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Perspectives from the President's Commission on Social Security Reform *

John F. Cogan and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security, composed of sixteen members from both major political parties. Members were tasked with providing ... More


Pensions in Brazil: Reaching the Limits of Parametric Reform in Latin America *

Milko Matijascic and Stephen J. Kay

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter describes Brazil's social security system and the highly contentious reform process. While much of the rest of the South American region moved toward individual accounts, Brazil engaged ... More


The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform in Latin America *

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Over the past two decades many countries have adopted multipillar pension systems that include both a public DB and a private DC pillar. Critics of these pension reforms argue that the tight link ... More


The Political Economy of Social Pacts: ‘Competitive Corporatism’ and European Welfare Reform

Martin Rhodes

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform; they explore the linkages between ... More


Recasting European Welfare States

Maurizio Ferrera, Anton Hemerijck, and Martin Rhodes

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The chapter presents, in synthesis form, some key elements of what is now understood about welfare regimes, their respective pathologies of development, their current paths of reform, and the ... More


Reforms to Canadian Social Security, 1996–7

Robert L. Brown

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses Social Security reform in Canada in 1996-7. It argues that the C/QPP reforms of 1997 gave merely tweaks to the system as opposed to massive change, with most of the amendments ... More


Paying for Old Age: Past, Present, Future

Mark Thomas and Paul Johnson

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on one fundamental aspects of an ageing population — how to pay for old age, individually and collectively. It also presents a study of the history of old age support in the UK ... More


Switzerland: a latecomer catching up? 1

Cyrielle Champion

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses the logic of reforms undertaken in the Swiss social security system for working-age people since the early 1990s when the country experienced a steep rise in unemployment for ... More


The Distributional Effects of an Investment-based Social Security System

Martin Feldstein and Jeffrey B. Liebman

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the distributional effect of a change from the existing pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) U.S. Social Security system to one that combines both PAYGO and investment-based elements. The ... More


Country analyses1

Thomas Bahle, Vanessa Hubl, and Michaela Pfeifer

in The last safety net: A handbook of minimum income protection in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427250
eISBN:
9781447303879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427250.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter analyses the institutional structure and quantitative development of national minimum income protection (MIP) systems. In this chapter, seventeen countries are studied and each of the ... More


Social security and pensions

Robin C. A. White

in Workers, Establishment, and Services in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198267768
eISBN:
9780191683367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267768.003.0009
Subject:
Law, EU Law

There are two principal features of social security systems that constitute obstacles to the free movement of persons. These are nationality and residence requirements, and the territorial nature of ... More


Social Policy: The Rise and Fall of Welfare Corporatism

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

Organized business and labor in Germany are both governed by the social security system. This has caused interdependence among the following: collective bargaining, the status and structure of ... More


Social Welfare Policy and Living Standards between the Wars

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes the interwar expansion of social welfare policies and their role in alleviating economic insecurity in an era of unprecedented unemployment. The social security system ... More


Redistribution in the Current U.S. Social Security System

Jeffrey B. Liebman

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter addresses the redistribution in the current Social Security system in the United States. Social Security increases tax revenue from workers each year and pays out benefits to retirees ... More


Different Approaches to Pension Reform from an Economic Point of View

Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise

in Social Security Pension Reform in Europe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241081
eISBN:
9780226241913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241913.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Most social security systems around the world are operated on a pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) basis. Taxes collected from working people today are routed directly to pay the benefits of current retirees. Now ... More


Long-Run Effects of Social Security Reform Proposals on Lifetime Progressivity

Julia Lynn Coronado, Don Fullerton, and Thoma Glass

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter employs the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to produce estimates of lifetime incomes for a large sample of individuals, and then calculates the present value of taxes and benefits for ... More


Social Security in Developed Countries: Are There Lessons for Developing Countries?

A. B. Atkinson and John Hills

in Social Security in Developing Countries

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198233008
eISBN:
9780191678967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the measures that have emerged as components of the social-security systems of developed countries. It considers the lessons that developing countries may or may not be able ... More


Could Social Security Go Broke?

Barbara R. Bergmann

in The Economists' Voice: Top Economists Take On Today's Problems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143653
eISBN:
9780231527866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143653.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter attacks the notion that Social Security could go broke, a claim often used to make the case for privatization. It argues that the Social Security system cannot go bankrupt. Businesses or ... More


Health related worklessness

Clare Bambra

in Work, Worklessness, and the Political Economy of Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588299
eISBN:
9780191731372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588299.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The previous chapter examined how one form of worklessness — unemployment — is associated with an increased risk of ill-health and mortality. This chapter examines the opposite relationship, in which ... More


Welfare state contexts

Thomas Bahle, Vanessa Hubl, and Michaela Pfeifer

in The last safety net: A handbook of minimum income protection in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427250
eISBN:
9781447303879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427250.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the welfare contexts in which the minimum income protection (MIP) systems are institutionally embedded. Particular focus is given on the social arrangements of three population ... More


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