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The New Politics of the Welfare State

Paul Pierson (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The welfare states of the affluent democracies now stand at the centre of political discussion and social conflict. In this book, which grew out of two conferences held at the Center for European ... More


Favoritism under Social Pressure

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the effect of social forces as determinants of behavior, in particular the role of social pressure as a determinant of corruption, through the lens of professional soccer. ... More


The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life

Eviatar Zerubavel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195187175
eISBN:
9780199943371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187175.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The fable of the Emperor's New Clothes is a classic example of a conspiracy of silence, a situation where everyone refuses to acknowledge an obvious truth. But the denial of social realities—whether ... More


Art and Audience

Nick Zangwill

in Aesthetic Creation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261871
eISBN:
9780191718670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261871.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter argues against all theories of art that make essential reference to an audience. It argues that there should be no reference to an audience in a theory of art. The initial problem for ... More


Philosophy and Society

Lieve Van Hoof

in Plutarch's Practical Ethics: The Social Dynamics of Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583263
eISBN:
9780191723131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583263.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter starts by demonstrating that Plutarch's practical ethics—by contrast with what might be suggested by Ziegler's label ‘popular-philosophical’—cannot be termed popular on account of their ... More


The Society of the Person with Eating Disorders

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Eating disorders are found nearly exclusively in Western countries, and mainly affect women. This chapter explores the social issues around eating disorders. It attempts to explain why the majority ... More


A Comprehensive Hartian Theory of Legal Obligation: Social Pressure, Coercive Enforcement, and the Legal Obligations of Citizens *

Kenneth Einar Himma

in Philosophical Foundations of the Nature of Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199675517
eISBN:
9780191757280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675517.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter attempts to broaden the scope of the Hartian theory of social obligation by including two kinds of social norms that can create social obligations: firstly, norms that govern a group ... More


A Tower of Silence of the Sasanian Period at Bandiyan: Some observations about Dakhmas in Zoroastrian Religion

MEHDI RAHBAR

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0023
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses some observations about dakhmas in Zoroastrianism during the Sasanian period in Bandiyan based on 1994 archaeological excavations. On the basis of the evidence gathered, it can ... More


Explanations

Luis H. Zayas

in Latinas Attempting Suicide: When Cultures, Families, and Daughters Collide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734726
eISBN:
9780199894826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734726.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Chapter Seven describes in the girls’ own words, and in the words of their parents, the backdrop for the suicide attempts. The chapter traces family dysfunctions and trauma in the girls’ lives that ... More


Clubs, Credence Standards, and Social Pressure

David P. Baron

in Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162500
eISBN:
9780262259132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162500.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter is a presentation of a theory of industry collective action despite the arousal of change in practice and policies created by social pressure from “private politics,” which is often used ... More


Human Nature

DAVID MILLER

in Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246589
eISBN:
9780191681028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246589.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Hume's conception of human nature. He sees men less as selfish than as partial in their benevolence, serving the interests of those connected to them at the expense of mankind ... More


Shame, Legislation, and Subordination

Julien A. Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno, and Fabrice Teroni

in In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793532
eISBN:
9780199928569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793532.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

We consider the role of shame in explaining and/or justifying the regulation of certain practices by means of both legal and social pressure. We begin by focusing on the nature of the connection ... More


Privacy: Concealing the Eighteenth-Century Self

Patricia Spacks

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226768601
eISBN:
9780226768618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226768618.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Today we consider privacy a right to be protected. But in eighteenth-century England, privacy was seen as a problem, even a threat. Women reading alone and people hiding their true thoughts from one ... More


The Court Midwife

Justine Siegemund

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226757087
eISBN:
9780226757100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226757100.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

First published in 1690, this book made its author the spokesperson for the art of midwifery at a time when most obstetrical texts were written by men. More than a technical manual, it contains ... More


Hiding at the Margins: Social Pressures and Escapist Role-Play

in Role-Play and the World as Stage in the Comedia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235484
eISBN:
9781846313967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235484.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Drama

This chapter examines two Golden Age comedies to explore the concept of escapist role-play: Tirso de Molina's Marta la piadosa and Lope de Vega's Los locos de Valencia. It explains that the ... More


Obligation, Duty, Wrongdoing

in H.L.A. Hart, Second Edition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756785
eISBN:
9780804779562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756785.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

According to H. L. A. Hart, the distinguishing feature of morality and of law is their obligatory character. By giving rise to obligations, morality and law make conduct non-optional. Hart's theory ... More


War, the individual and the community

Louis Rawlings

in The Ancient Greeks at War

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719056574
eISBN:
9781781700839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719056574.003.0011
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter analyzes the impact of war on the individual and the community in ancient Greece. It suggests that for those who survived the personal brutality and trauma of combat, the social pressure ... More


Self and sensitivity

Euan M. Macphail

in The Evolution of Consciousness

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503248
eISBN:
9780191686481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503248.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Any animal having a theory of mind will necessarily possess a concept of self. One central function of a theory of mind is to enable an animal to predict what another animal will do, and so be able ... More


Conclusion

in The Rewards of Punishment: A Relational Theory of Norm Enforcement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760218
eISBN:
9780804771221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760218.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter, which concludes the book by summarizing the key findings, comes back to the enforcement puzzles raised at the start and discusses the solutions suggested by the theory. It describes ... More


Survival

in Reconstructing Ashkenaz: The Human Face of Franco-German Jewry, 1000-1250

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759502
eISBN:
9780804786843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759502.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Martyrdom, particularly mass suicide, is the focus of the twelfth-century Hebrew narratives of the First Crusade persecutions, which extol the lofty ideal of Kiddush ha-Shem. This chapter illuminates ... More


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