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Personhood in a Neurobiological Age

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the neurobiological self. It argues that the emerging neuroscientific understandings of selfhood are unlikely to efface modern human beings' understanding of themselves as ... More


Clonality within the Individual

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although clonality is often discussed in reference to whole organisms, the phenomenon also applies to (and is underlain by) genetic processes operating within each individual. All forms of clonal ... More


The influence of meditation versus rest on physiological arousal: a second examination

David S. Holmes

in The Psychology of Meditation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521945
eISBN:
9780191688478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521945.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents a review of research on somatic arousal reduction during meditation. Here the chapter takes a look at the evidence and comes to conclusions which ... More


Asymmetry

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The lateralization of function in the brain is neither unique to humans nor specifically tied to the presence of complex language or other “higher level” functions. In fact, asymmetry is a feature of ... More


 Visceral and Somatic Frames of Mind

Don M. Tucker

in Mind from Body: Experience from neural science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195316988
eISBN:
9780199786848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316988.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Once both the exquisite connectional architecture representing memory and the dynamic neurophysiological process that brings it to life are understood, we can begin to appreciate memory's ... More


Genetics, Cloning, and Stem Cell Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to research on human genetics and embryonic stem cells. It covers such topics as genetic engineering of animals and ... More


Probing Neural Correlates of Cue Integration

Christopher A. Buneo, Gregory Apker, and Ying Shi

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neural correlates of cue integration in two distinct neural systems (one perceptual, the other sensorimotor), both in nonhuman primates. The first involves structures involved ... More


Visceral and decision-making functions of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex

Nasir Naqvi, Daniel Tranel, and Antoine Bechara

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) in autonomic functions and decision-making, with an emphasis on data from humans with VMPFC lesions. The somatic marker ... More


The nature of emotion

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a definition of emotion as states elicited by rewards and punishers, that is, by instrumental reinforcers. A theory of emotion is put forward which includes categories of ... More


Interneuronal Variability: Plasticity and Regulation

Ivan Soltesz

in Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter shows that somatic mutations in the brain may be more frequent than previously believed, and they may result in substantial alterations in synaptic functions involved in learning and ... More


Emotion, Decision Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex

Daniel Tranel

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the role of the orbital prefrontal cortex in behavior, with emphasis on the involvement of the ventromedial prefrontal (VMPF) lobe in emotions and decision making. It focuses ... More


Epilogue

in Shamanic Trance in Modern Kabbalah

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226282077
eISBN:
9780226282060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226282060.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In the Middle Ages, Kabbalah perforce retained a strong connection to Neo-Aristotelean or Neo-Platonic philosophy and indeed was in many ways inseparable from these discourses. It is problematic to ... More


Reading Between the Lines or ‘le délire de la lecture’

Adam Watt

in Reading in Proust's A la recherche: 'le délire de la lecture'

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566174
eISBN:
9780191721519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566174.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, European Literature

This chapter proposes that when dealing with the errors, slips, and misprisions in reading that we so often encounter in A la recherche, rather than talking of ‘misreading’, we might more fruitfully ... More


Teaching the Graduate Seminar in Comparative Mysticism: A Participatory Integral Approach

Jorge N. Ferrer

in Teaching Mysticism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199751198
eISBN:
9780199918782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751198.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes a critical-participatory pedagogy used in a doctoral seminar on the comparative study of mysticism taught at the California Institute of Integral Studies, San Francisco. The ... More


Introduction

Marjorie Garson

in Hardy's Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122234
eISBN:
9780191671371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122234.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book offers a reading of seven novels made by Hardy as fables regarding the constitution and the dissolution of the self through illustrating how integrity and both bodily and psychic wholeness ... More


Visceral and deep somatic pain

Jennifer M.A. Laird and Hans-Georg Schaible

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Disease processes in the deep tissue such as the viscera, muscle, and joint are the most common cause of clinically relevant pain. Pain is also the major, or in some cases, the only sensation that ... More


“Hello, Dolly” Bioethics in the Media

Renée C. Fox and Judith P. Swazey

in Observing Bioethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365559
eISBN:
9780199851881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365559.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The birth of Dolly, a lamb born at the Roslin Institute in Scotland, created a wave of talk and commentaries from experts in the fields of ethics, religion, law, and medicine in 1997. Dolly was the ... More


Aging of the Genome: The dual role of DNA in life and death

Jan Vijg

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569237
eISBN:
9780191728242
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569237.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Aging has long since been ascribed to the gradual accumulation of DNA mutations in the genome of somatic cells. However, it is only recently that the necessary sophisticated technology has been ... More


Introduction: The Enigma of “Nervous Breakdown”

Janet Oppenheim

in “Shattered Nerves”: Doctors, Patients, and Depression in Victorian England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195057812
eISBN:
9780199854394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195057812.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The experience of nervous breakdown achieved a significance in Victorian culture that went far beyond the substantial interest bestowed by the medical profession on so perplexing and elusive an ... More


Nerve Tonics and Treatments

Janet Oppenheim

in “Shattered Nerves”: Doctors, Patients, and Depression in Victorian England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195057812
eISBN:
9780199854394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195057812.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

When alienists and nerve specialists set themselves to cure patients incapacitated by nervous breakdown, the treatments they designed reflected their awareness that mind and body needed to be healed ... More


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