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Political Societies

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

A political society was defined in Chapter 1 as a society with institutions of governance. These institutions are its institutions. Three kinds of institution of governance are discussed, all ... More


Logic on the Track of Social Change

David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, and Peter K. Schotch

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235309
eISBN:
9780191679056
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235309.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Political Philosophy

This book sets out a new logic of rules, developed to demonstrate how such a logic can contribute to the clarification of historical questions about social rules. The chapters illustrate applications ... More


A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Margaret Gilbert

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Does one have special obligations to support the political institutions of one’s own country precisely because it is one’s own? In short, does one have political obligations? This book argues for an ... More


The Constitution of Social Groups

N. W. Barber

in The Constitutional State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585014
eISBN:
9780191595318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585014.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter develops an account of rules, an account which has been directed towards illuminating the part that rules play in the existence and operation of social groups. It brings forward some of ... More


The Function of Justice: Assessing Coercion

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a new account of the types of social relations that principles of justice are meant to assess. It argues that the function of justice is to limit the ways in which we may ... More


 Taking Charge

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces mechanism design, which is the subject wherein games are designed so that rational play results in socially desirable outcomes. The judgment of Solomon from the Bible is used ... More


The Mentality of the State

N. W. Barber

in The Constitutional State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585014
eISBN:
9780191595318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585014.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter argues that when we talk of states possessing intentions and acting, we use these terms in an analogous sense to their primary use in the context of individuals. To talk of a state ... More


Negative and positive positivism

Jules L. Coleman

in Markets, Morals, and the Law

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253609
eISBN:
9780191719783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253609.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter presents and defends a version of legal positivism, relying on two distinctions: one between epistemic and ontological conceptions of the rule of recognition, and the other between ... More


Law in Modern Society

Denis Galligan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book considers how legal theory, and particularly H. L. A Hart's The Concept of Law, has developed the idea of law as a highly developed social system, which has a distinctive character and ... More


Endogenous Change: Time, Age, and the Self-Undermining of Institutions

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

In the context of institutions, individual and collective action supposedly brought about intended or unintended change in institutions. Understanding such change then requires a thorough ... More


Social Rules at the Foundations of Law

Andrei Marmor

in Philosophy of Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141671
eISBN:
9781400838707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141671.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents some of H. L. A. Hart's main contributions to legal philosophy. Hart's The Concept of Law is widely regarded as the single most important contribution to legal philosophy in the ... More


Laws and Conventions

N. W. Barber

in The Constitutional State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585014
eISBN:
9780191595318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585014.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The previous chapter introduced the idea of constitutional conventions, discussing their nature and place within the constitution. It left at least one important feature of conventions unexplored: ... More


Introduction

Anna Bryson

in From Courtesy to Civility: Changing Codes of Conduct in Early Modern England

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217657
eISBN:
9780191678264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217657.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to explore the nature and development of early modern conceptions of good manners, and examine some of the particular forms ... More


A Rules-Analysis, following Foucault, of the Birth of Clinical Medicine  

David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, Peter K. Schotch, and Laura Byrne

in Logic on the Track of Social Change

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235309
eISBN:
9780191679056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235309.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Political Philosophy

The preceding chapters showed how our logic can identify more precisely the rules prevailing in the status quo ante and the rules supplanting them in the status quo post. It was also shown how the ... More


Law as Social Rules

D. J. GALLIGAN

in Law in Modern Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

To be able to acquire an understanding of how social rules become standards of behavior, the social context in which these occur must first be analysed while considering the various possible ... More


Toward an Economic Sociology of Chronic Poverty: Enhancing the Rigour and Relevance of Social Theory

Michael Woolcock

in Poverty Dynamics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557547
eISBN:
9780191721083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557547.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on both expanding and refining the analytical scope of the ‘social’ (or non-economic) aspects of chronic poverty. The chapter is structured in six sections. Section 15.2 briefly ... More


Law as a System of Rules

D. J. GALLIGAN

in Law in Modern Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The rule of recognition, as a social fact, aids in understanding how social rules make up a system of law in two ways. First, it serves as an ultimate rule that links rules to form a system as it ... More


From Courtesy to Civility: Changing Codes of Conduct in Early Modern England

Anna Bryson

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217657
eISBN:
9780191678264
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217657.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

In any society, a foreigner learning the language must also learn what passes for good manners. The same is true for the historian trying to understand the social rules of a period and why these ... More


Social Rules

in H.L.A. Hart, Second Edition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756785
eISBN:
9780804779562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756785.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

H. L. A. Hart's legal theory is a theory of legal order as an order of rules. These rules are a particular variety of social rules that derive from social sources and exist in virtue of social ... More


Hart's Conception of Law

in H.L.A. Hart, Second Edition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756785
eISBN:
9780804779562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756785.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

H. L. A. Hart's jurisprudence is detailed in his book, The Concept of Law. This book describes a legal system as a system of social rules that belong to a general class encompassing other types of ... More


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