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The Interoceptive Pathway to the Insular Cortex: Lamina I Spinothalamic Input to the Thalamus and Cortex in Primates

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter looks at the experiments that demonstrated in monkeys and humans the unforeseen lamina I pathway to the thalamus and its subsequent projection to the interoceptive cortex. The ascending ... More


Beta-2 Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Neuromodulatory substances evoke beta2 oscillations in motor and secondary somatosensory cortex, that depend on gap junctions. In the latter case, the oscillations are only weakly dependent on ... More


Cortical reprogramming: Significance for phantom phenomena and clinical implications

Herta Flor and Caroline Koeppe

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The previous chapters showed the malleability of the adult cortex is and how it adapts to injury and environmental challenges. However, it is difficult to assess the functional significance of ... More


Neurophysiology of Hand Function

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers human hand function from a neurophysiological perspective and begins by highlighting several areas of controversy in this research area. The structure and function of the ... More


Michael M. Merzenich

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Michael Merzenich has conducted studies defining the functional organization of the auditory and somatosensory nervous systems. Initial models of a commercially successful cochlear implant (now ... More


Mapping the Brain

Alan J. McComas

in Sherrington's Loom: An Introduction to the Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190936549
eISBN:
9780190936570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936549.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter turns to the next period in the history of brain studies. It follows up on the previous chapter’s discussion by pinpointing where exactly in the nervous system that consciousness takes ... More


Body and Qualia

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

How are the resting state activity’s prephenomenal structures transformed into a full-blown phenomenal state during stimulus-induced activity? The central stimuli input are interoceptive stimuli from ... More


Gradients of Cortical Plasticity

Joaquin M. Fuster

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes some conventional wisdom with regard to cortical plasticity and discusses evidence of active memory in primary sensory cortex. It suggests that conventional wisdom is still ... More


Affective and Social Touch

India Morrison

in Positive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199977925
eISBN:
9780190608972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977925.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A crucial question for the growing field of affective touch neuroscience is: Could affective touch be a special kind of touch, complete with its own neural mechanisms? This chapter summarizes recent ... More


Locating Qualia: Do They Reside in the Brain or in the Body and the World?

Christopher S. Hill

in Meaning, Mind, and Knowledge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199665822
eISBN:
9780191766336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665822.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The arguments in ‘OW!’ indicate that we should adopt a perceptual model of awareness of pain, and identify pains with peripheral disturbances involving stress or damage. But the correlations between ... More


Benjamin Libet’s Big Experiment

Alan J. McComas

in Sherrington's Loom: An Introduction to the Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190936549
eISBN:
9780190936570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936549.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter describes Benjamin Libet’s finding that electrical activity in the brain precedes conscious awareness. Libet’s work had shown that, no matter how brief it was, a sensory stimulus evoked ... More


The Nature of Pain and the Appearance/Reality Distinction

Michael Tye

in Phenomenal Qualities: Sense, Perception, and Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198712718
eISBN:
9780191781049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712718.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Pains are experiences that represent tissue damage. Pains vary in how they feel; and this seems tied in part to variations in qualities of the represented tissue damage. However, if this is all that ... More


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