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Continuous Structures

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

When several distinct energy scales are involved, the vacuum symmetry is different for different length scales: the larger the length scale, the more the symmetry is reduced. The interplay of ... More


Edge States and Fermion Zero Modes on Soliton

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter opens the part of the book devoted to fermions living in the core of topological objects. If fermions in bulk are fully gapped, then at low temperature they are frozen out, and only ... More


Ferroelectric liquid crystals

Robert Blinc

in Advanced Ferroelectricity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199570942
eISBN:
9780191728631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570942.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The origin of ferroelectricity in liquid crystals and the basic physical properties of the systems are briefly discussed. Special attention is paid to elementary excitations in ferroelectric liquid ... More


Optical Spatial Solitons

Guang S. He

in Nonlinear Optics and Photonics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198702764
eISBN:
9780191772368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702764.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In a self-focusing (n2 > 0) nonlinear medium and for an input laser beam with a quasi-Gaussian transverse intensity distribution, the natural (linear) beam divergence could be counterbalanced by the ... More


Self-Focusing, Self-Phase Modulation, and Spectral Self-Broadening

Guang S. He

in Nonlinear Optics and Photonics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198702764
eISBN:
9780191772368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702764.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The intense coherent light-induced refractive-index change of a nonlinear medium may lead to several effects on the incident light itself. A laser beam with a non-uniform transverse intensity ... More


Quantum Fluids of Light

Alexey V. Kavokin, Jeremy J. Baumberg, Guillaume Malpuech, and Fabrice P. Laussy

in Microcavities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198782995
eISBN:
9780191826221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782995.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In this chapter, we deal with polaritons as a “quantum fluid of light”, described by variants of the Gross–Pitaevskii equation. We discuss how interactions between flowing polaritons and a defect ... More


The Energy Critical Wave Equation in 3D

Carlos Kenig

Charles Fefferman, Alexandru D. Ionescu, D. H. Phong, and Stephen Wainger (eds)

in Advances in Analysis: The Legacy of Elias M. Stein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159416
eISBN:
9781400848935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159416.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter discusses the energy critical nonlinear wave equation in 3 space dimensions. It mainly focuses on soliton resolution for radial solutions of nonlinear waves. For a long time there has ... More


Nonlinear systems∗

Chun Wa Wong

in Introduction to Mathematical Physics: Methods & Concepts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199641390
eISBN:
9780191747786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641390.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Nonlinear systems show two very different faces: unpredictability and unusual coherence. Unpredictability is shown to arise from instabilities and bifurcations that are highly sensitive to small ... More


Frontiers of Physics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Despite the overwhelming successes of modern physics, there are questions that remain to be answered and these are considered in the final chapter. The interpretation of quantum mechanics is ... More


Nonlinear dynamics and chaos in plasmas

Abraham Bers

in Plasma Physics and Fusion Plasma Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199295784
eISBN:
9780191749063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295784.003.0029
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter continues the discussion of nonlinear dynamics in plasmas by exploring nonlinear particle interactions with coherent waves, including soliton wave-wave interactions (WWI) and chaotic ... More


To Be Continued: The Genidentity of Physical and Biological Processes

Alexandre Guay and Thomas Pradeu

in Individuals Across the Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199382514
eISBN:
9780199382538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199382514.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The concept of genidentity has been proposed as a way to better understand identity through time, especially in physics and biology. The genidentity view is utterly antisubstantialist insofar as it ... More


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