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 Urbanization and the End of Black Religion in the Modern World

Curtis J. Evans

in The Burden of Black Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328189
eISBN:
9780199870028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328189.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Sociologists, black and white, set out in the 1940s to bury residual notions of blacks as naturally religious. Innate religiosity now connoted essential racial difference and an obstacle to black ... More


1962: The Moment of Sociology

Mike Savage

in Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940: The Politics of Method

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587650
eISBN:
9780191740626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587650.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter traces the institutional rise of sociology within the academic social sciences in Great Britain during the 1960s. It shows that sociology was directly implicated in claims to modernity ... More


Sociology in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Differentiation and Establishment

Martin Bulmer

in British Sociology Seen from Without and Within

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263426
eISBN:
9780191734298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263426.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Two books, one written by Chelly Halsey (2004) and the other by Jennifer Platt (2003), raise some very stimulating questions about the development of sociology in twentieth-century Britain, but they ... More


A View from a French Sociologist

Dominique Schnapper

in British Sociology Seen from Without and Within

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263426
eISBN:
9780191734298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263426.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The French are not familiar with British sociology. As a first indicator, British sociology is hardly ever translated into French. In Britain, Anthony Giddens is the most cited and the most widely ... More


Tom Burns 1913–2001

Gianfranco Poggi

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 120, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, II

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263020
eISBN:
9780191734199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263020.003.0003
Subject:
History, Historiography

Tom Burns had possessed extraordinary professional gifts as an observer and analyst of social life ‘on the ground’. He preferred practising sociology rather than debating its nature or justifying its ... More


An Age of Possibility

Matthew M. Briones

in Jim and Jap Crow: A Cultural History of 1940s Interracial America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691129488
eISBN:
9781400842216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691129488.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter draws on Charles Kikuchi's diaries in presenting a trail guide for a reconstructive study of why the various schools of American democracy—including Nisei intellectuals at ... More


Introduction

Christine L. Williams

in Self, Social Structure, and Beliefs: Explorations in Sociology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520241367
eISBN:
9780520937857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241367.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Neil Smelser is a professionally trained psychoanalyst who maintained a clinical practice for several years while maintaining and managing his more visible career as academic sociologist and ... More


The Individual and the Social

Kai Erikson

in The Sociologist's Eye: Reflections on Social Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300106671
eISBN:
9780300231779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106671.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter considers a second approach to the sociological perspective, which has to do with the effort to make clear that the social scene and the individual persons who compose it can be viewed ... More


Sociology of Education in India: A Personal Account *

Geetha B. Nambissan and S. Srinivasa Rao

in Sociology of Education in India: Changing Contours and Emerging Concerns

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082866
eISBN:
9780199082254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082866.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This essay presents an account of the author's own personal and institutional experiences related to sociology of education (SoE)) in India. It explains that the author has been a sociologist of ... More


The “Team of Two”: Observing Bioethics

Renée C. Fox and Judith P. Swazey

in Observing Bioethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365559
eISBN:
9780199851881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365559.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is a collaboration of two social scientists: a sociologist and a historian. This chapter presents the work of the authors before they immersed on bioethics research, their perspective on ... More


Introduction: Focusing on Questions

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first discusses the origin of the work then presents the aims of this book that are addressed to the students of the sciences — philosophers, historians, and sociologists. It suggests a ... More


Theoretical Approaches to Corporal Punishment

Murray A. Straus and Michael Donnelly

in Corporal Punishment of Children in Theoretical Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085471
eISBN:
9780300133806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085471.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The goal of this book is to stimulate further research by psychologists, sociologists, and other social scientists concerned with child development and parent behavior. Given the recent and growing ... More


Adam Smith, Radical and Egalitarian: An Interpretation for the 21st Century

Iain McLean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748623525
eISBN:
9780748672110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623525.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This book aims to show that Adam Smith (1723–90), the author of Inquiry into…the Wealth of Nations, was not the promoter of ruthless laissez-faire capitalism that is still frequently depicted. His ... More


Secularizing American Higher Education: The Case of Early American Sociology

Christian Smith

in The Secular Revolution: Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520230002
eISBN:
9780520936706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230002.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explains the secularization of American higher education by employing the theoretical perspective of secular movements. It presents accounts of the marginalization of religion and ... More


Intelligence and social mobility

C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor

in Cyril Burt: Fraud or Framed?

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523369
eISBN:
9780191688898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523369.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Burt's 1961 paper was part of a wider debate on the causes of social class differences in intelligence. Burt held the view that a large part of the heterogeneity in intelligence between social ... More


From ‘Living Law’ to the ‘Death of the Social’—Sociology in Legal Theory

Roger Cotterrell

in Law and Sociology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282548
eISBN:
9780191700200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282548.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter addresses the nature of sociology as a knowledge-field. It also asks: what is sociology for legal theorists, especially for jurists pursuing theoretical inquiries about the nature of law ... More


A Journalist’s Plea

Barbara Ehrenreich

in Public Sociology: Fifteen Eminent Sociologists Debate Politics and the Profession in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251373
eISBN:
9780520940758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251373.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter is skeptical about the distinctive contributions of sociology. It argues that sociologists must focus on the problems endemic to modern society. To do so requires reaching out to other ... More


What Do We Know about Scientific and Popular Concepts of Race?

Ann Morning

in The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520270305
eISBN:
9780520950146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270305.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Historians, sociologists, and anthropologists have granted rich accounts of “rare science” and its practitioners, past and present. This chapter brings together both bodies of literature in order to ... More


Pragmatism, Phenomenology, and Twentieth-Century American Sociology

Neil Gross

in Sociology in America: A History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226090948
eISBN:
9780226090962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226090962.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter shows that despite the prevailing attitude that sociology and philosophy are worlds apart, American sociology in the twentieth century has in fact been shaped in deep and profound ways ... More


On Edge: Sociology during the Great Depression and the New Deal

Charles Camic

in Sociology in America: A History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226090948
eISBN:
9780226090962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226090962.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The 1930s, an age of harsh material conditions and thwarted expectations for millions of Americans, fell hard on American sociologists as well. Encouraged by the progress of their fledgling field ... More


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