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Individuality in Classical Physics

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents a summary of the history of classical statistical mechanics, emphasizing the underlying assumptions regarding particle individuality. It is argued that the relevant sense of ... More


Warps and Woofs of Einstein

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter attempts to establish ontologically some of what Einstein established in physics. Einstein was himself driven by ontological forms of argument. Seeing what might have been underneath and ... More


The Physics of Coordinate Transformations

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the physics of coordinate transformations. Topics covered include coordinatization of space-time, inertial coordinate systems, the linearity of inertial coordinate ... More


Physics for Philosophers

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses the Galilean transformations, and the Newtonian conception of space, time, and motion, essentials for understanding the Lorentz transformations and Einstein's special theory of relativity. ... More


Summing Up

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Auditory and visual perception is the construction of meaningful objects in the world. Auditory and visual information is substitutable and tradable, and both exist in a common space/time framework. ... More


The Situated Self

J. T. Ismael

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195174366
eISBN:
9780199872121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174366.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Physics reveals a world composed of events arranged in a fixed configuration, like locations on a map. But where are we ourselves, the creatures who construct the map, to be found in the world it ... More


On Multiscale Computational Mechanics with Time-Space Homogenization

P. Ladevèze, David Néron, and Jean-Charles Passieux

in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199233854
eISBN:
9780191715532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The chapter deals with multiple scales in both space and time. First, the state-of-the-art is presented. Then, we discuss a family of computational approaches using time-space homogenization. ... More


Ontic Structural Realism and the Philosophy of Physics

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines Ontic Structural Realism (OSR) and its relationship with the philosophy of physics. OSR is the view that the world has an objective modal structure that is ontologically ... More


Introduction

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The hypothesis is that space‐time is what there is. W.V. Quine's ‘abstract objects’ are rejected. What exists should play some causal role (Graham Oddie's Eleatic Principle). The nature of space‐time ... More


Making Nothing of “Almighty Space”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that one of Hume's principal objectives in his discussion of space and time is to discredit the Newtonian doctrine of absolute space and time, which had recently been given a ... More


The Impact of Theology on the Natural Sciences: The Idea of Contribution

Tapio Luoma

in Incarnation and Physics: Natural Science in the Theology of Thomas F. Torrance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151893
eISBN:
9780199834419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151895.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Torrance's claim that it is Christian theology that has provided the basis for the emergence of the modern natural sciences is another example of the idea of contribution, entertained for various ... More


A Model of the Universe: Space-Time, Probability, and Decision

Storrs McCall

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236221
eISBN:
9780191679209
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236221.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book presents a philosophical theory of the nature of the universe based on a new model of its space-time structure. The book shows how his model illuminates a broad range of subjects, including ... More


Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

Miguel Alcubierre

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199205677
eISBN:
9780191709371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book introduces the modern field of 3+1 numerical relativity. It has been written in a way as to be as self-contained as possible, and assumes a basic knowledge of special relativity. Starting ... More


Overview

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Following Einstein's brilliant 1905 work on the electrodynamics of moving bodies, and its geometrization by Minkowski which proved to be so important for the development of Einstein's general theory ... More


Mass as a Medium

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newtonian mechanics is revisited in the light of Einsteinian relativity, and the repercussions shake physics to its core. Special relativity, by placing all inertial observers on the same footing, ... More


SPACE AND TIME PROPERTIES

R. E. Raab and O. L. de Lange

in Multipole Theory in Electromagnetism: Classical, quantum, and symmetry aspects, with applications

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567271
eISBN:
9780191717970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567271.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Polar and axial vectors and tensors are defined in terms of their behaviour under coordinate transformations. The effect of the time-reversal operator on kets and matrix elements is considered, ... More


5 GW generation by post-Newtonian sources

Michele Maggiore

in Gravitational Waves: Volume 1: Theory and Experiments

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570745
eISBN:
9780191717666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570745.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses how to go beyond the limit of sources moving in flat space-time. For a self-gravitating system such as a binary star, assuming that space-time is flat means that its dynamics ... More


Places Phenomenal and Real

Austen Clark

in A Theory of Sentience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238515
eISBN:
9780191679650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238515.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Spatial discrimination, like space itself, has a curious invisibility. There is a division in the organization of sentience between features and the placing of those features. The former are at least ... More


Introduction: Non-Duality and Self-Knowledge

Christian Moevs

in The Metaphysics of Dante's Comedy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174618
eISBN:
9780199835430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174615.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the importance of Dante's metaphysics. It identifies five principles that are fundamental to grasping the world-picture Dante shared with the ... More


In Favor of Four‐Dimensionalism Part 1

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some traditional arguments for four‐dimensionalism are weak: denying four‐dimensionalism does not prohibit the application of modern logic to natural language, does not imply the A‐theory of time and ... More


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