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Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Ivana Markova (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The ten chapters in this book are concerned with theoretical and empirical analyses of trust and distrust in post-Communist Europe after the collapse of the Soviet bloc in 1989. The contributors come ... More


The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Mark R. Leary

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human beings are unique in their ability to think consciously about themselves. Because they have a capacity for self-awareness not shared by other animals, people can imagine themselves in the ... More


The Emotional Construction of Morals

Jesse Prinz

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that recent work in philosophy, neuroscience, and anthropology supports two radical hypotheses about the nature of morality: moral values are based on emotional responses, and these ... More


The Evolution of Cultural Environments

Christopher Bail

in Terrified: How Anti-Muslim Fringe Organizations Became Mainstream

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159423
eISBN:
9781400852628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159423.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter summarizes the evolutionary theory of how civil society organizations shape the evolution of cultural environments in the wake of major crises such as the September 11 attacks. It ... More


RELIGION AND TERRORISM: The Need for a Multidimensional Model

Jones James W

in Blood That Cries Out From the Earth: The Psychology of Religious Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195335972
eISBN:
9780199868957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335972.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

“Religion and Terrorism: The Need for a Multidimensional Model.” Chapter 1 stresses that religiously motivated terrorism is very complex, and no single perspective or discipline can completely ... More


 A Contemporary Perspective on Multilevel Analyses and Social Neuroscience

Gary G. Berntson and John T. Cacioppo

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a collaborative interdisciplinary program to elucidate the links and underlying mechanisms of psychophysiological relations and their implications for health. This ranges from ... More


Buzz and Bins: The Discursive and Distributive Facets of Reputation

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies theoretical elements that generate two major aspects of reputation—the discursive facet, dealing with information actively flowing through the person’s reputational network, ... More


INTRODUCTION: Intergroup Reconciliation: Dimensions and Themes

Arie Nadler, Thomas E. Malloy, and Jeffrey D. Fisher

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the socio-political and social-psychological background of intergroup reconciliation. It then discusses the various methodological approaches used by the ... More


Stepping Stones to Reconciliation in Northern Ireland: Intergroup Contact, Forgiveness, and Trust

Miles Hewstone, Jared B. Kenworthy, Ed Cairns, Nicole Tausch, Joanne Hughes, Tania Tam, Alberto Voci, von Ulrich Hecker, and Catherine Pinder

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter highlights three stepping stones for success in interventions for violent intergroup conflicts: investigating when and how intergroup contact results in reduced prejudice and improved ... More


Introduction: Trust/Risk and Trust/Fear

Ivana Marková

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

It is not so long ago that Niklas Luhmann (1988) wrote that the study of trust has never been a topic in mainstream sociology, and others have echoed this claim with reference to other social ... More


Meditation: magic, myth, and mystery

Michael A. West

in The Psychology of Meditation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521945
eISBN:
9780191688478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521945.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the lack of consensus between meditators and researchers over the effects of meditation. The results of the research are reviewed and a variety of ... More


Music as Social behavior

Jane W. Davidson

in Empirical Musicology: Aims, Methods, Prospects

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195167498
eISBN:
9780199867707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167498.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter considers a range of ways in which the social psychology of music may be tackled empirically. Since most music-making is a social activity, this is a particularly important area of ... More


From Disclosure to Decision

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter argues that even if the (essentially) cognitive problems with information could be overcome—even if disclosees were offered, accepted, understood, and remembered disclosures—people might ... More


Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Ran Hassin, Kevin Ochsner, and Yaacov Trope (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This book presents social, cognitive, and neuroscientific approaches to the study of self-control, connecting recent work in cognitive and social psychology with recent advances in cognitive and ... More


Working Memory, Thought, and Action

Alan Baddeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528012
eISBN:
9780191689505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528012.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book is the magnum opus of one of the most influential cognitive psychologists of the past 50 years. This new volume on the model he created (with Graham Hitch) discusses the developments that ... More


Radical Religious Speech: The Ingredients of a Binary World View

Sara Savage and Jose Liht

in Extreme Speech and Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548781
eISBN:
9780191720673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548781.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter outlines key ingredients of Islamist radical religious speech and the social psychological needs to which they appeal, particularly among second and third generation young Muslims living ... More


Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Christopher R. Agnew, Donal E. Carlston, William G. Graziano, and Janice R. Kelly (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The inaugural Purdue Symposium on Psychological Sciences (PSPB) gathered leading thinkers in social psychology to consider theoretical and empirical issues relevant to behavior, across the field and ... More


Character Scepticism

Gregory Currie

in Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers more recent developments in the debate over Character, arising from work in social psychology which purports to show that Character plays a negligible role in the determination ... More


Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Pat Rabbitt (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Psychology is a comparatively young science. From its origins in the psychophysics laboratories of late-19th-century Germany, it made great strides throughout the 20th century, and can now be ... More


Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Peter Sedlmeier and Tilmann Betsch (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

From childhood, each of us develops our own personal set of theories and beliefs about the world in which we live. Given the impossibility of knowing about every event that can ever take place, we ... More


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