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Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Andrew Mason

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘Equality of opportunity for all’ is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst ... More


The Simple View

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


The Desert of the Best Qualified

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the most obvious way of developing a meritocratic account, one in terms of the idea of desert. According to this approach, the best-qualified candidates should be appointed to ... More


Concluding Reflections

Raymond Plant

in The Neo-liberal State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281756
eISBN:
9780191713040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281756.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This concluding chapter seeks to review the whole argument of the book to sustain the polemical claim made in the book that neo‐liberalism in fact does not possess the intellectual coherence to ... More


Launching Magazines

Heather A. Haveman

in Magazines and the Making of America: Modernization, Community, and Print Culture, 1741-1860

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164403
eISBN:
9781400873883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164403.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines the evolution of magazines in America from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth centuries, with particular emphasis on who launched them and and why they did so. It also ... More


‘Honour to the Victors!’

Mark Edele

in Soviet Veterans of World War II: A Popular Movement in an Authoritarian Society, 1941-1991

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237562
eISBN:
9780191717185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237562.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the evidence for each of two popular views about Soviet veterans after the war: as victims and as victors. It shows that it is impossible to think of veterans as one united ... More


Gender and Social Normativity

Charlotte Witt

in The Metaphysics of Gender

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199740413
eISBN:
9780199918720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740413.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains the notion of gender used in articulating the claim of gender essentialism, and begins by drawing a distinction between sex and gender. Next, it explores the nature of social ... More


Class Structure in the Old and New South

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter assesses whether the class structure of the South changed in the postbellum era and whether different individual and locational attributes predicted who would come to occupy preferred ... More


The Boundaries of Social Citizenship

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This concluding chapter summarizes the principal findings and offers some reflections on the boundaries of social citizenship and the role of race and immigration in American social welfare ... More


Introduction

Scott Eddie

in Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198201663
eISBN:
9780191718434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201663.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sets the historical stage, puts the study in context, and reviews the relevant literature, beginning with the pioneering efforts of Johannes Conrad to quantify land ownership by size and ... More


Disability and the death and dying agenda

Carol Thomas

in Death, Dying, and Social Differences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599295
eISBN:
9780191731532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599295.003.0028
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter considers the interests of disabled people in the social management of death and dying. It covers: the meaning and nature of disability, including key concepts; the social position and ... More


Axes of health inequalities and intersectionality

Sarah E. Hill

in Health Inequalities: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198703358
eISBN:
9780191772603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703358.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the relevance of multiple axes of social identity/position for health inequalities research. Drawing on a range of research (including from countries such as New Zealand and the ... More


The role of socio-cultural factors in the obesity epidemic

Kylie Ball and David Crawford

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Obesity is socio-culturally distributed, i.e., the prevalence of obesity is known to vary according to socio-cultural factors, including socio-economic position (SEP), social roles and circumstance, ... More


‘Intellectuality and Surface Culture’ The Respectability of Dissent, 1840–1859

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229681
eISBN:
9780191678905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229681.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Respectability had become, by the mid-19th century, the great idol of the middle and upper working classes. The obsession with respectability was the product of a hierarchical yet mobile society in ... More


The Paradox of the “Top Specialist” and the Heuristics of Reputation

Gloria Origgi

in Reputation: What It Is and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196329
eISBN:
9781400888597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196329.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter contains a critical analysis of people's faith in experts. It presents many biases that influence and distort people's perception of the reputation of others. It also examines the ... More


Minority Stress and the Health of Sexual Minorities

Ilan H. Meyer and David M. Frost

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Minority stress refers to a conceptual model that describes stressors embedded in the social position of sexual minority individuals as causes of health-related conditions, such as mental disorders, ... More


Social Structure and Individual Motivation

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

in Conceptualizing Capitalism: Institutions, Evolution, Future

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226168005
eISBN:
9780226168142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226168142.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 2 outlines some basic and more general concepts and issues that are necessary before dealing with the more specific social formation of capitalism. A social structure is defined as a set of ... More


Introduction

Jane Griffiths

in John Skelton and Poetic Authority: Defining the Liberty to Speak

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199273607
eISBN:
9780191706301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273607.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the work of John Skelton. It then describes the primary aims of the book, which are to provide a new reading of Skelton's work, and ... More


Comparing human dignity in four welfare systems

Chak Kwan and Graham Bowpitt

in Human dignity and welfare systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344311
eISBN:
9781447302551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344311.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter compares the welfare measures of the four systems studied in this book and examines their impact on the dignity of unemployed people. It then identifies the different welfare measures ... More


Ethnicity and race: from essentialism to constructionism

Sandra Torres

in Ethnicity and Old Age: Expanding Our Imagination

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447328117
eISBN:
9781447328131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447328117.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents the ways in which understandings of ethnicity and race have evolved, and what characterises the different perspectives on these social positions that are available (i.e. ... More


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