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Species Selection, Clade Selection, and Macroevolution

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines selection at the level of species and clades. The history of the species selection debate, including its conceptual link to the idea that species are individuals, is outlined. ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Because systemic endophytes predominantly inhabit caespitose perennial grasses and seedling recruitment may be relatively scarce, understanding how infection alters the population dynamics and ... More


 Republicanism Victorious

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Until 1800, Salem was for all intents a one‐party town, the Federalists enjoying almost complete hegemony over local politics. But in 1800, the Democratic‐Republicans entered the fray with new life, ... More


Direct and Indirect Treatments

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter describes direct and indirect treatments, that is, treatments that either directly and overtly try to move the respondent in a particular direction, or that indirectly do so in a more ... More


Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Batteries and Tasks

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 6 reviews the test batteries and a multitude of specific tasks that measure attention at the cognitive level. The relative insensitivity of standardized tasks to tap subtle variations in ... More


Extraordinary Population Structure among the Baining of New Britain

Jason A. Wilder and Michael F. Hammer

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines with four unlinked loci the extent of divergence between two linguistically related Baining groups in New Britain. Although they are linguistically related and are less than 100 ... More


Community structure and dynamics

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the physical factors that help to determine the overall structure of the mangrove forest. Topics covered include species zonation, propagule sorting, physical gradients, ... More


The Peasants and the Middling Sort

HUGH M. THOMAS

in The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation, and Identity 1066-c.1220

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251230
eISBN:
9780191719134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251230.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Common people, most of who lived in the countryside, played a significant role in cultural assimilation between the Normans and the English during the medieval period. This chapter examines the ... More


The Little Republic: Masculinity and Domestic Authority in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Karen Harvey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199533848
eISBN:
9780191740978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533848.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

The relationship between men and the domestic in eighteenth-century Britain has, until now, been obscure. The Little Republic rescues the engagement of men with the house from this obscurity, better ... More


Conclusion: Oeconomy and the Reproduction of Patriarchy

Karen Harvey

in The Little Republic: Masculinity and Domestic Authority in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199533848
eISBN:
9780191740978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533848.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This concluding chapter examines the wider implications of oeconomy as a model and practice of domestic patriarchy. It explores middling‐sort men's efforts in ensuring that these practices were ... More


Personality as Manifest in Behavior: Direct Behavioral Observation Using the Revised Riverside Behavioral Q-Sort (RBQ-3.0)

R. Michael Furr, Seth A. Wagerman, and David C. Funder

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In this chapter, the authors argue for the role of behavior as part of the descriptive foundation of personality and social psychology. Such research addresses the fundamental assumption that “who ... More


Fragments of Consciousness?

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter evaluates the tenability of the unity thesis by examining the evidence for phenomenal disunity within the context of number of quite different domains. The first third of the chapter ... More


Introduction: The Pen, The Post, and The People

Susan E. Whyman

in The Pen and the People: English Letter Writers 1660-1800

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532445
eISBN:
9780191714535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532445.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

This introductory chapter shows how a culture of letters and literacy that included lower and middling-sort letter writers was created in England by 1800. It examines the epistolary tradition in ... More


Letters of the Middling Sort: Confronting Problems of Business, Religion, Gender, and Class

Susan E. Whyman

in The Pen and the People: English Letter Writers 1660-1800

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532445
eISBN:
9780191714535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532445.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter shows how middling-sort merchants, writing clerks, and dissenters used letters to work out problems regarding business, religion, gender and class. Letters of four generations of Tucker ... More


The Individual Level: Sorting Effects

Tim Krieger, Laura Renner, and Lena Schmid

in Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529202168
eISBN:
9781529209594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529202168.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter explores what drives the decision of an individual to migrate to a particular place (migrant sorting). The authors do so by studying the mechanisms, empirical evidence, and policy ... More


Visual Methods in Interviews

Cindy Dell Clark

in In A Younger Voice: Doing Child-Centered Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195376593
eISBN:
9780199865437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376593.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

Visual methods are well suited for inquiry seeking children’s views. Visual methods provide for communications attuned to even preliterate children, in turn empowering children to show what matters ... More


Stick Together and Come Back Home: Racial Sorting and the Spillover of Carceral Identity

Patrick Lopez-Aguado

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520288584
eISBN:
9780520963450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288584.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book focuses on the spillover of carceral identity into poor communities of color as a collateral consequence of mass incarceration. Analyzing fifteen months of ethnographic research in two ... More


Intrinsic Assessability

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defines intrinsic assessability and discusses non-arbitrary assessability. An account of intrinsic assessability is expected to yield an account of knowledge which will be helpful to the ... More


Earning and Spending in Eighteenth-Century London

Peter Temin and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Prometheus Shackled: Goldsmith Banks and England's Financial Revolution after 1700

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199944279
eISBN:
9780199980789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944279.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter sets the scene of the book. It does so first by going through a series of Hogarth prints—the “Rake's Progress.” We then survey the class structure of England in general and of London ... More


Necessity and Non‐Existence

Kit Fine

in Modality and Tense: Philosophical Papers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199278701
eISBN:
9780191603105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278709.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is argued that just as there is a distinction between tensed and tenseless sentences so is there a distinction between worldly and unworldly sentences. This distinction has important implications ... More


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