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Inmate Mental Health, Solitary Confinement, and Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot, and Brian G. Sellers

in The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195372212
eISBN:
9780199897247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372212.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter provides background on types of solitary confinement (administrative/disciplinary; short/long-term), reviews the empirical literature on inmate mental health and segregation, and ... More


Law’s Infamy: Ashker v. Governor of California and the Failures of Solitary Confinement Reform

Keramet Reiter

in Law's Infamy: Understanding the Canon of Bad Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781479812080
eISBN:
9781479812110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479812080.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Keramet Reiter looks at the use of solitary confinement in American prisons and examines the work of activists in trying to end it. She examines the case of Ashker v. Governor of California, a ... More


Solitary Confinement—From Extreme Isolation to Prison Reform

Jules Lobel and Peter Scharff Smith

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

For nearly two centuries the practice of solitary confinement has been a recurring feature in many prison systems all over the world. Solitary confinement is used for a panoply of different reasons ... More


Solitary Confinement—Effects and Practices from the Nineteenth Century until Today

Peter Scharff Smith

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter traces the history of solitary confinement practices and their effects in prisons and places of detention from the rise of the modern penitentiary in the United States and Europe during ... More


First Do No Harm: Applying the Harms-to-Benefits Patient Safety Framework to Solitary Confinement

Brie Williams and Cyrus Ahalt

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores the scientific, practical, and ethical limitations of studying the physical health effects of solitary confinement. First, the authors describe the strategies that can be used ... More


Not Isolating Isolation

Judith Resnik

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores the distinctive features of solitary confinement and the ways in which isolation is endemic in the structure of U.S. prisons. It analyze the expansion of solitary confinement, ... More


Mythbusting Solitary Confinement in Jail

Homer Venters

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Incarceration harms health, and solitary confinement provides a deadly example of this often-obscured truth. Several myths about the health risks of solitary confinement serve to stand in the way of ... More


Solitary Confinement, Loneliness, and Psychological Harm

Craig Haney

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Solitary confinement subjects prisoners to extreme forms of social isolation and social exclusion that, in turn, produce very high levels of suffering and pathology and nearly unprecedented degrees ... More


“Loneliness Is a Destroyer of Humanity”

Amy Fettig and David C. Fathi

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores how civil society advocacy campaigns working to reform and abolish solitary confinement are interacting with recent and ongoing federal litigation. The authors posit that the ... More


‘Systems of Terror’: The Scenography of Incarceration

David Francis Taylor

in Theatres of Opposition: Empire, Revolution, and Richard Brinsley Sheridan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199642847
eISBN:
9780191738869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642847.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 18th-century Literature

The final chapter looks at the relationship between, on the one hand, scenes of imprisonment in new Gothic dramas staged at Drury Lane in the 1790s and, on the other, the images of incarceration ... More


From the other side of the door: the lived experience of solitary confinement

David Polizzi

in Solitary Confinement: Lived Experiences and Ethical Implications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447337539
eISBN:
9781447337553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447337539.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The experience of solitary confinement imposes a variety of potential psychological harms for those placed in this type of isolating situation. At the core of this experience is the imposition of an ... More


Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Jules Lobel and Peter Scharff Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The use of solitary confinement in prisons became common with the rise of the modern penitentiary during the first half of the nineteenth century and his since remained a feature of many prison ... More


Beyond Dehumanization: A Posthumanist Critique of Intensive Confinement

Lisa Guenther

in Solitary Confinement: Social Death and Its Afterlives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679584
eISBN:
9781452948485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679584.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter follows the political implications of the critical phenomenology of behavior developed in Chapter 5. In particular, it compares the intensive confinement of human beings in prison with ... More


Solitary Confinement: Social Death and Its Afterlives

Lisa Guenther

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679584
eISBN:
9781452948485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679584.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book offers a critical phenomenology of solitary confinement in US prisons from the early penitentiary system to present-day supermax prisons. Drawing on first-person testimony, phenomenological ... More


Sharing Experiences of Solitary Confinement—Prisoners and Staff

Robert King, Dolores Canales, Jack Morris, and Armondo Sosa

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

A critical aspect of the movement against solitary confinement is the activism, testimony, stories and reflections of prisoners who have been subjected to these torturous conditions. This chapter ... More


Litigation to End Indeterminate Solitary Confinement in California: The Role of Interdisciplinary and Comparative Experts

Jules Lobel

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In 2012, a group of prisoners brought a class action lawsuit challenging the incarceration of hundreds of prisoners in prolonged solitary confinement of over ten years in California’s Pelican Bay ... More


The (Certain) Pains and (Uncertain) Pleasures of Solitude

Ian O’Donnell

in Prisoners, Solitude, and Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199684489
eISBN:
9780191793653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684489.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Solitary confinement is portrayed as inevitably torturous. Studies of prisoners reveal a variety of negative impacts including physiological (headaches, heart palpitations), cognitive (impaired ... More


The experience of solitary confinement: some beginning reflections

David Polizzi

in Solitary Confinement: Lived Experiences and Ethical Implications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447337539
eISBN:
9781447337553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447337539.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Anyone working within the context of the penitentiary environment will need to confront the reality of solitary confinement. Though it has been documented to cause any number of psychological harms ... More


The Supreme Court, solitary confinement, and the prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment

David Polizzi

in Solitary Confinement: Lived Experiences and Ethical Implications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447337539
eISBN:
9781447337553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447337539.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The relationship between solitary confinement and cruel and unusual punishment dates back to the mid-1880s. However, it is important to note that the Supreme Court was more concerned with the ... More


Shades of Mississippi

Garrett Felber

in Those Who Know Don't Say: The Nation of Islam, the Black Freedom Movement, and the Carceral State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781469653822
eISBN:
9781469653846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653822.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

During the 1950s and 1960s, the Nation of Islam deployed a series of tactics to fight for rights for incarcerated people. They used litigation, as well as They used direct action tactics such as ... More


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