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Organism interactions and soil processes

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter illustrates how the activities of soil biota, especially their trophic interactions, influence the processes of decomposition and nutrient cycling, and examines the significance of this ... More


Soil Ecosystem Resilience and Recovery

Stuart A. Grandy, Jennifer M. Fraterrigo, and Sharon A. Billings

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter applies ecological theory to examine long-term soil dynamics. It develops ideas about soil recovery from disturbance as a means to guide future investigations of soil resilience as ... More


Recovery of Ecosystem Functions during Forest Regeneration

Robin L. Chazdon

in Second Growth: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117911
eISBN:
9780226118109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226118109.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines recovery of carbon and nutrient stocks and hydrological functions in regenerating tropical forests. Rates of recovery depend on many factors including soil fertility, soil ... More


Soils and open ecosystems

William J. Bond

in Open Ecosystems: ecology and evolution beyond the forest edge

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198812456
eISBN:
9780191850318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812456.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Boundaries between open and closed ecosystems often coincide with soil differences of greater or lesser degree. It has long been argued that these soil differences explain the striking differences in ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from the perspective of water, energy, and matter flows through ecosystems, particularly forests. Data from the network of eddy flux ... More


Long- and Short-Term Changes in Nutrient Availability Following Commercial Sawlog Harvest via Cable Logging

Jennifer D. Knoepp, Wayne T. Swank, and Bruce L. Haines

in Long-Term Response of a Forest Watershed Ecosystem: Clearcutting in the Southern Appalachians

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195370157
eISBN:
9780190267933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370157.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines changes in nutrient availability in Watershed 7 (WS 7) immediately following and for 22 years after harvest. Researchers measured several indices of nutrient availability and ... More


Temporal dynamics

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Disturbances disrupt ecological patterns and processes and their effects continue for some time, often until the next disturbance adds its influence. Habitats can therefore be seen as being in a ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199681341
eISBN:
9780191789175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681341.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The need to mitigate anthropogenic carbon emissions and to understand the impacts of the pervasive enrichment of natural systems with nitrogen and other nutrients has brought a new urgency to studies ... More


Desert Food Webs and Ecosystem Ecology

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Food webs in deserts are often perceived to be simple. However, deserts have simple food webs only if the animals involved are small. Deserts may also have complex interactions in their food webs, ... More


Abiotic Factors

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Abiotic factors are the primary reason for the differentiation of deserts from other ecosystems. Fundamentally, it is the low rainfall that deserts experience that differentiate them from other ... More


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