Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 25 items

  • Keywords: solar radiation x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the factors that determine the amount of solar radiation that reaches the Earth, and which primarily controls its climate. On timescales of billion years, the Sun evolves as a ... More


Solar Radiation at the Earth

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter explores how solar radiation is the climate's fundamental energy source. It considers the solar radiance at the top of the Earth's atmosphere, its variation with location and season, and ... More


The physical limnology of high-latitude lakes

Warwick F. Vincent, Sally MacIntyre, Robert H. Spigel, and Isabelle Laurion

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The physical environment of high latitude lakes exerts a wide-ranging influence on their aquatic ecology. Certain features of Arctic and Antarctic lakes — such as prolonged ice cover and ... More


Radiation and Climate

Ilias Vardavas and Frederic Taylor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book deals with the theory of atmospheric radiation and radiation transfer, and its application to current problems related to the processes that maintain the global climate of the Earth. It ... More


Ice-based freshwater ecosystems

Ian Hawes, Clive Howard-Williams, and Andrew G. Fountain

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the physical, chemical, and biotic features of the main types of ice-based aquatic ecosystems. Dark-coloured sediments on and in ice enhance absorption of solar radiation, ... More


The Earth’s Climate System

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on solar radiation and its interaction with the terrestrial atmosphere in the context of the Earth's radiation budget and radiative forcing of climate, as well as its direct ... More


The Sun's Influence on Climate

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

The Earth's climate system depends entirely on the Sun for its energy. Solar radiation warms the atmosphere and is fundamental to atmospheric composition, while the distribution of solar heating ... More


Solar and Earth Radiation

Fred V. Brock and Scott J. Richardson

in Meteorological Measurement Systems

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195134513
eISBN:
9780197561584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195134513.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

This chapter is concerned with the measurement of solar radiation that reaches the earth’s surface and with the measurement of earth radiation, the long wave band of radiation emitted by the earth. ... More


Solar Radiation

Michael E. Mackay

in Solar Energy: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199652105
eISBN:
9780191801969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652105.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Solar radiation generated in the Sun makes its way to the Earth’s surface and the information in this chapter allows the reader to determine how much is available to any solar powered device. The ... More


Phytoplankton and primary production

Michael P. Lizotte

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The phytoplankton comprises a diverse array of photosynthetic organisms. The majority of polar lakes are classified as ultra-oligotrophic based on maximum chlorophyll concentrations. However, few ... More


Heliotropes: Solar Ecologies and Pacific Radiations

Elizabeth DeLoughrey

in Postcolonial Ecologies: Literatures of the Environment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195394429
eISBN:
9780190252809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195394429.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter explores the complex relationship between Cold War ecology and radiation, with particular emphasis on the solar metaphor—the heliotrope—and its byproduct, radiation, as traces of ... More


On Causality and Ice Age Deglaciations

Alexandre Casanovas and Vicent Gómez

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0026
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the most important of several factors that influence ice ages—solar forcing. Others, such as ocean circulation, are consequences of uneven solar radiation. The complexity of ... More


Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Jost Heintzenberg and Robert J. Charlson (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

More than half the globe is covered by visible clouds. Clouds control major parts of the Earth’s energy balance, influencing both incoming shortwave solar radiation and outgoing longwave thermal ... More


The Controversial One: Solar Radiation Management

Eelco J. Rohling

in Rebalancing Our Climate: The Future Starts Today

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197502556
eISBN:
9780197502587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502556.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter considers solar radiation management, also known as solar geoengineering, which seeks to manipulate Earth’s climate energy balance by reducing the absorption of incoming solar energy. As ... More


Climate and Hydrometeorology of the Toolik Lake Region and the Kuparuk River Basin: Past, Present, and Future

Jessica E. Cherry, Stephen J. Déry, Yiwei Cheng, Marc Stieglitz, Amy S. Jacobs, and Feifei Pan

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the Toolik climate's past, present, and future together with its surroundings within the Kuparuk River Basin. It provides an in-depth analysis of snowfall and snow cover of ... More


Global warming

in Environmental Pollution Studies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239239
eISBN:
9781846313035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239239.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses global warming as a result of the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is the mechanism whereby the sun's rays reaches the atmosphere and the gas layer allows short-wave ... More


Joseph Fourier’s Theory of Terrestrial Temperatures

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The concept of the greenhouse effect has yet to receive adequate historical attention. Although most writing ahout the subject is concerned with current scientific or policy issues, a small but ... More


T. C. Chamberlin and the Geological Agency of the Atmosphere

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The earth sciences may have experienced their most recent conceptual revolution in the 1970s with the acceptance of plate tectonics, but that was by no means their only major revolution. T. C. ... More


Global Cooling, Global Warming: Historical Dimensions

James R. Fleming

in Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780195078701
eISBN:
9780197560365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195078701.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

I have chosen to conclude these essays just as the well-known IGY was getting started. Of course, much has changed since then. There is little to gain, however, by attempting to recount the recent ... More


Interrelationships between Light and Phytoplankton in the Sea

Motoaki Kishino

in Ocean Optics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195068436
eISBN:
9780197560235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195068436.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Light energy penetrating the sea is diminished almost exponentially with depth with an accompanying drastic change in the energy spectrum as the result of absorption by various components in the ... More


View: