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Policy Histories and Partisan Leadership in Presidential Studies: The Case of Social Security

Fiona Ross

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter seeks to illustrate the importance of both structural constraints deriving from the established trajectory of the policy regime itself and the relevance of the partisan character of key ... More


Restructuring Pensions for the Twenty-first Century: The United States’ Social Security Debate

Gordon L. Clark

in Pension Security in the 21st Century: Redrawing the Public-Private Debate

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199261765
eISBN:
9780191601248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261768.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on the debates over the privatisation of Social Security in the United States. It is argued that privatisation alone will not improve Social Security’s finances nor raise returns ... More


The Struggles of an “Orthodox Innovator”: George W. Bush, the Conservative Movement, and Domestic Policy

Jon Herbert

in Crisis of Conservatism?: The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement, and American Politics After Bush

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199764013
eISBN:
9780199897186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764013.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on George Bush's domestic policy. It examines four of Bush's domestic policy initiatives: education reform, the Medicare prescription drug benefit, social security reform and ... More


Understanding Individual Account Guarantees

Olivia S. Mitchell and Kent Smetters

in The Pension Challenge: Risk Transfers and Retirement Income Security

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266913
eISBN:
9780191601323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266913.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines pension guarantees in the context of an individual account (IA) component of a social security reform. The inclusion of IAs in social security reform can strengthen old-age ... More


Conservatives and the American Economy

George A. (Sandy) Mackenzie

in Crisis of Conservatism?: The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement, and American Politics After Bush

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199764013
eISBN:
9780199897186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764013.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The chapter explores the influence of the conservative movement on American economic policy. It assesses the role of conservative ideas on economic thought and practice and distinguishes between ... More


Social Security Policy

Peter A. Diamond

in Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247899
eISBN:
9780191697692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247899.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on the various arguments concerning social security reform and the important factors that should be analyzed in deciding what reform policy should be adopted. Due to the growth ... More


Social Security, the Government Budget, and National Savings

Peter Diamond

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the implication of overlapping generation models on government policies. The government can choose a higher tax rate than the ‘pay as you go’ rate, to increase the baby boomer ... More


Social Security Principles, Enforcement in Latin America, and Modifications by the Reforms

Carmelo Mesa-Lago

in Reassembling Social Security: A Survey of Pensions and Health Care Reforms in Latin America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199644612
eISBN:
9780191807022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199644612.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter describes the conventional principles of social security, tracing its antecedents and focusing on the approved norms by the International Labour Organization (ILO). It assesses whether ... More


Chapter Chapter The Changing Retirement Paradigm

Robert Clark and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the need for a new retirement paradigm brought about by labour changes. It then discusses retirement policy changes, old and new retirement patterns; the ... More


Case Studies II: Challenges

William G. Howell, Saul P. Jackman, and Jon C. Rogowski

in The Wartime President: Executive Influence and the Nationalizing Politics of Threat

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226048253
eISBN:
9780226048420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226048420.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The three case studies in this chapter, in one way or another, challenge the general claims of this book. With the federal government’s entrance into education policymaking in the late 1950s, we see ... More


The Personal Security Account 2000 Plan, Market Outcomes, and Risk

Sylvester J. Schieber and John B. Shoven (eds)

in Themes in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226902845
eISBN:
9780226903330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903330.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents a framework for assessing Social Security reform proposals by evaluating a specific reform plan. This plan is one derived from the original personal security account (PSA) plan ... More


Social Security and Inequality over the Life Cycle

Angus Deaton, Pierre-olivier Gourinchas, and Christina Paxson

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the way that the inequality of consumption behaves in a life-cycle model without bequests. It also investigates the consequences of Social Security reform for the inequality of ... More


The Long and Bumpy Road to a Social-Security System

Wu Jinglian, Ma Guochuan, Xiaofeng Hua, and Nancy Hearst

in Whither China?: Restarting the Reform Agenda

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190223151
eISBN:
9780190223182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223151.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The least successful of China’s reforms is that of the social-security system. The economic progress gradually revealed the serious defects of the old social-security system that had been modeled ... More


. Health, Disability, and Pathways into Retirement in Spain

Pilar García-Gómez, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, and Judit Vall Castelló

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226903095
eISBN:
9780226921952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter, which analyzes the trends in labor force participation and transitions to benefit programs of older workers in Spain, shows that despite the large improvements in mortality rates among ... More


Guaranteed Income: SSI and the Well-Being of the Elderly Poor

Kathleen McGarry

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter concentrates on the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, which provides means-tested benefits for the elderly poor. It is noted that the majority of SSI recipients remain poor in ... More


Does Social Security Induce Withdrawal of the old from the Labor Force and Create Jobs for the Young?: The Case of Japan

Takashi Oshio, Satoshi Shimizutani, and Akiko Sato Oishi

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Fiscal Implications of Reform

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310176
eISBN:
9780226310008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310008.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines whether social security programs in Japan induce withdrawal of the elderly from the labor force and create jobs for the young. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 7.2 ... More


Parties and Public Policy: Programmatic Formulation and Political Processing of Constitutional Amendments

Paulo Fábio Dantas Neto

in Policy analysis in Brazil

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306849
eISBN:
9781447310976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyses the activities of Brazil's main political parties since the early 1990s in a study of constitutional amendments submitted during the period. It draws attention to the fact that, ... More


Expert Community and Sectoral Policy: The Brazilian Sanitary Reform

Nilson do Rosário Costa

in Policy analysis in Brazil

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306849
eISBN:
9781447310976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The political analysis that resulted in the adoption of the universal right to health in the 1988 Federal Constitution and the intellectual foundations of the health sector reform are examined in ... More


Pathways to Fiscal Reform in the United States

John W. Diamond and George R. Zodrow (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028301
eISBN:
9780262321914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028301.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The severe fiscal problems that the United States faces have been the focus of much attention in recent years, and several groups have proposed ambitious plans for fiscal reforms that would address ... More


Introduction

John Y. Campbell and Martin Feldstein

in Risk Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092553
eISBN:
9780226092560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092560.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The increasing life expectancy in the United States and in other industrial countries is creating a major problem for traditional unfunded social security pension programs. In such pay-as-you-go ... More


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