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Social Capital and Organizational Embeddedness

Mario Luis Small

in Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384352
eISBN:
9780199869893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384352.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Standard models of social capital have said little about how actors form the ties that generate social capital. This chapter proposes a model based on three assumptions: Actors may form ties either ... More


 Integrating Psychosocial Factors with Biology: The Role of Protective Factors in Trajectories of Health and Aging

Teresa E. Seeman

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an interdisciplinary study on the physiological mechanisms through which the sociocultural and socioeconomic environments, as well as personal social and psychological ... More


The Selective Functions of Social Capital: Why Are There So Few Migrants Out of Most Places?

Thomas Faist

in The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293910
eISBN:
9780191685002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293910.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Social capital depends on continuous transactions establishing social ties or collective representations expressed in symbolic ties, or both. The exit of people or whole groups abroad potentially ... More


How Do Others Get under Our Skin?: Social Relationships and Health

Teresa Seeman

in Emotion, Social Relationships, and Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195145410
eISBN:
9780199848201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145410.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

As the chapters in this book have stated, the correlation between social ties and health has long been established. However, further probing should be ... More


Network Dynamics of New Firm Formation: Developing Russian Commodity Markets

Gernot Grabher and David Stark

in Restructuring Networks in Post-Socialism: Legacies, Linkages and Localities

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290209
eISBN:
9780191684791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290209.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Political Economy

This chapter looks at differences between the founding processes of start-up firms with state-embedded spin-offs using the development of post-Soviet commodity exchange markets as a representation. ... More


A Local Social System

Keith Wrightson and David Lavine

in Poverty and Piety in an English Village: Terling, 1525–1700

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203216
eISBN:
9780191675799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203216.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter discusses the elements of the social structure in Terling, which illustrates the fluidity and unboundedness of a community constantly changing in composition as a result of geographical ... More


Networks of Domination: The Social Foundations of Peripheral Conquest

Paul K. Macdonald

in Networks of Domination: The Social Foundations of Peripheral Conquest in International Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199362165
eISBN:
9780190217952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362165.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops an alternative explanation for peripheral conquest that focuses on the importance of patterns of collaboration and resistance in shaping conquest in the periphery. It highlights ... More


The Ties That Bind?: The Effect of Social Ties and Interaction

in Patterns of Protest: Trajectories of Participation in Social Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774109
eISBN:
9780804778190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774109.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Social ties are essential to how individuals become involved in social movements and engage in activism and contentious politics. Social movement activities are typically embedded in dense relational ... More


Names, Naming Patterns, and Godparents

Scott Smith-Bannister

in Names and Naming Patterns in England 1538–1700

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206637
eISBN:
9780191677250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206637.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter is based entirely upon evidence from those parish registers in which detailed mention is made of a child's godparents. It offers an ... More


Gujarati Indian Networks in New York and London

in Modern Migrations: Gujarati Indian Networks in New York and London

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772228
eISBN:
9780804775830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772228.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This book explores the life histories of Gujarati immigrants in New York and London, which are closely associated with sociohistorical linkages and relations among India, Britain, and East Africa, or ... More


Individual Level: Neighbors Saving Lives

Daniel P. Aldrich

in Black Wave: How Networks and Governance Shaped Japan’s 3/11 Disasters

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226638263
eISBN:
9780226638577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226638577.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 2 focuses on residents of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima Prefectures, drawing on interviews with residents, NGO staff, and decision makers from across Tōhoku to understand both survival (and ... More


The Meaning and Measurement of Social Support

Bert N. Uchino

in Social Support and Physical Health: Understanding the Health Consequences of Relationships

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300102185
eISBN:
9780300127980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300102185.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines the meaning and measurement of social support. Social support is usually defined to include both the structures of an individual's social life and the more explicit functions ... More


Drink Water, but Remember the Source: Moral Discourse in a Chinese Village

Ellen Oxfeld

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520260948
eISBN:
9780520945876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260948.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

While many have studied China's recent rise as an economic power, China itself does not exist solely in the economic realm. Ordinary Chinese still place intense value on moral obligations and the ... More


More Than Words: The Integrative Power of the Mobile Phone as a “Reciprocal Technology” for Micromobilization

Jun Liu

in Shifting Dynamics of Contention in the Digital Age: Mobile Communication and Politics in China

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190887261
eISBN:
9780190887308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190887261.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ingrained into everyday life, mobile communication has woven itself into contemporary social relationships and networking, shaping the structure of society. Yet, what kinds of change are made ... More


Micro-Level Processes of Mobilization

Jocelyn Viterna

in Women in War: The Micro-processes of Mobilization in El Salvador

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199843633
eISBN:
9780199369591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843633.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter introduces a new theory of micro-level mobilization that challenges and extends the more common macro- and meso-level approaches to social movement studies. Rooted in the concept of ... More


Linking Local Labor Markets

in Modern Migrations: Gujarati Indian Networks in New York and London

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772228
eISBN:
9780804775830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772228.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines the life histories of individual Gujarati Indians and their social networks to understand how migration happens and what migration flows look like. It also discusses the role of ... More


No Place on the Corner: The Costs of Aggressive Policing

Jan Haldipur

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781479869084
eISBN:
9781479871407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479869084.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In the early 2000s, New York City began to experience a surge in “stop, question, and frisks”—a police tactic that became a distinctive feature of the New York Police Department. Young black and ... More


Conclusions and Recommendations: Building Trust and Tying Us Together

Daniel P. Aldrich

in Black Wave: How Networks and Governance Shaped Japan's 3/11 Disasters

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226638263
eISBN:
9780226638577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226638577.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The book concludes in Chapter 7 with concrete policy recommendations for residents, NGOs, and policy makers in Japan and around the world. Drawing on the experiences of residents, cities, ... More


Introduction

Mushirul Hasan

in From Pluralism to Separatism: Qasbas in Colonial Awadh

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195693232
eISBN:
9780199081882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693232.003.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book explores the history of the Kidwais, a small but well-known family in Awadh who lived in a little village called Masauli and its neighbouring areas in Bara Banki district in the United ... More


From Arab Dhows to Jet Planes

in Modern Migrations: Gujarati Indian Networks in New York and London

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772228
eISBN:
9780804775830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772228.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines how social ties are created historically and how the migration of Gujarati Indians has been selective under different historical conditions. It first looks at the history of ... More


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