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Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Johannes Siegrist and Michael Marmot (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health inequalities according to people's social standing are persisting, or even growing, in modern societies. Recent decades have revealed evidence of strong variations in life expectancy, both ... More


Between Respect and Shame: Verecundia and the Art of Social Worry

Robert A. Kaster

in Emotion, Restraint, and Community in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195140781
eISBN:
9780199789283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140781.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates the emotion that the Romans called verecundia, a kind of strategic fear that causes one to gauge one’s behavior in any given social interaction and judge correctly one’s ... More


On the Crown (Or. 18)

Gunther Martin

in Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199560226
eISBN:
9780191721427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560226.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

A description of Demosthenes' position after Chaeroneia stands at the start of this chapter, showing that he defends himself not only against Aeschines, but also against the many accusations and the ... More


Roadblocks at the High End: The Role of Caste in Postuniversity Employment

Katherine S. Newman and Ashwini Deshpande

in Discrimination in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the ways in which caste in India shapes the experience of students in elite universities. It traces the differential pathways that Dalit and non-Dalit students, from comparable, ... More


Renuntiatio and the ‘Rhetoric of Renunciation’

Richard J. Goodrich

in Contextualizing Cassian: Aristocrats, Asceticism, and Reformation in Fifth-Century Gaul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213139
eISBN:
9780191695841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213139.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter tackles the question: what did Cassian offer his audience that was truly unique? It argues that his emphasis on an actual renunciation (renuntiatio) — as opposed to the theoretical ... More


The Priest as Neighbour

Peter Marshall

in The Catholic Priesthood and the English Reformation

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204480
eISBN:
9780191676307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204480.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter first explores the social standing of priests in the pre-Reformation English Church. As seen in this chapter, their social standing was dictated not merely by the amount of income they ... More


Targeted Because of Their Success?

Amy Kate Bailey and Stewart E. Tolnay

in Lynched: The Victims of Southern Mob Violence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620879
eISBN:
9781469623092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620879.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines whether black and mixed-race men with higher social standing were exposed to a greater risk of mob violence than were their lower-status neighbors. The results show that ... More


“Be Rather Loved Than Feared” Class Relations in Quattrocento Florence

F. W. Kent

in Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232549
eISBN:
9780520928220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232549.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter demonstrates that patronage, charity, and friendship overlapped with class antagonisms in fifteenth-century Florence. The very insistence of Quattrocento moralists that people remain ... More


Finances, Social Standing and the ‘Grand Tour’

Richard Ansell

in Complete Gentlemen: Educational Travel and Family Strategy, 1650-1750

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197267271
eISBN:
9780191965104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197267271.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter argues that educational travel was a major factor in family strategy and estate finance, and that these concerns in turn shaped encounters with the Continent. Case studies show how ... More


Patriotism and the Place of the Army in British Society

J. G. Fuller

in Troop Morale and Popular Culture in the British and Dominion Armies 1914–1918

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201786
eISBN:
9780191675010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201786.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the place of the soldiers in British society during World War I. The army below officer level had long been outside the mainstream of society, a mercenary caste in the hands of ... More


Dignity and Shame

Suzy Killmister

in Contours of Dignity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198844365
eISBN:
9780191879913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844365.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on personal and social dignity, exploring the source and scope of individuals’ moral claims against having their dignity violated, frustrated, or destroyed. For personal dignity, ... More


What Is the Norm?: “Irregular” and “Regular” Burial Practices of the Early Iron Age in Central Europe

Nils Müller-Scheessel, Carola Berszin, Gisela Grupe, Annette Schwentke, Anja Staskiewicz, Thomas Tütken, and Joachim Wahl

in The Odd, the Unusual, and the Strange: Bioarchaeological Explorations of Atypical Burials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781683401032
eISBN:
9781683401216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401032.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Despite great variability, most burials of the Early Iron Age in Central Europe exhibit a high degree of standardization. Richly furnished graves consist of wooden chambers furnished with grave goods ... More


Motivation

Andreas C. Lehmann, John A. Sloboda, and Robert H. Woody

in Psychology for Musicians: Understanding and Acquiring the Skills

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195146103
eISBN:
9780199851164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146103.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter tackles motivation and its crucial role in the development and improvement of musical skills. The manifestations of motivation are treated as behaviors, and its sources are identified ... More


“Then just being glad isn’t pro-fi-ta-ble?”: Mourning, Class, and Benevolence in Pollyanna

Roxanne Harde

in Eleanor H. Porter's Pollyanna: A Children's Classic at 100

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781628461329
eISBN:
9781626740723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461329.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter engages with turn-of-the-century debates about benevolence and the orphan through a discussion of mourning and class in Pollyanna. As a novel in which nearly every character suffers from ... More


The Thrill of the Nordic Kill: The Manhunt Movie in the Nordic Thriller

Rikke Schubart

in Nordic Genre Film: Small Nation Film Cultures in the Global Marketplace

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780748693184
eISBN:
9781474412223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748693184.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

‘This world’s divided into two kinds of people: The hunter and the hunted,’ big-game hunter Rainsford says in The Most Dangerous Game (1932) and self-assuredly continues, ‘Luckily, I’m a hunter. ... More


Women with Elbows

Harry Berger Jr.

in Manhood, Marriage, and Mischief: Rembrandt's 'Night Watch' and Other Dutch Group Portraits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823225569
eISBN:
9780823240937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823225569.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The word pendant, whatever its actual etymology, suggests that the ideal relation between any pair of figures is achieved when each figure is shown to depend on and lean toward the other. Whether in ... More


The Fragility of Dignity

Suzy Killmister

in Contours of Dignity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198844365
eISBN:
9780191879913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844365.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter utilizes the theoretical framework developed in Chapter 1 to explain how dignity can be violated, frustrated, or destroyed. For personal dignity, violations involve forcing a person to ... More


Epilogue: Promised Land

Larrie D. Ferreiro

in Ships and Science: The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1800

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062596
eISBN:
9780262272582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062596.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this epilogue, an open conflict between Pierre Bouguer and a colleague from the Geodesic Mission, La Condamine, and his final years of life are analyzed and discussed. This epilogue reports that ... More


Insolvent Women

Asiya Siddiqi

in Bombay's People, 1860-98: Insolvents in the City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199472208
eISBN:
9780199091072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199472208.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

Our study of insolvency records affords a rare glimpse into the lives of women from different social classes and milieus in Bombay during the mid-nineteenth century. Contrary to colonial stereotypes ... More


Thorbjorn’s Rejection (ch. 7 cont.)

William Ian Miller

in Hrafnkel or the Ambiguities: Hard Cases, Hard Choices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198793038
eISBN:
9780191834776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198793038.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Criticism/Theory

A discussion of Thorbjorn’s rejection of Hrafnkel’s seemingly generous offer to compensate him for the loss of his son. Thorbjorn wants compensation designated as such. Thorbjorn sees more than a ... More


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