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The Scarlet Gene: Behavioral Genetics, Criminal Law, and Racial and Ethnic Stigma

Karen Rothenberg and Alice Wang

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter contains six parts. Part I summarizes the Genes on Trial program and introduces the issues raised by it. Part II explains why behavioral genetics research tends to focus on discrete and ... More


Risk and Resiliency in Social Contexts

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explicates the construct of resilience within historical social contexts to illuminate an evolutionary perspective of contextual stresses and the ways in which they are negotiated and ... More


Person-Process-Context: An Ecological Transactional Model

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explains the principal paradigm of the book — the person-process-context model — to answer the question: How do socially stigmatized individuals reconcile basic humanness in daily ... More


Decriminalisation and stigma

Gillian Abel and Lisa Fitzgerald

in Taking the crime out of sex work: New Zealand sex workers' fight for decriminalisation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423344
eISBN:
9781447303664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423344.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter examines the emotional health of sex workers. It draws on and develops theories of stigma as well as examining how sex workers have been able to actively manage stigma through ... More


Poverty, Shame, and Stigma

Robert Walker

in The Shame of Poverty

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199684823
eISBN:
9780191765117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684823.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter explores the relationship between shame and stigma, considers the role of stigma in anti-poverty policy, and presents a model of the poverty–shame nexus incorporating stigma. The model ... More


Families, Schizophrenia, And Other Major Disorders: historical background

Harriet P. Lefley

in Family Psychoeducation for Serious Mental Illness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340495
eISBN:
9780199863792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340495.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

This chapter provides historical background and discusses etiological theories, deinstitutionalization, and stressors for families coping with psychiatric disorders. Situational stressors involve ... More


People Seeking People: Craigslist, Online Dating, and Social Stigma

Jessa Lingel

in An Internet for the People: The Politics and Promise of craigslist

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691188904
eISBN:
9780691199887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691188904.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at what made craigslist personals distinctive from other online dating platforms, focusing on shifting norms around anonymity and a persistent social stigma. More than any other ... More


Addictive substances and behaviours and social justice

Jacek Moskalewicz and Justyna Klingemann

in Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714002
eISBN:
9780191782282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Throughout history social stigma suffered by individual addicts has often been extended to cover large segments of society, first the lower classes and ethnic minorities in order to discredit their ... More


Conclusion

Vincenzo Ruggiero

in Crime and Markets: Essays in Anti-Criminology

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199248117
eISBN:
9780191697708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248117.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on criminal activities and anti-criminology. The analysis of crimes in the street and crimes of the elite suggest that the excess of ... More


Defending Good-Mother Identities: The Homeschooling Stigma

Jennifer Lois

in Home Is Where the School Is: The Logic of Homeschooling and the Emotional Labor of Mothering

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814752517
eISBN:
9780814789438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814752517.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter illustrates the justifications homeschoolers have developed to fight the emotional stigma of irresponsible mothering that came with keeping their children out of conventional schools. ... More


Slavery and Politics: Stigma, Decentralisation and Political Representation in Niger and Benin

Eric Komlavi Hahonou

in Reconfiguring Slavery: West African Trajectories

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311994
eISBN:
9781846315640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846311994.003.0008
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Drawing on the results of a comparative study conducted between 2002 and 2007, this chapter examines the contemporary political mobilisation of people of slave status in Niger and Benin. It focuses ... More


The Patient’s Reaction to Illness

Eric J. Cassell

in The Nature of Healing: The Modern Practice of Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195369052
eISBN:
9780199979103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369052.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

The sick are different from the well. The ways people react to being ill depends on the persons, the interrelated conditions in which the illness occurs, their medical care, the disease, or the ... More


Craigslist Gigs, Class Politics, and a Gentrifying Internet

Jessa Lingel

in An Internet for the People: The Politics and Promise of craigslist

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691188904
eISBN:
9780691199887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691188904.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the hustle to find work on craigslist. Using interviews with craigslist users recruited through the site's gigs section, the chapter puts craigslist job searching in the context ... More


Sacredness of Obligations: Debt in Antebellum North Carolina

David Silkenat

in Moments of Despair: Suicide, Divorce, and Debt in Civil War Era North Carolina

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834602
eISBN:
9781469603353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877951_silkenat.14
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the significant social stigma of indebtedness for white North Carolinians during the antebellum period. Debt functioned as a fundamental threat to an individual's independence ... More


Maybe the End of HIV

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0047
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on HIV, which has been our most politically charged illness and a defining health challenge of our time. The world of HIV care over the last two decades has seen a great, almost ... More


Unfinished Gestures: Devadasis, Memory, and Modernity in South India

Davesh Soneji

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226768090
eISBN:
9780226768113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226768113.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book presents the social and cultural history of courtesans in South India, who are generally called devadasis, focusing on their encounters with colonial modernity in the nineteenth and early ... More


Into the Galactic Zone: Managing Sexuality in Neoliberal Mexico

Patty Kelly

in Policing Pleasure: Sex Work, Policy, and the State in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814785089
eISBN:
9780814785102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814785089.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how prostitution is managed in Mexico by focusing on the Zona Galáctica, or Galactic Zone, a government-owned brothel in Chiapas that was established in 1991 to regulate ... More


Missing Protections

Dov Fox

in Birth Rights and Wrongs: How Medicine and Technology are Remaking Reproduction and the Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190675721
eISBN:
9780190675752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675721.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

No governmental agency or authority seriously polices reproductive negligence. The best practices set forth by industry organizations are completely voluntary and routinely ignored, and there isn’t ... More


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