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Social and Political Trust in Established Democracies

Kenneth Newton

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Deals with three main topics: the nature and origins of social trust and its importance in society; trends in social trust in Western societies (with some comparisons with less developed societies); ... More


Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Pippa Norris (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This arose as part of an ongoing project on ‘Visions of Governance for the Twenty‐first Century’ initiated in 1996 at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, which aims to explore what people want ... More


Chapter Chapter Market Innovations to Better Allocate Generational Risk

Salvador Valdés‐Prieto

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Mandatory old-age benefit programs tend to require periodic adjustments as a result of demographic and economic shocks. However, such discretionary adjustments create political risk for workers and ... More


Democratic Governance, Social Trust, and Penal Order

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter summarizes the key findings of the study and points to theoretical, empirical, and public policy implications. It highlights the role of civic engagement, social trust, the resiliency of ... More


The Case of California: Neopopulism and Retribution

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details the case study of California. It shows how a democratic process based on polarized populism led to a retributive penal regime, with high rates of imprisonment for all kinds of ... More


The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Vanessa Barker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book examines how the democratic process and social trust shape penal sanctioning in the United States. The research shows that higher levels of civic engagement tend to support milder ... More


The Societal Context

Shayla C. Nunnally

in Trust in Black America: Race, Discrimination, and Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814758656
eISBN:
9780814759301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814758656.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at the factors of blacks' social trust in the contexts of neighborhoods, workplaces, shopping places, and religious institutions. As far as generalized social trust goes, blacks in ... More


Power and Violence

Jan Philipp Reemtsma

in Trust and Violence: An Essay on a Modern Relationship

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142968
eISBN:
9781400842346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142968.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter paints a picture of modernity as a fragmented and legally regulated power structure underwritten by a state monopoly on violence. This power structure allows functional differentiation ... More


Groups, Teams, Networks, Trust, and Social Capital

Neil J. Smelser and John S. Reed

in Usable Social Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273566
eISBN:
9780520954144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273566.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The five phenomena identified in the chapter title—groups, teams, networks, trust, and social capital—are treated as different but interrelated manifestations of the informal side of organizational ... More


Trust and the Foundations of Public Justification

Kevin Vallier

in Must Politics Be War?: Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190632830
eISBN:
9780190632861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190632830.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explains the great value found in a society where social trust is both high and grounded in the trustworthy behavior of all. It explains how social trust can be freely and respectfully ... More


Lustration, Public Disclosures, and Social Trust

Cynthia M. Horne

in Building Trust and Democracy: Transitional Justice in Post-Communist Countries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198793328
eISBN:
9780191835186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793328.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the conditions under which lustration and truth commissions affected social trust, separately considering trust in social institutions and interpersonal trust. This chapter ... More


The Foundations of Individuals’ Generalized Social Trust: A Review

Peter Thisted Dinesen and René Bekkers

in Trust in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630782
eISBN:
9780190630812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630782.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the literature on the causes of individuals’ generalized social trust (trust in unknown others) from a wide range of social science disciplines. The chapter structures the review ... More


Moral Peace and Social Trust

Kevin Vallier

in Must Politics Be War?: Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190632830
eISBN:
9780190632861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190632830.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explains why moral and political disagreement is pervasive and why there is a need to cooperate with diverse others anyway. It then develops conceptions of trust, social trust, ... More


Social Cohesion: A Process of Construction and Deconstruction

Christian Albrekt Larsen

in The Rise and Fall of Social Cohesion: The Construction and De-construction of Social Trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199681846
eISBN:
9780191761683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681846.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter summarizes the overall argument of the book. Furthermore, it discusses how the findings from the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark contribute to establishing a general theory about how social ... More


Rethinking Youth Conflict

Calvin Morrill and Michael Musheno

in Navigating Conflict: How Youth Handle Trouble in a High-Poverty School

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226538761
eISBN:
9780226523873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523873.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter provides a first look at urban youth navigating their conflicts with one another while contributing to the civility of New West High, a high poverty school in the American Southwest. ... More


Diversity, Social Capital, and Cohesion

Alejandro Portes and Erik Vickstrom

in Migration: Economic Change, Social Challenge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198729624
eISBN:
9780191796463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729624.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the burgeoning literature on ethno-racial diversity and its alleged effects on public trust and cohesion in the context of the evolution of the concept of social capital and ... More


Anchored Fluidity and Social Trust

Calvin Morrill and Michael Musheno

in Navigating Conflict: How Youth Handle Trouble in a High-Poverty School

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226538761
eISBN:
9780226523873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523873.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter establishes a baseline for peer relations, meanings of campus space, and social trust at New West High School (NWHS) during the late 1990s. Drawing on ethnographic observations, in-depth ... More


Navigating Conflict: How Youth Handle Trouble in a High-Poverty School

Calvin Morrill and Michael Musheno

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226538761
eISBN:
9780226523873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523873.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Urban schools are usually associated with violence, chaos, and youth aggression. This book challenges the violence-centered conventional wisdom of urban youth studies, revealing instead the social ... More


Introduction

Kevin Vallier

in Must Politics Be War?: Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190632830
eISBN:
9780190632861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190632830.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introduction reviews the challenges posed by falling social and political trust and increasing political polarization, especially in the United States. In particular, falling trust and ... More


Legal Systems

Kevin Vallier

in Must Politics Be War?: Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190632830
eISBN:
9780190632861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190632830.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Previous chapters argue that maintaining a system of social trust in the right way requires that our shared moral rules be publicly justified. This chapter argues that coercive laws are required in ... More


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