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The Sun

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses how there are four general factors that contribute to the Sun's potential role in variations in the Earth's climate. First, the fusion processes in the solar core determine the ... More


Space Weather

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on the link between Sun and Earth generically known as space weather. This link is referred to as the occurrence in the solar corona of energetic phenomenon such as flares and ... More


Stellar winds: magnetic braking

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641741
eISBN:
9780191738609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641741.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the following: the braking of axisymmetric systems; wind theory; the structure of the poloidal field; a simple field model; the rate of braking; a digression on micro-physics; ... More


A Journey from the Sun to the Earth

Arnab Rai Choudhuri

in Nature’s Third Cycle: A Story of Sunspots

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199674756
eISBN:
9780191752469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674756.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the consequences of the sun’s magnetic fields, such as the hot corona producing the solar wind, solar flares and coronal mass ejections. The basic physics behind coronal ... More


A Magnetic Heartbeat

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

A magnetic heartbeat deep within the Sun powers the solar atmosphere to heat up to millions of degrees. The heated gas evaporates off the Sun in a fast solar wind that stretches the Sun’s magnetic ... More


Tails in the Wind

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores what comets tell us about the history of the solar system and about the Sun’s outermost atmosphere through which Earth orbits its life-sustaining star. Comets are frozen bits of ... More


Case Studies: IPP Tender Programs in SSA—Disruptive Moments or Business as Usual?

James Leigland

in Public-Private Partnerships in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Evidence-Based Critique

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198861829
eISBN:
9780191894701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861829.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter presents case studies of three recent renewable energy independent power producer (IPP) tender programs in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), in Uganda, Zambia, and South Africa. Using ... More


Prospects for Clean Renewable Energy

Robert Pollin

in Greening the Global Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028233
eISBN:
9780262322867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028233.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter shows that about one-third of total global energy supply will need to be produced by clean renewable energy sources—including solar, wind, geothermal, low-emissions bioenergy, and ... More


The Teardrop Magnetosphere

Charles F. Kennel

in Convection and Substorms: Paradigms of Magnetospheric Phenomenology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085297
eISBN:
9780197560488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085297.003.0002
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

In this chapter, we try to infer from magnetohydrodynamic reasoning and observation how the magnetosphere might look and behave if the magnetopause were inactive. ... More


Extreme Variability of Relativistic Electrons in Earth’s Outer Radiation Belt: An Overview and Recent Revelations

D. L. Turner and V. Angelopoulos

in Waves, Particles, and Storms in Geospace: A Complex Interplay

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198705246
eISBN:
9780191774416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705246.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This paper provides a brief history and general overview of observations of the extreme variability of Earth’s outer radiation belt electrons. We compare and contrast observations and theory of the ... More


Earth Magnetism

Gino Segrè and John Stack

in Unearthing Fermi's Geophysics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780226805146
eISBN:
9780226805283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226805283.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

The concept of magnetic moment is introduced, and it is shown how the Earth’s magnetic field can be interpreted as primarily due to a dipole moment located inside the Earth; its orientation with ... More


Venus

Yuk L. Yung and William B. DeMore

in Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195105018
eISBN:
9780197560990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195105018.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

Venus has been visited by a number of spacecraft. Those most important in advancing our understanding of the atmosphere include Mariner 10 (1974), Pioneer Venus (1978- 1992), and the series of ... More


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