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The Rise of Scientific Method

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The history of the search for a science of society is traced back to the political arithmeticians of the seventeenth century. Social survey is defined. What is right and what is wrong with sociology ... More


1941: The Sample Survey and the Modern Rational Nation

Mike Savage

in Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940: The Politics of Method

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587650
eISBN:
9780191740626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587650.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses the remarkable proliferation of social survey research in Great Britain from the 1950s and shows how it created a distinctive politics of the abstracted individual articulated ... More


Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Stephen J. Kay and Tapen Sinha (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Latin American experiments with pension reform began when Chile converted its public pay-as-you-go system to a system of private individual accounts in the early 1980s. Several other Latin American ... More


General Health Status and Quality of Life

Ian McDowell

in Measuring Health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195165678
eISBN:
9780199864034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165678.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Previous chapters have reviewed measurements that focus on specific aspects of health. This chapter reviews broad-ranging measures of general health and health-related quality of life. It opens with ... More


Introduction and Overview

Peter V. Marsden

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This book reports on social trends among U.S. adults between the early 1970s and the first decade of the 21st century. The chapters cover social and political phenomena arrayed across a wide ... More


Trends in Informal Social Participation, 1974–2008

Peter V. Marsden and Sameer B. Srivastava

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter assesses trends in informal social connectedness over a 34-year period beginning in 1974, focusing on four forms of informal socializing measured regularly by the General Social Survey. ... More


Population Trends in Verbal Intelligence in the United States

Duane F. Alwin and Julianna Pacheco

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines trends in adults' performance on a 10-item vocabulary battery administered within the General Social Survey (GSS). Measured ability remained relatively steady over time. This ... More


Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Peter V. Marsden (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This book assembles a team of leading researchers to provide unparalleled insight into how American social attitudes and behaviors have changed since the 1970s. Drawing on the General Social Survey—a ... More


Crime, Punishment, and Social Disorder: Crime Rates and Trends in Public Opinion over More Than Three Decades

James D. Wright, Jana L. Jasinski, and Drew Noble Lanier

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

In 1980, Arthur Stinchcombe, Tom Smith, Garth Taylor, and several additional coauthors published Crime and Punishment—Changing Attitudes in America. The book reviewed public opinion data from the ... More


Continuity and Change in American Religion, 1972–2008

Mark Chaves and Shawna Anderson

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter describes eight trends evident in the General Social Survey (GSS) between 1972 and 2008: (i) increased religious diversity; (ii) increased affiliation among Protestants with conservative ... More


‘The majority went back to withdrawal’ 1

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter challenges the idea that by the interwar period, appliance methods of contraception were increasingly replacing ‘inefficient’, ‘unreliable’, and ‘unpleasant’ traditional forms. It ... More


Member Attitudes

Christine Johnson

in Children of Jesus and Mary: The Order of Christ Sophia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378443
eISBN:
9780199869701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378443.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter compares the attitudes of order members with the attitudes of members of another new religion, the Family International, building on the work of William Bainbridge's The Endtime Family. ... More


Gender Role Attitudes since 1972: Are Southerners Distinctive?

Karen E. Campbell and Peter V. Marsden

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Several previous General Social Survey-based studies have revealed increasing acceptance of nontraditional gender roles. This chapter builds upon and extends these findings. It shows that adults ... More


Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

John H. Aldrich and Kathleen M. McGraw (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The American National Election Studies (ANES) is the premier social science survey program devoted to voting and elections. Conducted during the presidential election years and midterm Congressional ... More


Trends in Confidence in Institutions, 1973–2006

Tom W. Smith

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines trends in institutional confidence measured by the General Social Survey between 1973 and 2006. It begins by considering the construct of institutional confidence and describing ... More


A Passion for Facts: Social Surveys and the Construction of the Chinese Nation-State, 1900-1949

Tong Lam

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267862
eISBN:
9780520950351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267862.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book examines the emergence of the “culture of fact” in modern China, showing how elites and intellectuals sought to transform the dynastic empire into a nation-state, thereby ensuring its ... More


Psychological Well-being

Ian McDowell

in Measuring Health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195165678
eISBN:
9780199864034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165678.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers measures of general psychological well-being, including positive and negative feeling states. Psychological well-being is frequently recorded in social surveys, both as a ... More


Culture and Closure: This chapter is co-authored with Thomas Soehl

Andreas Wimmer

in Ethnic Boundary Making: Institutions, Power, Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199927371
eISBN:
9780199980536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927371.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity, Social Theory

Various approaches in the social sciences and the humanities assume that individual value orientations are closely associated with and shaped by their ethnic background. Others propose that ethnicity ... More


The Role of Group Research Designs to Evaluate Social Work Practice

Bruce A Thyer

in Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

From the beginnings of professional social work, the discipline defined itself as being a science-based field. Indeed this reliance upon the findings of social and behavioral science was a feature ... More


Benchmarking Muslim well-being in Europe: Reducing disparities and polarizations

Pamela Irving Jackson and Peter Doerschler

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428875
eISBN:
9781447307716
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428875.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This highly topical book aims to undermine unsubstantiated myths by examining Muslim integration in Germany, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, states which dominate the debate on ... More


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