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The Making of a Social Class: The Western Bourgeoisie

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

The industrial bourgeoisie was a new social class that came into existence with the onset of industrialization. The new class did not spring from thin air, but was rooted in the existing class ... More


British Post-war Sociologists

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

A dozen sociologists attended LSE in the aftermath of the Second World War. They were the first generation of professional sociologist in Britain. This chapter offers an account of their origins, the ... More


Psychology of Unemployment and Social Exclusion: Youth Unemployment and the Risk of Social Exclusion

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter links the psychological consequences of unemployment to processes of social exclusion among the youth. The vulnerability factors contributing to increased risk of social exclusion for ... More


Democratic Demographics: Does Democracy Alter Politicians’ Origins?

Roderic Ai Camp

in The Metamorphosis of Leadership in a Democratic Mexico

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199742851
eISBN:
9780199866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742851.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Demographic variables determine many characteristics in a politician's background and determine critical career choices. Social origin is one of the most influential of such variables, but the major ... More


Dignity, Rank, and Rights

Jeremy Waldron

Meir Dan-Cohen (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199915439
eISBN:
9780199980222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915439.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Writers on human dignity roughly divide between those who stress the social origins of this concept and its role in marking rank and hierarchy, and those who follow Kant in grounding dignity in an ... More


Why Inflamed Amour‐Propre is So Common

Frederick Neuhouser

in Rousseau's Theodicy of Self-Love: Evil, Rationality, and the Drive for Recognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542673
eISBN:
9780191715402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542673.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers Rousseau's two genealogies of amour-propre one at a time, examining each for whatever help it offers in understanding why the fallen state seems to be humankind's default ... More


Becoming a Schoolmistress

Christina de Bellaigue

in Educating Women: Schooling and Identity in England and France, 1800-1867

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289981
eISBN:
9780191710995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289981.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses how women became schoolmistresses in England and France. It shows that not all schoolmistresses fit the stereotypical image of middle-class affluent young women forced by loss ... More


Education: Trends

Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

in Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292401
eISBN:
9780191684913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the changes in the influence of social origins on educational attainment and the relationship between qualifications gained and class of labour-market entry and destination. It ... More


Careers

John Merriman

in Police Stories: Building the French State, 1815-1851

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195072532
eISBN:
9780199867790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072532.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the careers of policemen, how they were hired, and who they were. To be a policeman offered lower-middle-class status by virtue of salary and a modicum of respect. The ... More


Business Structures, Religious Structures, and Business Élites, 1900–1960

David J. Jeremy

in Capitalists and Christians: Business Leaders and the Churches in Britain 1900-1960

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201212
eISBN:
9780191674839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201212.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

Paternalism characterized many late Victorian businesses however in twentieth century Britain it was vanquished partly because of the changes within the company and the changes in the company's ... More


Caste

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines caste, the most important differentiator in Indian social life. It is a better indicator of social origin and class than parental occupation. The figures used here are census ... More


‘A Friend a Day Keeps the Doctor Away’: Social Support and Health

Ann Oakley

in Social Support and Motherhood: The Natural History of a Research Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349457
eISBN:
9781447349464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349457.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Among the social origins of the Social Support and Pregnancy Outcome study, as described in Chapter 1, was the idea that social support is good for health. This chapter attempts to draw together ... More


Plea Bargaining: A Distinctively American Practice

Mary E. Vogel

in Coercion to Compromise: Plea Bargaining, the Courts, and the Making of Political Authority

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195101751
eISBN:
9780199851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101751.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter traces the beginnings of plea bargaining in antebellum Boston, Massachusetts, the first sustained instance of the practice known, thus far, to exist. It explores the social origins of ... More


Exemptions from Criminal Responsibility: Natural, Social and Political

VICTOR TADROS

in Criminal Responsibility

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225828
eISBN:
9780191718571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225828.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

There are different kinds of exemptions from criminal responsibility that are available. Some, such as diplomatic immunity are primarily political in nature. Others are based on the fact that the ... More


Prologue

Vincent L. Wimbush

in White Men's Magic: Scripturalization as Slavery

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199873579
eISBN:
9780199949595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199873579.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This prologue establishes the book's author’s social-cultural origins and development and academic-intellectual socialization as well as his reconsideration of and departure from such as a way of ... More


Social-class Origins and Trajectories

Jesus Ramirez-Valles

in Compañeros: Latino Activists in the Face of AIDS

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036446
eISBN:
9780252093470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036446.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter examines the social-class origins of the Latino GBT activists, the compañeros. It proposes that social-class origins shaped some of these compañeros' life circumstances. That is, the ... More


Female Sexuality and the Origin of Society

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

female sexuality and the origin of society


Introduction: a social perspective on how language began

Daniel Dor, Chris Knight, and Jerome Lewis (eds)

in The Social Origins of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199665327
eISBN:
9780191779725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665327.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In the first years of its emergence, the modern study of the origins of language focused largely on the formative question of the human genetic endowment for language. Much evidence from different ... More


Corsi e Ricorsi : In Vico’s Wake

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0017
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Vico's theory of history as repetition


Nature versus Nurture in the Explanations for Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities: Parsing Disparities in the Era of Genome-Wide Association Studies

Jay S. Kaufman, Dinela Rushani, and Richard S. Cooper

in Reconsidering Race: Social Science Perspectives on Racial Categories in the Age of Genomics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190465285
eISBN:
9780190465315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465285.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter points out that some researchers explain the higher mortality rates among blacks in the United States as “nature”, blaming such rates primarily on blacks' genetic makeup. Others explain ... More


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