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The Labyrinths of Information: Challenging the Wisdom of Systems

Claudio Ciborra

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275267
eISBN:
9780191714399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275267.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in organizations and the management of their impact has been the traditional domain of computer specialists and management consultants. The ... More


Introduction

Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter introduces the subject of in the book, namely a study of the growth of the software industry in a number of emerging economies such as India, Brazil, China, Ireland, and Israel. A review ... More


The Pilot Model and the Big ACE on the web

Benjamin Wells

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes software emulators for the Pilot ACE. The first known software emulator of the Pilot ACE was built in Visual BASIC by Donald Davies in the early 1990s. In spring 2001, two ... More


Dimensions of Economic Theory and Policy: Essays for Anjan Mukherji

Krishnendu Ghosh Dastidar, Hiranya Mukhopadhyay, and Uday Bhanu Sinha (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198073970
eISBN:
9780199081615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073970.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Anjan Mukherji, arguably one of India's most distinguished economists, is known for his research on the stability of the Walrasian tatonnement, its relation to the weak axiom of revealed preference, ... More


Computing Software Packages for Survival Analysis

Guo Shenyang

in Survival Analysis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195337518
eISBN:
9780199864256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337518.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

All commercial software packages offer procedures for survival analysis. This chapter provides an overview to highlight key issues in programming with SAS, SPSS, and Stata.


Application to Other Modern Debates

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the application of infrastructure theory to other modern debates covering Google Books, peer-to-peer file-sharing software, and open-source software.


The Accumulation of Capabilities in Indian Pharmaceuticals and Software: The Roles that Patents Did (and Did Not) Play

Bhaven N. Sampat

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses India. Following the 1972 patent law amendment that prohibited product patents in pharmaceuticals, new Indian pharmaceutical firms entered and old firms expanded, competing to ... More


The Supply of Soft Innovations

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers alternative models of the supply of soft innovations relying heavily on models of product differentiation. Existing models of product differentiated markets are adapted to ... More


How computing has changed statistics

Brian D. Ripley

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes the effects on statistical work of the massive increase in the availability of computers and in their speed and storage capacities. The questions tackled concern the use of ... More


Open, But How Much? Growth,Conflict, and Institutional Evolution in Open‐Source Communities 1

Juan Mateos-Garcia and W. Edward Steinmueller

in Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545490
eISBN:
9780191720093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545490.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

If ‘open source’ is taken as a practice employed in organizing human knowledge-related activities, it may be applied more broadly than just with software. Wherever it is used this chapter contends ... More


Constructing Capabilities in Entrepreneurial Technology Firms: A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Germany, Sweden, and the UK

Richard Whitley and Steven Casper

in Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities: The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199205172
eISBN:
9780191709555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter explores the mechanisms linking dominant institutions to distinctive business competences in Germany, Sweden, and the UK, and looks at the relative success of these mechanisms in some ... More


From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

In 1980, the Indian software industry was practically non-existent. By the 1990s, the industry was one of the largest employers in manufacturing. Similar patterns of growth can be found in other ... More


How Does Retirement Planning Software Handle Postretirement Realities?

Anna M. Rappaport and John A. Turner

in Reorienting Retirement Risk Management

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199592609
eISBN:
9780191594618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592609.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Many risks must be managed during the postretirement period. This chapter explores retirement planning software that provides individuals and advisors the opportunity to perform a range of ... More


Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Joshua M. Epstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or “agent,” is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in ... More


Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Steven Casper

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Through the 1990s and early 2000s, a strength of the United States economy has been its ability to foster large numbers of small innovative technology companies, a few of which have grown to dominate ... More


The Indian Software Industry

Suma S. Athreye

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

What accounts for the success of Indian software and what have been the main forces that have shaped the industry's evolution? The chapter identifies four stages in the growth of the industry and ... More


The Irish Software Industry

Anita Sands

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

The Irish software industry is a tale of two industries. The multinational sector — the outcome of a successful foreign direct investment (FDI) policy by the Irish government — contributed to the ... More


The Israeli Software Industry

Dan Breznitz

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter argues that the software industry in Israel evolved as a second IT industry following the successful development of the hardware sector. The main competitive advantage that enabled the ... More


Varieties of capitalism and innovation: the Silicon Valley model

Steven Casper

in Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

What is the relationship between institutional frameworks, public policy, and the governance of innovative competencies by firms? This chapter extends the varieties of capitalism theory to examine ... More


Alternative pathways to competitiveness within CMEs: the subsector specialization argument

Steven Casper

in Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Coordinated market economies such as Germany or Sweden do not have appropriate institutional infrastructures to sustain large numbers of radically innovative firms. However, alternative strategies to ... More


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