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Perspectives from the President's Commission on Social Security Reform *

John F. Cogan and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security, composed of sixteen members from both major political parties. Members were tasked with providing ... More


The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform in Latin America *

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Over the past two decades many countries have adopted multipillar pension systems that include both a public DB and a private DC pillar. Critics of these pension reforms argue that the tight link ... More


Pensions in Brazil: Reaching the Limits of Parametric Reform in Latin America *

Milko Matijascic and Stephen J. Kay

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter describes Brazil's social security system and the highly contentious reform process. While much of the rest of the South American region moved toward individual accounts, Brazil engaged ... More


The Political Economy of Social Pacts: ‘Competitive Corporatism’ and European Welfare Reform

Martin Rhodes

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform; they explore the linkages between ... More


Recasting European Welfare States

Maurizio Ferrera, Anton Hemerijck, and Martin Rhodes

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The chapter presents, in synthesis form, some key elements of what is now understood about welfare regimes, their respective pathologies of development, their current paths of reform, and the ... More


The Mutual Relevance of Reputation and Personality

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 7 explores the mutual relevance of reputation and personality, two important constructs that appear to address the same question: What kind of person is this individual? A primary claim of ... More


Reforms to Canadian Social Security, 1996–7

Robert L. Brown

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses Social Security reform in Canada in 1996-7. It argues that the C/QPP reforms of 1997 gave merely tweaks to the system as opposed to massive change, with most of the amendments ... More


The Management of Innovation

Tom Burns and G. M. Stalker

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288787
eISBN:
9780191684630
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288787.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

First published in 1961, this book is a very influential book on organization theory and industrial sociology. The central theme of the book is the relationship between an organization and its ... More


Creating Better Social Science

William H. Starbuck

in The Production of Knowledge: The Challenge of Social Science Research

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199288533
eISBN:
9780191700521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288533.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

As some questions cannot be answered by traditional theories alone, this book asserts that there are research tactics do not help humans in understanding themselves and their environments. As a ... More


Paying for Old Age: Past, Present, Future

Mark Thomas and Paul Johnson

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on one fundamental aspects of an ageing population — how to pay for old age, individually and collectively. It also presents a study of the history of old age support in the UK ... More


A Guide to Social Epistemology *

Alvin I. Goldman

in Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter summarizes social epistemology and its taxonomies. It presents a wider range of measures of epistemic appraisal, as well as a framework that classifies the varieties of social ... More


Switzerland: a latecomer catching up? 1

Cyrielle Champion

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses the logic of reforms undertaken in the Swiss social security system for working-age people since the early 1990s when the country experienced a steep rise in unemployment for ... More


An Economic Rationale for the Hindu Social System

Deepak Lal

in The Hindu Equilibrium: India c.1500 B.C. - 2000 A.D.

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199275793
eISBN:
9780191706097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275793.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter sketches an economic theory which might be able to explain both the origins and the resilience of the Hindu social system as expressed in its twin pillars: the caste system and the ... More


Parallel Processes and Trauma-Organized Systems

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Organizations are living complex systems and as such are vulnerable to the impact of trauma and adversity. This chapter explores how groups respond to stress and suggests that as a result of acute ... More


Steps toward an Evolutionary Psychology of a Culture‐Dependent Specie s

Daniel M. T. Fessler

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Socially-transmitted information allows humans to survive in diverse social and ecological systems, a pattern that is as old as — and perhaps even predates — our species. This suggests that natural ... More


Beyond Idolatry: Religionless Christianity

Richard K. Fenn

in Beyond Idols: The Shape of a Secular Society

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143690
eISBN:
9780199834174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143698.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Can a nation‐state survive without a sense of identity that is religious and thus transcends the passage of time? A secular society is agnostic about the boundaries between the real and the unreal, ... More


Conclusion

H. Peyton Young

in Strategic Learning and its Limits

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269181
eISBN:
9780191699375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269181.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter summarizes the preceding discussions and shows how the results extend to situations involving strategic agents interacting with each other as well as with their external environment. ... More


Understanding Young People: A System Perspective

Francis Wing-lin Lee

in Nurturing Pillars of Society: Understanding and Working with the Young Generation in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028801
eISBN:
9789882207226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028801.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

During a period in a person's life when he or she is between two and 22 years of age, the three fundamental social systems he or she is exposed to includes family, school, and peers. Adopting a ... More


Infectious disease and primate social systems

Charles L. Nunn and Sonia Altizer

in Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565857
eISBN:
9780191728235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565857.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter integrates material from the previous chapters in order to explore the ways in which parasites might influence primate mating and social systems. It considers how individual responses to ... More


The Hindu Equilibrium: India c.1500 B.C. - 2000 A.D.

Deepak Lal

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199275793
eISBN:
9780191706097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275793.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

India is an emerging giant. This book explains its long economic stagnation and recent rise by examining its social, political, and historical evolution with a long-term perspective. It explains how ... More


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