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Austrian Refugee Social Scientists1

Christian Fleck

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter presents an overview of one sub-group of Nazi refugees: social scientists from Austria, and Vienna in particular. After a deft sketch of the constraints and opportunities for scholars, ... More


 Can Religion Cause Behavior?

Mark D. Regnerus

in Forbidden Fruit: Sex and Religion in the Lives of American Teenagers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195320947
eISBN:
9780199785452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320947.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter reviews and evaluates the various ways in which social scientists have come to understand how religion affects human behavior in general, and adolescent sex in particular. In a nutshell, ... More


Imagination and Art

Richard Swedberg

in The Art of Social Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the role of imagination and the arts in helping social scientists to theorize well. However deep one's basic knowledge of social theory is, and however many concepts, ... More


Biology Redivivus

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines the revival of interest in the study of biology as the basis of the differences in human behavior in the U.S. during the 1960s. Despite signs of a culturalist triumph, a growing ... More


1956: The End of Community: The Quest for the English Middletown

Mike Savage

in Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940: The Politics of Method

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587650
eISBN:
9780191740626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587650.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines how a new breed of social scientists in Great Britain during the 1950s sought to define an ordinary, average, national society. It suggests that outside influences were to be ... More


How social science can contribute to public policy: The case for a ‘design arm’

Gerry Stoker and Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Paradigms in Public Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197264935
eISBN:
9780191760365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264935.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter returns to the question of how social scientists can contribute to public policy. First, it is desirable to open up the range of approaches and orientations available to policy-making by ... More


Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences

Gurpreet Mahajan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076971
eISBN:
9780199080403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076971.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Social scientists explain events by identifying reasons and causes. Occasionally they weave a series of events into a historical narrative. What is entailed in each kind of explanation? What form of ... More


Performing Scientificity: Race, Science, and Politics in the USA and Germany after the Second World War1

Holger Droessler

in Black Knowledges/Black Struggles: Essays in Critical Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381724
eISBN:
9781781382257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381724.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter traces the postwar battle for scientific authority and political influence between the older guard of physical anthropologists and the rising group of social scientists in a ... More


China as a Social Laboratory

TONG LAM

in A Passion for Facts: Social Surveys and the Construction of the Chinese Nation-State, 1900-1949

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267862
eISBN:
9780520950351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267862.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

The American and Chinese practitioners of social-survey research used China to test and develop their conceptions of the human world, and to generate new social categories for purposes of governance. ... More


Ally Recruitment in Beijing

Susan Greenhalgh

in Just One Child: Science and Policy in Deng's China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253384
eISBN:
9780520941267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253384.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the search for credibility among groups of scientists. It examines the turn-of-the-century population-control target, which reveals a hidden process whereby politics and ... More


The Uses of Biology

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines social scientists' use of biology in the study of human behavior. The conundrum of the roots of the incest taboo among human beings is surely the most elaborate example of the ... More


Conclusion

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

in Dark Matter Credit

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This concluding chapter calls for an understanding of both historical inheritance and the process of change, which thus argues for a deeper understanding of long-run change. To fully grasp the role ... More


The Scientific Revolution in Chengdu

Susan Greenhalgh

in Just One Child: Science and Policy in Deng's China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253384
eISBN:
9780520941267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253384.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the “scientific revolution” in Chengdu. The discussion begins with the immediate political context, and emphasizes the urgent need of the population officials for new ... More


A Place Apart: The “New Ghetto” and the “Old Neighborhood”

Benjamin Looker

in A Nation of Neighborhoods: Imagining Cities, Communities, and Democracy in Postwar America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226073989
eISBN:
9780226290454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290454.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Amid mounting public concern over the nation's simmering “urban crisis,” journalists, social scientists, and critics struggled to determine the relevance of received notions of neighborhood functions ... More


United America

Wendy L. Wall

in Inventing the "American Way": The Politics of Consensus from the New Deal to the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195329100
eISBN:
9780199870226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329100.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the aftermath of World War II, an array of influential elites launched a wide-ranging effort to recapture the sense of teamwork that had pervaded public discourse during the war. Those engaged in ... More


The “Team of Two”: Observing Bioethics

Renée C. Fox and Judith P. Swazey

in Observing Bioethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365559
eISBN:
9780199851881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365559.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is a collaboration of two social scientists: a sociologist and a historian. This chapter presents the work of the authors before they immersed on bioethics research, their perspective on ... More


Explaining Causally

Gurpreet Mahajan

in Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076971
eISBN:
9780199080403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076971.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses causal explanations. It argues that the notion of cause that is most appropriate for the social sciences is one that undermines the very ground on which causal explanations are ... More


Applying social science: The role of social research in politics, policy and practice

David Byrne

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424518
eISBN:
9781447301486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424518.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

In complex contemporary societies social science has become increasingly interwoven into the whole fabric of governance. At the same time there is an increasing recognition that attempts to ... More


The Rise of Charismatic Catholicism in Latin America

Edward L. Cleary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036083
eISBN:
9780813038285
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036083.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Much has been made of the dramatic rise of Protestantism in Latin America. Many view this as a sign that Catholicism's primacy in the region is at last beginning to wane. Overlooked by journalists ... More


Culture Cracking for War: I. Allies (1939–44)

Peter Mandler

in Return from the Natives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300187854
eISBN:
9780300189704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300187854.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter describes Margaret Mead's works on culture during the Second World War, at which time she was cut off from her fieldwork among “primitive” people, and this threatened the basis of her ... More


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