of Los Guachimontones within the larger Teuchitlán tradition of ancient west Mexico, little is known of its socio-political organization and underlying sociocultural structure. ... More


Patterns Real and Imagined: Analyzing Sign Displays in Neighborhood Space

Todd Makse, Scott Minkoff, and Anand Sokhey

in Politics on Display: Yard Signs and the Politicization of Social Spaces

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190926311
eISBN:
9780190926359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190926311.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In this chapter, we confront the stereotype of the “yard sign war” in which the politically engaged respond to their neighbors’ displays by displaying signs of their own. Another possibility, one ... More


The Research Design: Neighborhoods in the Spotlight

Todd Makse, Scott Minkoff, and Anand Sokhey

in Politics on Display: Yard Signs and the Politicization of Social Spaces

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190926311
eISBN:
9780190926359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190926311.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In this chapter, we describe our overall research design and key methodological considerations. First, we discuss how classic community studies and subsequent works on social and contextual influence ... More


Hierarchical modelling in time series: the factor analytic approach

Gamerman Dani and Salazar Esther

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter addresses the issue of combining information from a possibly large time series with a factor analytic approach. Each combination of a time series and a factor gives rise to a weight or ... More


The use of population data in spatial epidemiology

R. A. Arnold, I. D. Diamond, and J. C. Wakefield

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the use of population counts in spatial epidemiological studies. The chapter proceeds as follows. Section 3.2 reviews data available for estimating the populations of small ... More


Interaction, Space, and Scale

Carl Knappett

in An Archaeology of Interaction: Network Perspectives on Material Culture and Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199215454
eISBN:
9780191804229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199215454.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines interaction in archaeology and the social sciences, focusing on why network approaches have only received very limited exposure in some areas. It identifies archaeologists' ... More


Deepening Our Understanding of Rights Realization through Disaggregation and Mapping: Integrating Census Data and Participatory GIS

Rimjhim Aggarwal and LaDawn Haglund

in Closing the Rights Gap: From Human Rights to Social Transformation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520283091
eISBN:
9780520958920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283091.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In this chapter, the authors explore the possibilities offered by Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in integrating diverse kinds of data at different jurisdictional levels, and mapping and ... More


The Spatial Organization of the Movement Economy: The Analysis of Ostia's Scholae*

Hanna Stöger

in Rome, Ostia, Pompeii: Movement and Space.

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199583126
eISBN:
9780191804519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199583126.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter offers insights gained from a systematic spatial analysis of the street network and guild buildings (scholae) of the city of Ostia using space syntax concepts and techniques. It begins ... More


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