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From Agrarian Crisis to the Black Death

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the demesne farm of Wisbech Barton during the early 14th century, a period often viewed as the demographic and economic turning point of the Middle Ages. It reveals that reeves ... More


Predicting the impacts of global environmental changes on tropical forests

Simon L. Lewis, Yadvinder Malhi, and Oliver L. Phillips

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Recent observations of widespread changes in mature tropical forests such as a rise in tree growth, recruitment and mortality, and above-ground biomass, suggest that ‘global change’ agents may be ... More


Supplementing the Soil

Edward Dallam Melillo

in Strangers On Familiar Soil: Rediscovering the Chile-California Connection

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300206623
eISBN:
9780300216486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206623.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes efforts to improve the fertility of California's soils. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, nitrogen depletion in California's soils was a major concern. ... More


The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction

Han Olff and J. Grant C. Hopcraft

in Serengeti III: Human Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226760339
eISBN:
9780226760353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226760353.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter analyzes how current human population density and land use respond to environmental gradients, with an emphasis on rainfall and soil fertility, and compares this to the responses of ... More


Shifting Cultivation, Slavery, and Economic Development

John Majewski

in Modernizing a Slave Economy: The Economic Vision of the Confederate Nation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832516
eISBN:
9781469603278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882375_majewski.5
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter documents the environmental constraints that led planters and farmers to adopt shifting cultivation. Most southern soils were highly acidic and lacked key nutrients, which made it ... More


Boll Weevil Blues: Cotton, Myth, and Power in the American South

James C. Giesen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226292878
eISBN:
9780226292854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292854.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Between the 1890s and the early 1920s, the boll weevil slowly ate its way across the Cotton South from Texas to the Atlantic Ocean. At the turn of the century, some Texas counties were reporting crop ... More


The Hawaiian State Emergence Model

Robert J. Hommon

in The Ancient Hawaiian State: Origins of a Political Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199916122
eISBN:
9780199332823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916122.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses primarily on archaeological evidence of agricultural development and traditional historical evidence of escalation of coercive measures leading to statehood during Phase III ... More


Agricultural Transformation in the Savannah: Perspectives from the Village

Michael Johnson, Nazaire Houssou, Shashidhara Kolavalli, and Peter Hazell

in Ghana's Economic and Agricultural Transformation: Past Performance and Future Prospects

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845348
eISBN:
9780191880599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845348.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines how farmers have adjusted their farming practices since the 1980s, especially in response to emerging land scarcities, rising wages, and changing markets. Data was collected in ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Robert J. Hommon

in The Ancient Hawaiian State: Origins of a Political Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199916122
eISBN:
9780199332823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916122.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

This concluding chapter briefly reviews elements of the book and suggests ways the emergence model might benefit future research. Comparison of Hawaiian primary states with an array of Polynesian ... More


Constancy of Crisis

Richa Kumar

in Rethinking Revolutions: Soyabean, Choupals, and the Changing Countryside in Central India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199465330
eISBN:
9780199087013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199465330.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies, Science, Technology and Environment

The fifth chapter outlines the technological treadmill that farmers find themselves riding on when they participate in growing a monoculture crop like soyabean. Drawing upon ethnographic accounts of ... More


Production and Investment

Paul Cheney

in Cul de Sac: Patrimony, Capitalism, and Slavery in French Saint-Domingue

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226079356
eISBN:
9780226411774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226411774.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the division of labor and the process of sugar production on the plantations of Saint-Domingue. Plantations like the Ferron de la Ferronnays operation on the Cul de Sac plain ... More


The Search for Pre-Modern Wisdom

Gregory A. Barton

in The Global History of Organic Farming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Over time, the myth of the peasant origins of the organic farming movement has come to prominence amongst those who advocate organic farming methods, with the belief being that, through his writings ... More


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