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The New Politics of the Welfare State

Paul Pierson (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The welfare states of the affluent democracies now stand at the centre of political discussion and social conflict. In this book, which grew out of two conferences held at the Center for European ... More


Favoritism under Social Pressure

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the effect of social forces as determinants of behavior, in particular the role of social pressure as a determinant of corruption, through the lens of professional soccer. ... More


Self-Interest versus Group Interest and “Racialized” Social Constraint

Ismail K. White and Chryl N. Laird

in Steadfast Democrats: How Social Forces Shape Black Political Behavior

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691199511
eISBN:
9780691201962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691199511.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on racialized social constraint's ability to increase political action in support of the Democratic Party and its candidates. To demonstrate the existence of an in-group norm of ... More


The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life

Eviatar Zerubavel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195187175
eISBN:
9780199943371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187175.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The fable of the Emperor's New Clothes is a classic example of a conspiracy of silence, a situation where everyone refuses to acknowledge an obvious truth. But the denial of social realities—whether ... More


Philosophy and Society

Lieve Van Hoof

in Plutarch's Practical Ethics: The Social Dynamics of Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583263
eISBN:
9780191723131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583263.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter starts by demonstrating that Plutarch's practical ethics—by contrast with what might be suggested by Ziegler's label ‘popular-philosophical’—cannot be termed popular on account of their ... More


Art and Audience

Nick Zangwill

in Aesthetic Creation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261871
eISBN:
9780191718670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261871.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter argues against all theories of art that make essential reference to an audience. It argues that there should be no reference to an audience in a theory of art. The initial problem for ... More


A Tower of Silence of the Sasanian Period at Bandiyan: Some observations about Dakhmas in Zoroastrian Religion

MEHDI RAHBAR

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0023
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses some observations about dakhmas in Zoroastrianism during the Sasanian period in Bandiyan based on 1994 archaeological excavations. On the basis of the evidence gathered, it can ... More


The Society of the Person with Eating Disorders

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Eating disorders are found nearly exclusively in Western countries, and mainly affect women. This chapter explores the social issues around eating disorders. It attempts to explain why the majority ... More


A Comprehensive Hartian Theory of Legal Obligation: Social Pressure, Coercive Enforcement, and the Legal Obligations of Citizens *

Kenneth Einar Himma

in Philosophical Foundations of the Nature of Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199675517
eISBN:
9780191757280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675517.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter attempts to broaden the scope of the Hartian theory of social obligation by including two kinds of social norms that can create social obligations: firstly, norms that govern a group ... More


Explanations

Luis H. Zayas

in Latinas Attempting Suicide: When Cultures, Families, and Daughters Collide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734726
eISBN:
9780199894826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734726.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Chapter Seven describes in the girls’ own words, and in the words of their parents, the backdrop for the suicide attempts. The chapter traces family dysfunctions and trauma in the girls’ lives that ... More


The Court Midwife

Justine Siegemund

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226757087
eISBN:
9780226757100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226757100.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

First published in 1690, this book made its author the spokesperson for the art of midwifery at a time when most obstetrical texts were written by men. More than a technical manual, it contains ... More


The Low Road

Tamar Schapiro

in Feeling Like It: A Theory of Inclination and Will

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198862932
eISBN:
9780191895449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862932.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, I address the last constraint, asymmetric pressure. How is it that your inclination can put asymmetric pressure on your will? I argue that this is a deep and general problem, one ... More


Privacy: Concealing the Eighteenth-Century Self

Patricia Spacks

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226768601
eISBN:
9780226768618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226768618.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Today we consider privacy a right to be protected. But in eighteenth-century England, privacy was seen as a problem, even a threat. Women reading alone and people hiding their true thoughts from one ... More


Clubs, Credence Standards, and Social Pressure

David P. Baron

in Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162500
eISBN:
9780262259132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162500.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter is a presentation of a theory of industry collective action despite the arousal of change in practice and policies created by social pressure from “private politics,” which is often used ... More


Human Nature

DAVID MILLER

in Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246589
eISBN:
9780191681028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246589.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Hume's conception of human nature. He sees men less as selfish than as partial in their benevolence, serving the interests of those connected to them at the expense of mankind ... More


Shame, Legislation, and Subordination

Julien A. Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno, and Fabrice Teroni

in In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793532
eISBN:
9780199928569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793532.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

We consider the role of shame in explaining and/or justifying the regulation of certain practices by means of both legal and social pressure. We begin by focusing on the nature of the connection ... More


Introduction: An Invitation to Care

Felicity Aulino

in Rituals of Care: Karmic Politics in an Aging Thailand

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739729
eISBN:
9781501739743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739729.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of care in Thailand. Thailand, this relatively small nation of sixty-six million people in mainland Southeast Asia, faces struggles similar to many ... More


Social Pressure in International Lawmaking

Giovanni Mantilla

in Lawmaking under Pressure: International Humanitarian Law and Internal Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501752582
eISBN:
9781501752605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501752582.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter elaborates on humanitarian standards that were born out of a long and tortuous political process of social pressure. It presents a theoretical framework to understand the process of rule ... More


Hiding at the Margins: Social Pressures and Escapist Role-Play

in Role-Play and the World as Stage in the Comedia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235484
eISBN:
9781846313967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235484.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Drama

This chapter examines two Golden Age comedies to explore the concept of escapist role-play: Tirso de Molina's Marta la piadosa and Lope de Vega's Los locos de Valencia. It explains that the ... More


Obligation, Duty, Wrongdoing

in H.L.A. Hart, Second Edition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756785
eISBN:
9780804779562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756785.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

According to H. L. A. Hart, the distinguishing feature of morality and of law is their obligatory character. By giving rise to obligations, morality and law make conduct non-optional. Hart's theory ... More


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