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Animal Osmoregulation

Timothy J. Bradley

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Water is fundamental to life and to the maintenance of an appropriate environment for physiological functions at the molecular, cellular, and organismal level. Water balance is also the principal ... More


Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Ali Argon

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The strengthening of metals by a variety of means has been of interest over much of history. However, the elucidation of the actual mechanisms involved in the processes of alloying and work ... More


Approaches and Techniques

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes both analytic and measurement techniques used in the study of the environmental physiology of amphibians. The first section explores the benefits and pitfalls of utilizing ... More


The properties of water The properties of water

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Osmoregulation is a term that incorporates all the physiological processes that regulate the quantity and concentration of water in the body and in the cells of animals. The unique structural ... More


The need for, and often conflicting issues of, osmoregulation and volume regulation The need for, and often conflicting issues of, osmoregulation and volume regulation

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

If differences in the activity of water exist across a semi-permeable membrane, movement of water by osmosis will result. Cells, and indeed entire organisms, must therefore regulate the activity of ... More


Osmoconformers Osmoconformers

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

In the marine environment, the vast majority of organisms are osmoconformers, meaning that all of their bodily fluids are in osmotic equilibrium with the surrounding seawater. If the salinity of the ... More


Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals

Philip C. Withers, Christine E. Cooper, Shane K. Maloney, Francisco Bozinovic, and Ariovaldo P. Cruz Neto

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199642717
eISBN:
9780191830334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642717.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This book describes the physiology of mammals in an ecological and environmental context. It first describes the basic bauplan and history of living mammals from an evolutionary viewpoint. General ... More


Geochemical and Geophysical Constraints on Life’s Origin

David W. Deamer

in Assembling Life: How Can Life Begin on Earth and Other Habitable Planets?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646387
eISBN:
9780197559741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646387.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Bernal's quote is a bit wordy, but he was basically saying that life can be understood as a continuous chemical reaction, and I agree. Throughout this book I will be ... More


Evaluation of Methods and Uncertainties in the Chemical Budgets

James W. Labaugh, Donald C. Buso, and Gene E. Likens

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the uncertainties inherent in the water and chemical budgets of the lake in relation to the differences between chemical mass change in storage and to the balance between solute ... More


The Thermodynamic Background

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

The three laws of thermodynamics provide the theoretical basis required to master nearly all the concepts that are relevant in discussions of molecular ... More


Solvation in Supercritical Fluids

Eldred H. Chimowitz

in Introduction to Critical Phenomena in Fluids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119305
eISBN:
9780197561249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119305.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The use of supercritical fluids as solvent media is driven mainly by the need to reduce the use of organic and halogenated solvents in chemical processes. In the ... More


Proton and 19F NMR Spectroscopy of Pesticide Intermolecular Interactions

Sharon J. Anderson

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Sorption of organic pollutants by soils and sediments is one of the main chemical processes that controls pollutant migration in the environment. ... More


Solution Chemistry

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195367997
eISBN:
9780197562635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195367997.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances. It is usually made up of a solute and a solvent. Generally, Solute+Solvent = Solution A solute is any ... More


An Overview of Stochastic Tools for Modeling Transport of Tracers in Heterogeneous Media

Yoram Rubin

in Applied Stochastic Hydrogeology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195138047
eISBN:
9780197561676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195138047.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Spatial variability and the uncertainty in characterizing the flow domain play an important role in the transport of contaminants in porous media: they affect the ... More


The Lagrangian Picture, Part I : Fundamentals of the Lagrangian Approach to Solute Transport

Yoram Rubin

in Applied Stochastic Hydrogeology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195138047
eISBN:
9780197561676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195138047.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

This chapter explores the principles of the Lagrangian approach to solute transport, with an emphasis on the dispersive action of the spatial variability of the ... More


Conductor development of A-15 superconductors

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes how the bronze process, based on solid state diffusion and developed in the early 1970s, was a milestone in the conductor development of A-15 superconductors, which are highly ... More


General Physiological Principles

Philip C. Withers, Christine E. Cooper, Shane K. Maloney, Francisco Bozinovic, and Ariovaldo P. Cruz-Neto

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199642717
eISBN:
9780191830334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642717.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Chapter 2 provides a general physiological background that will be further developed in subsequent chapters for mammals in particular. It first examines the importance of scaling effects of body mass ... More


Physiological Characteristics of Mammals

Philip C. Withers, Christine E. Cooper, Shane K. Maloney, Francisco Bozinovic, and Ariovaldo P. Cruz-Neto

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199642717
eISBN:
9780191830334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642717.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the functioning of physiological systems specifically for mammals in an ecological and environmental context. Basal, activity, and field energetics are described, then ... More


Surface Tension

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I.L. Guthrie

in The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 1 — Fundamentals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729839
eISBN:
9780191796654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729839.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses theoretical equations and models for analysing the surface tension of metallic liquids. It covers semi-empirical equations for the surface tension of liquid metallic elements; ... More


Diffusion

Takamichi Iida and Roderick I.L. Guthrie

in The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 1 — Fundamentals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198729839
eISBN:
9780191796654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729839.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses theoretical equations and models for analysing diffusion in metallic liquids. It covers theoretical equations for self-diffusivity; the relationship between viscosity and ... More


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