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The Senior Civil Service in France

Luc Rouban

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In France, the notion of a senior civil servant is a social rather than a legal one, and senior civil servants may be defined through their role as privileged partners of political power and ... More


Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Elvin Hatch

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Where do we get our notions of social hierarchy and personal worth? What underlies our beliefs about the goals worth aiming for, the persons we hope to become? This book addresses these questions in ... More


Aristocracy about 1760: Theory and Practice

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter considers the prevailing notion in the eighteenth century that nobility was a necessary bulwark of political freedom. Whether in the interest of a more open nobility or of a more closed ... More


Metaphors of Being and Modes of Empowerment

Paula McDowell

in The Women of Grub Street: Press, Politics, and Gender in the London Literary Marketplace 1678-1730

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198183952
eISBN:
9780191674143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183952.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 18th-century Literature

While Chapter 3 considers material circumstances, Chapter 4 considers psychological or ideological ones, asking what worldviews and notions of the self in society enabled four women of the middling ... More


Theorising Bullying

Rivers Ian

in Homophobic Bullying: Research and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195160536
eISBN:
9780199893911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160536.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

In this chapter, the question is posed, why does homophobic bullying or indeed any type of bullying exist? Does bullying, for example, represent a form of ‘power’ that has its origins in the ... More


Introduction: Dignity and Its (Dis)content

Meir Dan-Cohen

in Dignity, Rank, and Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199915439
eISBN:
9780199980222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915439.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his Tanner Lectures, the author of this book contributes to a rapidly growing literature on human dignity and its political and legal ramifications. Following the lectures are commentaries by ... More


Maternal Effects in Fissiped Carnivores

Kay E. Holekamp and Stephanie M. Dloniak

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter describes a wide range of maternal effects on offspring development in fissiped carnivores. It discusses the influence of maternal social rank on offspring status, reproductive ... More


Of Clay and Porcelain

Joan Mickelson Gaughan

in The 'Incumberances': British Women in India, 1615-1856

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092148
eISBN:
9780199082780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092148.003.0015
Subject:
History, Social History

Anglo-Indians described three social ranks among themselves—the civil and military services were porcelain; the merchants were clay, and the uncovenanted and Indians did not rank at all. The argument ... More


The Hustle and Bustle of City Life: The Politics of Public Space and Racial Formation

Cécile Vidal

in Caribbean New Orleans: Empire, Race, and the Making of a Slave Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469645186
eISBN:
9781469645209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645186.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter investigates how the ancien régime culture, with which officials and settlers came to French Louisiana and which made them highly sensitive to the issue of maintaining their rank in ... More


Codes and Classes

Michael Mason

in The Making of Victorian Sexuality

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122470
eISBN:
9780191671425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122470.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter deals with patterns in sexual behavior in 19th-century England and Wales. It focuses on the most widespread shifts and stabilities in heterosexual marital and extra-marital sexual ... More


Pecan Point as the “Capital” of Pacaha: A Mortuary Perspective

Rita Fisher-Carroll and Robert C. Mainfort Jr.

in Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the Representationist Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034263
eISBN:
9780813039619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034263.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Many years ago, the Pecan Point site attained near-legendary status among professional and avocational archaeologists. It is not the size of the site or its mounds (both of which are poorly ... More


Verses on the Moon, Flowers, and Snow

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0043
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In this chapter, Shinkei talks about the practice of reserving verses on the moon, flowers, and snow to high-ranking participants of a renga session and how this practice presents an opportunity to ... More


Everyone Ran to Help: Rank and Gender in the Wars of New France

Gina M. Martino

in Women at War in the Borderlands of the Early American Northeast

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640990
eISBN:
9781469641010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640990.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on women’s military roles in France’s attempts to colonize Canada and Acadia. It argues that political and religious officials in New France were more likely than their ... More


Maize and Mississippian Beginnings

Amber M. Vanderwarker, Dana N. Bardolph, and C. Margaret Scarry

in Mississippian Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781683400103
eISBN:
9781683400318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400103.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The adoption and intensification of maize (Zea mays) farming has long been a topic of interest in Mississippian archaeology. At various times throughout the development and definition of ... More


Human Experimentation in the Eighteenth Century: Natural Boundaries and Valid Testing

Londa Schiebinger

in The Moral Authority of Nature

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136806
eISBN:
9780226136820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136820.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how drugs were tested in the eighteenth century, looking specifically at how human subjects were chosen for experiments, and at notions of uniformity and variability across ... More


Peace and Order in Human Societies

Deborah Boyle

in The Well-Ordered Universe: The Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190234805
eISBN:
9780190234829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234805.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

Cavendish recognized that humans are social creatures and that members of human societies have appropriate roles, established by Nature, with principles guiding those roles. When humans follow these ... More


Reluctant Revolutionaries

Susan E. Klepp

in Revolutionary Conceptions: Women, Fertility, and Family Limitation in America, 1760-1820

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833223
eISBN:
9781469600796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807833223.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on both those Americans who resisted or did not fully adopt family limitation strategies, or who employed those new ideas in defense of old hierarchies. The events of the late ... More


Introduction

Topher L. McDougal

in The Political Economy of Rural-Urban Conflict: Predation, Production, and Peripheries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198792598
eISBN:
9780191834585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792598.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter serves as an accessible introduction to the issue, divided into five subsections. Section 1.1 describes the principal puzzle driving the research: why do some rural-based rebel groups ... More


Epilogue

Elizabeth V. Spelman

in Trash Talks: Revelations in the Rubbish

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190239350
eISBN:
9780190239381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239350.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

The brief Epilogue notes that the promised portrait of people’s intimate connections with the world of rejectamenta turns out to be more like a sestych or six-panel installation. Or, to shift ... More


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