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Psychobiological processes linking socio-economic position with health

Andrew Steptoe

in Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is concerned with how variations in socio-economic position affect physical disease. It begins by describing the pathways that theoretically link socio-economic position with physical ... More


The Persistence of Unequal Voice

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter investigates the differential voice of the advantaged and the disadvantaged. It first considers whether the participatory advantage of those who are high in socio-economic status (SES) ... More


Socio-economic position and health: The role of coping

Margareta Kristenson

in Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

People with low socio-economic status (SES) have poorer health prospects compared to people with high socio-economic status. This chapter explores the hypothesis that personal psychosocial resources ... More


The role of socio-cultural factors in the obesity epidemic

Kylie Ball and David Crawford

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Obesity is socio-culturally distributed, i.e., the prevalence of obesity is known to vary according to socio-cultural factors, including socio-economic position (SEP), social roles and circumstance, ... More


Health inequalities during older age: research evidence

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the consequences of poverty and income polarisation for health inequalities in later life. It discusses the extent to which age is a more important source of health exclusion ... More


Poverty, privilege, and brain development: empirical findings and ethical implications

Martha J. Farah, Kimberly G. Noble, and Hallam Hurt

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter attempts to relate findings on socio-economic status (SES) and brain development. The ultimate goals are to inform practical decisions concerning child policy, and to reveal the ... More


Socio-economic confounding

D. J. Jolley, B. Jarman, and P. Elliott

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews methods used to quantify ecological differences in the socio-economic status of areas, with reference to the literature on inequalities in health in Britain and elsewhere. It ... More


Inequalities in health behaviours and the life trajectories of children and youth: research evidence

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the influence of youth culture on social class differences in health behaviours. The findings indicate that problematic risk behaviours such as smoking and hard drug misuse ... More


Inequalities in health: is research gender blind?

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that most studies on the relationship between socio-economic status and health has been gender blind, and that this blindness may hinder attempts to understand the causal ... More


Socio-economic factors at areal level and their relationship with health

V. Carstairs

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the development and application of area methods to examine socio-economic differentials and their effects on health in the UK. Individual socio-economic variables and ... More


The sociology of sleep

S. Williams, R. Meadows, and S. Arber

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The chapter outlines various strands of recent sociological work on sleep and society pertinent to sleep epidemiology and public health. Key issues covered include methodological matters concerning ... More


Young British Muslims: Identity, Culture, Politics and the Media

Nahid A Kabir

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641338
eISBN:
9780748653232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641338.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

In Britain's highly politicised social climate in the aftermath of the 7/7 London bombings, this book provides an in-depth understanding of British Muslim identity through social constructs — ... More


The clustering of access to schools

Stephen Gorard

in Education Policy: Evidence of Equity and Effectiveness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447342144
eISBN:
9781447342212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447342144.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter looks at the various possible reasons and solutions for why and how educational disadvantage occurs. It examines how factors described in the previous chapter, such as segregation, ... More


Background and introduction: UK experiences of health inequalities

Katherine Smith, Clare Bambra, and Sarah E. Hill

in Health Inequalities: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198703358
eISBN:
9780191772603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703358.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The introductory chapter provides an overview of different ways of defining, conceptualizing, and measuring health inequalities. This includes outlining common axes of inequality, including social ... More


Socioeconomic status in ageing Poland: a question of cumulative advantages and disadvantages

Konrad Turek, Jolanta Perek-Białas, and Justyna Stypinńska

in Population ageing from a lifecourse perspective: Critical and international approaches

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781447310716
eISBN:
9781447310730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310716.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Socio-economic status describes the position a person occupies within society on grounds of wealth, educational level and occupational prestige. It is associated with opportunities, resources, and ... More


The Social Context of Learning

Shane N. Phillipson

in Learning and Teaching in the Chinese Classroom: Responding to Individual Needs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083428
eISBN:
9789882209848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083428.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter places the Chinese classroom within a social context. Using Bronfenbrenner's bioecological systems theory of human development as the theoretical framework, the chapter describes some of ... More


Accessible Elections to Help Poor People

Michael Ritter

in Accessible Elections: How the States Can Help Americans Vote

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197537251
eISBN:
9780197537282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197537251.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Inequality in who votes matters. People with lower incomes are significantly less likely to participate in elections, creating a class bias in the electorate. Even if overall voter participation ... More


Some comments on methods investigating disease risk around a point source

M. Hills

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses a fundamental problem when assessing risk around a point source: the difficulty of specifying in advance the size of the area for which the risk is to be assessed. It describes ... More


Social inequalities in health: the Nordic welfare state in a comparative context

Clare Bambra

in Changing Social Equality: The Nordic Welfare Model in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847426604
eISBN:
9781447305583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426604.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines health inequality — its definition, measurement and theory — and then examines the role of welfare states in determining overall population health outcomes. The main studies in ... More


Quality of Early Parent Input Predicts Child Vocabulary 3 Years Later

Erica A. Cartmill, Benjamin F. Armstrong, Lila R. Gleitman, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Tamara Nicol Medina, and John C. Trueswell

in Sentence First, Arguments Afterward: Essays in Language and Learning

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780199828098
eISBN:
9780197510438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199828098.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Children greatly vary in the number of words they know when they enter school, a major factor influencing subsequent school and workplace success. This variability is partially explained by the ... More


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