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Exploitation In A Market Socialist Economy I

N. Scott Arnold

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Worker cooperatives can be found throughout the world and are not a new phenomenon. To understand this organization, this chapter went into a brief study of the Yugoslavian experience with worker ... More


Labour and Economic Policy During the Second World War

Stephen Brooke

in Labour's War: The Labour Party and the Second World War

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202851
eISBN:
9780191675560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202851.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter discusses the prevailing economic policy of the Labour Party during the Second World War. Before 1939, nationalization was the dominant aspect of the Labour Party's economic policy; ... More


The Political Economy of Social Democratic Economic Policies: The Pasok Experiment in Greece

Euclid Tsakalotos

in Social Democracy in Neoliberal Times: The Left and Economic Policy since 1980

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241378
eISBN:
9780191696923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241378.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

PASOK, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement of Greece, is regarded as the most dominant and successful social democratic party in European politics. However, the chapter discusses its failure in the ... More


The Price Scissors in Closed and Partially Closed Socialist Economies

Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253579
eISBN:
9780191601682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253579.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Addresses the same issues as were examined in the previous chapter, i.e. the situation in which there is only one set of prices in rural and urban sectors, but with reference to a closed economy. The ... More


Income Distribution Changes and Their Impact in the Post-Second World War Period

Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Tony Addison, and Sampsa Kiiski

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Analyses the trends in within‐country inequality during the post‐Second World War period, with particular attention to the last 20 years, on the basis of a review of the relevant literature and of an ... More


The Soviet Industrialization Debate and Collectivization

Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253579
eISBN:
9780191601682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253579.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An economic question that became pivotal in the Soviet Union in the aftermath of the October Revolution of 1917 concerned how to raise the resources required to finance industrialization. The need ... More


Leaders

Stein Ringen

in The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Party-states are dictatorships. All the known ones in history have been dictatorships, and the remaining ones, including China, are dictatorships. Communist rule in China was dictatorial before the ... More


The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Stein Ringen

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

The Chinese system is like no other known to man, now or in history. This book explains how the system works and where it may be moving. Drawing on Chinese and international sources, on extensive ... More


Overall Promotion of Reform: A New Phase

Wu Jinglian, Ma Guochuan, Xiaofeng Hua, and Nancy Hearst

in Whither China?: Restarting the Reform Agenda

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190223151
eISBN:
9780190223182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223151.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The negative economic phenomena following the turbulence of 1989 were not caused by mistakes in the direction of the reforms. Rather, the problems can be attributed to the lack of a firm resolve to ... More


The Technopolitical Lineage of State Planning in Hungary, 1930–1956

Martha Lampland

in Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262515788
eISBN:
9780262295710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262515788.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses how state planning brought about the technopolitical lineage in Hungary. In East Europe, the transition to socialism has been colored by the rapid rise of hostilities to ... More


Economic Restructuring

Michael Fritsch

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0046
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Technological progress, competition and trade, relative prices fluctuations, and changes of the institutional framework may require companies, industries, regions, or the whole national economy to ... More


Tanzania in the 1980s: The Limits of Limited Aid

Nitsan Chorev

in Give and Take: Developmental Foreign Aid and the Pharmaceutical Industry in East Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197845
eISBN:
9780691198873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197845.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines the limited growth of the local pharmaceutical sector in Tanzania, compared to Kenya. Tanzania, too, relied on a ration kits program funded by donors, but development agencies ... More


Who They Are

Stein Ringen

in The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

During the reform period, the state has consolidated itself as one dedicated to self-preservation, stability, and economic growth. The reign of Hu and Wen from 2002 to 2012 was entirely devoted to ... More


What They Say

Stein Ringen

in The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Much of what the post-Mao leaders have said and done suggest an end of ideology, and that is a plausible hypothesis. However, the party-state is a structure that craves ideology. The state has its ... More


What They Do

Stein Ringen

in The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Today’s rulers have two main strategies of self-preservation. With one hand they purchase legitimacy in the eyes of the ruled; with the other hand they keep down anything that can threaten their hold ... More


What They Produce

Stein Ringen

in The Perfect Dictatorship: China in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789888208937
eISBN:
9789888313877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

A welfare state is known by the services it provides to its population. Not by whether or not it delivers welfare services—under all the author’s three hypotheses we would expect to see a state that ... More


The Time of Disturbance: On “Uchinaru henkyō”

Richard F. Calichman

in Beyond Nation: Time, Writing, and Community in the Work of Abe K=ob=o

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804797016
eISBN:
9780804797559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804797016.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The aim of this chapter is to investigate the relation between time and space in the essay “Uchinaru henkyō.” A certain inconsistency is identified in Abe’s argument, for he appears at moments to ... More


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